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Peruvian Flightless Grebe
Lake Titicaca, in southern Peru, is the exclusive home of a curious flightless Grebe (Centropelma micropterum).
Great Crested Grebe
With the bill about as long as the head, and the wing more than six inches in length, are the three species of the genus Lophaetlhyia, one of which, the Great Crested Grebe (L. Cristata), is of nearly cosmopolitan distribution, ranging from Europe and northern Asia to Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.
Pied-billed Grebe
Passing over the genus AEchmophorus, which embraces a single New World form, we come to the final genus, which contains only the Pied-billed Grebe, Helldiver, or Water-witch (Podilymbus podiceps), as it is variously called.
The Albatrosses And Petrels
OF the very few large groups of birds that may be diagnosed by a single character, the present forms a notable example, since all of its members agree in possessing tubular external nostrils, whence they are often and appropriately called the Tubinares, or Tube-nosed Swimmers.
The Albatrosses
To those who go down to the sea in ships one of the marvels is the wonderful power of flight enjoyed by the Albatrosses.
The Petrels
The Petrels take their name from the fact that they often appear to walk on the surface of the water, as the Apostle Peter is said to have done, the word being derived from the Latin petrellus, meaning literally little Peter.
The present family is often divided into a number of more or less well marked subfamilies, the first of which (the Fulmarinae) embraces the Fulmars and their immediate allies, and of which the Giant Fulmar, or Cape Hen (Macronectes gigantea), maybe taken as the type.
Cape Petrel
The little Pintado, Cape Petrel (Daption capensis), or Cape Pigeon as it is perhaps most frequently called, from its superficial resemblance to a Pigeon, is by many placed next the Fulmars.
Dove Petrels
The final members of this subfamily are the little Dove Petrels (Prion), of which some four species are recognized; all are inhabitants of the southern oceans.
A large and somewhat varied group of birds known as Shearwaters comprises principally the second subfamily (Puffininae), deriving their popular name from their habit of gliding along very close to the surface of the water, and their scientific designation from the mistaken notion that they were Puffins.
Black-capped Petrel
Passing over several smaller genera, we come to another large genus of Petrels (AEstrelata), the members of which are rather closely allied to the Shearwaters, but from which they differ in having a shorter and stouter bill...
Bulwer's Petrel
The final member of this subfamily to be noticed is Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulweri) of the temperate North Atlantic and Pacific oceans, which differs from the last by its longer, more graduated tail, less compressed bill, and smaller feet.
Stormy Petrels
Perhaps the most interesting of all the Petrels, or at least those about which there clusters the most of poetry and superstition, are the little Stormy Petrels (Procellaria), which may be taken as the type of the sub-family Procellariinae.
Least Petrel
Very closely related is the Least Petrel (Halocyptena micro-soma), found along the Pacific coast from Lower California to Panama, the sole representative of its genus.
Leach's Petrel
Also closely allied are the numerous species of Oceanodroma, which differ mainly by their larger size, distinctly forked tails, and the tarsus shorter rather than longer than the middle toe and claw.
Wilson's Petrel
A little larger than the Stormy Petrel, and often confused with it under the name of Mother Carey's Chicken, is the Wilson's Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus)...
Closely allied is the pretty little Petrel known as the Sea-nymph (Garrodia nereis), which is found in the Southern Ocean from Kerguelen Island to New Zealand and the Falkland Islands, and is the only member of its genus.
White-faced Petrel
Another handsome bird is the White-faced Petrel (Pelagodroma marina), also of the southern seas.
The Diving Petrels
While the Albatrosses and Petrels thus far considered are probably all able to rest upon the water, very few of them are able or at least accustomed to dive beneath the surface.
The Stork-like Birds
THE general appropriateness of associating most of the birds of this order under the name of Stork-like birds will be appreciated at a glance, for the majority of them have the long legs, long, slender neck, and elongated bills broadly characteristic of the Storks...
The Tropic Birds
The Tropic-birds, or boatswains, as they are often called by the sailors, number six or seven forms, some of which are occasionally found in the United States.
The Pelicans
The next family in order comprises the curious and interesting Pelicans. They are, as is well known, birds of large size, ranging in length from about fifty to some seventy-two inches.
Brown Pelican
The following account of the manner of feeding of the Brown Pelican (P. occidentalis) is from the pen of Dr. Brewer: Birds of this species are said to feed chiefly during the rising tide, wandering in extended trains along the shore, and diving occasionally, one after the other, when they meet with a shoal of fish.
The Cormorants
This family is by far the largest of the order, containing, in fact, a greater number of species than all the others combined.
Harris's Cormorant
In 1898 a remarkable flightless Cormorant (Phalacrocorax or Nannopterum harrisi) was described from the Galapagos Islands.
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