Disposal Of Waste
( Originally Published 1918 )
If the daily disposal of waste is attended to, there will he no undesirable accumulation of garbage. Scraps of food that cannot be utilized for the table should be fed to the pigs or the chickens and should not be allowed to stand and gather flies. A covered pail or pan should be used for holding the garbage, until final disposal is made of it. Those portions that are badly spoiled and will be of no value in feeding the stock should be burned at once. Waste vegetable substances. if suitable, should be fed to the stock, and if' nut, should be buried in a thin layer on the ground at some distance from the house, so that they may enrich the soil.
Old papers that are badly soiled should he burned, but all others should be kept for use in cleaning the stove, starting the fires, etc. Empty cans should be well washed and buried, so that they will not prove a breeding-place for flies. It is well to pierce them through the bottom immediately after opening them, so that they will not hold water. Dish-water should he emptied at some distance from the house, unless there is a drain nearby. All receptacles that hold water should be carefully emptied, and all depressions in the soil should be tilled, in order to prevent mosquitoes from breeding. All waste water should he used on the garden.
Protection of the water supply.—Only the water from deep wells should be used for drinking purposes, because all surface water and water in shallow wells becomes dangerous through seepage from compost, pig-pens, privies, and other places where decayed organic matter may accumulate. In order that the water may be kept clean, the well must he supplied with a tight-fitting top %Odell need not he opened and a metal pump to bring up the water. A well platform that allows the water spilled on it to run back into the well is unsafe, for any filth carried on the platform in any way will be washed directly into it. Rats, mice, and other animals get into the well if the top is nut tight, and these, in addition to being unpleasant. are liable to introduce disease germs.
Simple disinfectants.-Sunshine and fresh air are nature's disinfectants and should be freely admitted to every part of the house. Windows should be left open whenever possible. The windows in the sleeping rooms should always be opened at night. The interior of the Louse should be kept perfectly dry. Decay does not easily take place in dry places. A damp cellar should be drained. and the grounds around the house should not be allowed to drain into the cellar. Coarse coal ashes should be used to fill in around the house, on the walks, etc., to help in scouring thorough drainage. Wood ashes may be used as a simple disinfectant to cover decayed organic matter. Whitewash is a good disinfectant and should he frequently used both inside and outside the house and on all out-buildings. Kerosine and creosote also make good dis- infectants.
Care of out-of-door closets.—The privy should be so arranged that it may be cleaned often and all excreta disposed of in a safe way. The building should he so constructed that there will be no cracks for the admission of flies. In a poorly constructed building, old paper can be pasted over the cracks, to make the structure fly-proof. Dry earth. street dust, or lime should he frequently sprinkled over the excreta, and the seat should be closed to prevent the entrance of flies or mosquitoes. The seat should he washed frequently, and both the seat and the floor scrubbed at least once a week,
It will be well to teach this lesson at a time when improvements are necessary in the care of the school-house. house. The discussions in regard to ont-of-door closets will, of course be taken when the girls are alone with the teacher.
METHOD OF WORK
Discuss the disposal of waste, the care of garbage, etc., in the home and the school. Talk over the care of waste from the school lunch and discuss method of keeping the school in a sanitary condition. Follow this by a general cleaning of the school-house.
Household Science in Rural Schools:
Arrangement And Care Of The Kitchen
Care Of Cupboards And Utensils
Care Of Foods
Disposal Of Waste
Setting And Clearing The Table
Waiting On Table
General Cleaning Of A Room
Care Of The Bedroom
Care Of Lamps
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