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Removing Stains, Bleaching Fabrics, And Setting Colours

( Originally Published 1918 )

As garments and household linens are apt to become stained and thus lose their attractiveness, it is well to know the remedies for the most common stains and the principle upon which their removal depends. All stains should be removed as soon as possible. Boiling water will loosen and remove coffee, tea, and fresh fruit stains. The stained spot should be held over a bowl, and the water should be poured upon it with some force. Cold water will remove stains made by blood or meat juice. Soaking will help in the removal of blood stains. 'lust stains may be removed by wetting the stained spot with lemon juice, covering it with salt, and placing the stained fabric in the sun. Stains from stove blacking, paint, and grass may be removed by soaking in kerosene and washing well with soap and water. Ink stains may be removed by soaking in water, removing as much of the stain as possible, and then soaking in milk. Stains from cream and other forms of grease may be washed out in cold water, followed by warm water and soap.

White cotton and white linen materials may be bleached by exposure to the sunshine while still damp. If they are left out overnight. the bleaching process is made effective by the moisture furnished by dew or frost. A stream of steam from the tea-kettle may also help in the bleaching process.

Some colours are set by the addition of a small amount of acid to the first water in which they are soaked, while others are set by the use of salt. It is necessary to try a small amount of the material before dipping in the entire garment, in order to be sure of satisfactory results. Vinegar should he used for blues, one-half cup to one gallon of water. Salt. is most effective for browns, blacks, and pinks. In most oases, two cups of salt to one gallon of cold water will be sufficient.

PRELIMINARY PLAN

The towels used for drying dishes or the linen used for some school entertainment may have become stained with coffee, fruit, or some other substance. Make this the basis of a lesson, and let the pupils bring from home other things which are stained. Each pupil should have an article on which to practise. This lesson should be preliminary to the lesson on laundry work.

METHOD OF WORK

Examine the various articles from which stains are to be removed. Discuss the method of removal, and let each pupil work at her own stain until it is as nearly removed as possible.

Removing stains from clothing and fabrics
Removing Stains: The Basics
The Care Of Textiles
Stain Removal Recipes
Stain Removers

Household Science in Rural Schools:
Prevention Of Pests

Removing Stains, Bleaching Fabrics, And Setting Colours

Washing Dish Towels, Aprons, Etc.

Ironing

Care Of The Baby

Cost Of Food, Clothing, And House

How To Keep Accounts

Care Of The Exterior Of The House

Discussion Of Foods And Cooking

Preparing And Serving Vegetables

Read More Articles About: Household Science in Rural Schools



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