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The Study Of Literature
English Literature Of The 19th Century:
 Thomas Babington Macaulay

 Thomas Carlyle

 Theological Writers

 Scientific Literature Of The Early Victorian Period

 Charles Robert Darwin

 Thomas Henry Huxley

 John Tyndall

 Periodical Literature And Criticism

 Matthew Arnold

 John Ruskin

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Thomas Henry Huxley

( Originally Published Early 1900's )

Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895) was not only a scientist, but a ready writer on many topics. He was born at Ealing, studied medicine, and became a doctor in the navy. While off the coast of Australia natural history occupied much of his time, and his discoveries procured for him admission to the Royal Society on his return in 1851. He then began to lecture at the Royal School of Mines, and soon became one of the directors of the official side of scientific life in London. Already noted as a comparative anatomist, paleontologist and microscopist, he became an ardent defender of Darwinism. He wrote for the London Times its review of the "Origin of Species." His own work on this question is "Man's Place in Nature" (1863). Visiting the United States in 1876, he lectured on evolution, and on his return published his "American Addresses." One of his noted works was "The Crayfish" (1877), commended as a model scientific treatise. In 188o Huxley was appointed inspector of fisheries, but five years later he retired on account of ill health. In 1883 he had been made president of the Royal Society, and in 1892 a member of the Privy Council. Throughout his career he took an interest in philosophical discussion, as was shown in his treatises on Descartes and Hume. At its close he stated his main object to have been "to promote the application of scientific methods of investigation to all the problems of life." Believing that knowledge of God is beyond the reach of man, he opposed theological speculation, and, objecting to the name "skeptic" (doubter), he invented the term "agnostic" (one who does not know) to indicate his position. His "Essays" were collected in nine volumes in 1894. After his death in June, 1895, his scientific publications were collected in four volumes.

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