The Art Of Make-Up:
Evolution Of "make-up"
What Is "make-up?"
Individuality Submerged In A Clever "make-up"
Application And Removal Of "make-up"
In The Dressing Room
Optical Influence And Delusion Through Lighting Effects
The Make-up Box
Beards And Mustaches
Read More Articles About: The Art Of Make-Up
( Originally Published Early 1900's )
One's own hair serves much better than a wig. This applies especially to the ladies, who should study all the possible ways of hairdressing from the most antique to the present times. Visiting art galleries and making mental sketches from the pictures of masters will be a great help in solving the hairdressing problem.
The color of the hair can be changed with the aid of mascharo applied with a comb and brush. White powder is very often used in making gray hair, but this is less advisable than the use of mascharo, which also should be used for the whiskers and beards of men. To render the hair brilliant and shiny, vaseline is preferable to all sorts of brilliantines, as a great many of them are harmful.
Hygiene of the Hair.—When wearing a wig, it is necessary to remove it during the intermissions, thereby giving the necessary ventilation to the hair.
Washing the head frequently is very hygienic, but not always practicable or possible, especially for the lady singer. However, singers should never go out into the open air immediately after having washed the hair, thus avoiding possible colds and catarrhs.
Combs and brushes that are used for wigs should not be used for the natural hair.
When curly hair is desired, avoid as much as possible the use of hot irons. It is preferable to curl the hair the night before by the use of the well-known "papillons."
Extreme cleanliness must be maintained at all times in the apparatus used for the care of the hair.
The Wig.—When ordering a wig care must be taken in selecting one exactly adapted to the character. Naturally, the actor must visualize the type he is going to represent, a id therefore must be guided by his imagination, and, if possible, he should sketch his idea to th wigmaker, always bearing in mind (imagining) the changes the wig will produce in his face.
A rich, bushy wig will enlarge the appearance of the face.
A small, close-cut wig will give the appear-ance of thinness to the face.
A high-dressed wig will increase the height; a closely-brushed-to-the-head wig, will make you look smaller.
A blonde wig makes the wearer appear younger, and a brunette wig makes one look older.
Some time ago, a celebrated German house was conducting a mail-order business in wigs. But measuring one's self and describing the characteristics in an amateurish way does not give satisfactory results. Therefore, when ordering a wig, it is advisable not to waste time and money in experiments, but to go to the best possible theatrical wigmaker, because measurements must be taken with minute preciseness and the color of the hair must be personally selected.
Ladies should plan on using one wig for several parts, adjusting the hair and redressing it. In so doing, time and space in their trunks can be saved.
From a hygienic point of view, the wig should not be heavy.
Wigs should be dressed by theatrical wig-makers who are specialists in this line.
The wig must be well pulled down in the back so as to cover all the hair. When a little of your hair appears from underneath the wig, cover it with mascharo or grease paint.
It is not advisable to use hired wigs. You never know who may have used them before you. Certainly you would not wear some one else's underwear, so why should you wear i wig that has been worn by others?
Half wigs and toupees are mad,. for bald people. Their color should match one's own hair. However, they are used very little on the stage.
How to Put on and Remove a Wig-The back of the wig is the part that regulates its putting on. Hold it in both hands (by the back), apply the front at the place where it eventually comes in contact with the skin, and p ill it down gently, always from the back.