Care Of Cupboards And Utensils
( Originally Published 1918 )
It is of the utmost importance that cupboards and other places where food is stored should be kept free from dirt and scraps of food. Ants, cockroaches, mice, and other pests infest dirty places where food is kept, and render a house unfit for human habitation. It requires constant care and watchfulness on the part of the house-wife to keep the cupboards clean. She must look over the shelves daily, wiping them off whenever they need it, and giving them a thorough cleaning at least once a week.
The housekeeper should know how to care for the various utensil used and understand the simplest and best methods of keeping them clean. Utensils should never he put in the cupboards until perfectly clean and dry. Particular attention should he paid to the care of milk vessels.
Pans, pails, pitchers, or bottles in which milk has been kept, should be rinsed in cold water, washed in strong, clean soap-suds, rinsed in clean, boiling water, and dried in the sun. If utensils have become discoloured or badly coated, they should he specially scoured. If something has been burned in a kettle, the kettle should be cleaned by filling with cold water, adding washing-soda, and boiling briskly for half an hour ; after that a slight scraping ought to remove the burned portion. If the kettle is not yet clean, the process should be repeated. If a kettle has been used directly over a wood fire and becomes blackened with soot, it should be rubbed off with a newspaper and then with an old cloth. Kettles should he dried well before being put. away. Willi proper care they seldom become rusty. If an iron kettle has rusted, it should he rubbed with kerosene and ashes, then washed in strong, hot, soda-water, rinsed in clear hot water, and dried on the stove, If a kettle is very rusty, it should be covered thoroughly with some sort of grease, sprinkled with lime, and left overnight. In the morning it should be washed out with hot soda-water and rinsed in clear, hot water. A new kettle is generally rusty, and should he greased thoroughly inside and out and allowed to stand for two days; then washed in hot soda-water.
Bath-brick should be used for scouring iron utensils and steel knives and forks, If iron pots and frying-pans are scrubbed with a piece of Lath-brick each time they are used and then washed in hot soap-suds, they can be kept in good condition. Tinware and steel knives and forks may be cleaned by scouring with ashes, but only fine ashes should he used on tinware. The brown stains on granite utensils should he scoured off ; and this ware should he carefully handled, in order to avoid chipping. Coffee-pots and tea-pots should be cleaned daily, the grounds removed, and the interior of the pots washed out thoroughly. The tea-kettle should he washed and dried overnight and left uncovered to air.
If schooI lunches are served or cooking lessons are given at the school, it will he well to use this lesson to get the cupboards in readiness. If it is impossible to do this at school. arrange to have such a lesson in one of the bornes outside of school hours. Be sure that the housekeeper is in sympathy with the work and is willing to cooperate.
METHOD OF WORK
Assign each pupil a task in the cleaning, the scouring of the dishes, and the arrangement of the cupboard. Set a definite amount to be. done and carry out the plans, leaving a Clean and neatly arranged clipboard at the end of the lesson.
Household Science in Rural Schools:
Arrangement And Care Of The Kitchen
Care Of Cupboards And Utensils
Care Of Foods
Disposal Of Waste
Setting And Clearing The Table
Waiting On Table
General Cleaning Of A Room
Care Of The Bedroom
Care Of Lamps
Read More Articles About: Household Science in Rural Schools