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White-tailed Ptarmigan
The smallest, as well as one of the handsomest and most distinct, species is the White-tailed Ptarmigan (L. leucurus) of the Alpine summits of the Rocky Mountains from Alaska to New Mexico and west to the higher mountains of Oregon and Washington.
Red Grouse
The remaining member of this genus that we shall consider is the very distinct Red Grouse (L. scoticus) of Great Britain, which has the distinction of being the only species of bird confined to the British Islands.
Black Grouse
Of the remaining genera of Grouse none have the toes feathered, but instead all have the sides of the toes pectinated in winter, with the points deciduous in summer.
Capercaillies
Also confined to the Old World are the Capercaillies (Tetrao), of which four species and a number of hybrids are known.
Dusky, Sooty, And Richardson's Grouse
Coming to North America, we find several fine Grouse belonging to the genus Dendragapus, which comprises a single species with four subspecies.
Canada And Franklin's Grouse
The two species which belong to the related genus Canachites differ from the preceding in the absence of the dilatable air-sac on the side of the neck and in having only sixteen feathers in the much shorter tail.
Prairie Hens And Heath Hen
Passing over the Sharp-winged Grouse (Falcipennis falcipennis) of northeastern Asia, which resembles the Canada Grouse but differs in having the outer flight-feathers narrowed and sickle-shaped...
The Heath Hen
(T. cupido), the only remaining species, was formerly found in southern New England, Pennsylvania, Virginia, etc., but is now entirely confined to the island of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, and within an area of forty square miles.
Sharp-tailed And Sage Grouse
Also distinctly American are the Sharp-tailed Grouse (Pediocates), so called from the fact that the tail is graduated with the middle pair of feathers projecting much beyond the others...
The Ruffed Grouse
(Bonasa umbellus) is one of the best known and most highly prized of American game birds, and the single polymorphous species...
The Hazel Hens
(Tetrastes), of which four forms are recognized, are smaller birds than the Ruffed Grouse, none of them exceeding fourteen inches in length, and, as already stated, they are without the frilled ruff on the sides of the neck.
American Partridges And Quails
The second of the minor groups into which the subfamily Tetraonince may be separated is characterized by having the tarsi and nostrils entirely naked, as well as by the absence of pectinations on the sides of the toes and the generally smaller size.
Wood Grouse
Before passing to the more important members of this group we may mention briefly the Wood Grouse, or Long-tailed Partridges (Dendrortyx), of which some six or seven forms are known, ranging through Mexico to Costa Rica.
Scaled Partridges
In all the remaining members of this group the tail is decidedly shorter than the wing, although in the first genus to be considered (Callipepla) it is rather more than two thirds the length of the wing.
Plumed Or Mountain Partridges
Characterized by a tail of twelve feathers and a conspicuous crest of long black feathers are the Plumed or Mountain Partridges (Oreortyx), of which two or three well-marked forms are known, all of the extreme Western States.
California Quail And Relatives
Another and larger genus of crested Quails is Lophortyx, the six or seven forms of which are distributed from Washington through Oregon, California, and well into western Mexico.
Crested Quails
In various of the Central American states as well as on near-lying islands are the Crested Quails (Eupsychortyx), a genus of some eight or nine handsome little birds with very distinctly crested heads.
Bob White
Undoubtedly the most abundantly distributed and generally well-known American game bird is the Bob-white, the typical form of which is widely dispersed over the United States east of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, from the Gulf States to southern New England, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Texas, and is said to be gradually extending its range toward the west.
Massena Partridge
Of the remaining genera but one (Cyrtonyx) is represented in the United States, and this by a single subspecies, the Massena Partridge (C. montezumce mearnsi)...
Snow Partridges, Pheasant-grouse, And Snow Cocks
The first of these that we may consider are the Snow Partridges and Snow Cocks of western Asia. In the Snow Partridge (Lerwa lerwa)...
Red-legged Partridges
Quite different are the Red-legged Partridges (Caccabis), which to the number of eight or nine species range from western and southern Europe to eastern Asia.
Francolins
Passing over the little Seesee Partridges (Ammoperdix), the three species of which are known from the last by their smaller size and twelve-feathered tail, we come to the large genus of Francolins (Francolinus)...
True Partridges
The true Partridges ( Perdix) of the Old World are known from the preceding genera by possessing sixteen or eighteen feathers in the tail, feet without spurs, and a similar or nearly similar plumage for both sexes.
Bush Quails
Quite distinct are the little Bush Quails of the Indian peninsula and adjacent regions, none of which exceeds seven inches in length...
The Tree Partridges
(Arboricola), so named from their affecting more or less dense forests and often perching on trees, are natives of southern Asia and adjacent islands, being distinguished among other things by a tail of fourteen feathers which is less than half the length of the wing.
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