Pitcher Plant Family
Water Lily Family
Water Plantian Family
Read More Articles About: Wildflower Families
( Originally Published 1908 )
THE Mint family includes a large number of herbaceous plants which are characterized by their square stems and their simple, opposite leaves, which nearly always have aromatic and distinctive odors. The petals are united into a two-lipped corolla, to the inside of which are attached the two or four stamens. The stigma is two-lobed and the ovary is deeply cleft in two parts.
A number of common plants, which are not especially attractive as wild flowers but which are interesting and generally well known, belong to this family. Among these are the Catnip, Gill-over-the-ground, Motherwort, Oswego Tea, Pennyroyal, Peppermint, Spearmint, Wild Thyme, and Wild Bergamot.
SELF-HEAL. From early in summer until late in autumn the blue-purple flowers of the Self-heal or Heal-all are found everywhere. This plant from across the sea is splendidly equipped for the struggle for existence which all plants must undergo. It can grow in sunlight or in shadow, spreading from place to place by means of horizontal stems that take root readily, and developing great numbers of small seeds from its heads of clustered flowers, which appear to be especially adapted to receiving the visits of bumble-bees. The worker bees may be found upon the flowers at almost any time, going rapidly over a head and then flying quickly to another not far away. The anthers in the upper part of the corolla dust pollen upon the head of the visiting bee and this pollen is carried from flower to flower with surprising rapidity. In early times this plant was largely used for curing diseases, a fact to which its common name is due.