Ceremonies Of The Treaty With The Cherokees
( Originally Published Late 1800's )
Cannacaughte of Chotte, the head of the nation, having the pre-ceding day, the 1st of July, summoned a council in his camp of all the headmen, acquainted them that as the business to be transacted the ensuing day was of great importance, it was proper that some person should be appointed who might do it with distinctness and in a way suitable to the solemnity of the act to be done ; that he him-self had never been accustomed to speak to white people : besides, that he now grew old, and perceived that he was still disordered by the fatigue of his journey (from their own lands) and could not do it either to his own satisfaction or the credit of his country ; he there-fore proposed that some fit person should be immediately named ; and accordingly Chulochcullah was elected, and received instructions how to behave and what to say. The same day he waited on the governor, and acquainted him with his appointment, and that he would punctually follow the instructions he had received. On Wednesday, July 2, Cannacaughte the chief, and the other Indians, arrived at the camp, which lay at three miles distance, and were received by the Governor as usual ; and his excellency and Cannaeaughte being seated under an arbour, all the headmen and head warriors and Indians, to the number of 506, sitting all round on the ground under trees, Chulochcullan, the speaker, rose up, and holding a bow in one hand and a shaft of arrows in the other, he delivered himself in the following words : "What I am now to speak, our father the Great King George should hear. We are now brothers with the people of Carolina, and one house covers us all : the great king is our common father." At this time a little Indian child was brought to him, whom he presented to the governor, with these words: "We, our wives, and all our children, are the children of the great King George, and his subjects. He is our king, our head, and father ; and we will obey him as such. I bring this little child, that when he grows up he may remember what is now agreed to, and that he may tell it to the next generation, that so it may be handed down from one generation to another for ever."
The Indian then opening a small leathern bag, in which was contained some earth, laid the same at his excellency's feet, adding, " That they gave all their lands to the King of Great Britain ; and as a token of it, they desired that this parcel of earth might be sent to the king, for they acknowledged him to be the owner of all their lands and waters." His excellency accepted the same, and promised that it should be sent to him.
The Indian then opened another small bag of leather, filled with parched corn-flour, and said, " That, as a testimony that they not only delivered their lands, but all that belonged to them, to be the king's property, they gave the governor what was contained in that small bag, desiring that it might be sent also to the great King George."
The Indian, then delivering a bow and arrows to the governor, in token of their obedience, desired " That he would acquaint the king their father that there was little or nothing that they could make : the bow and arrows which they delivered, to be laid at the great king's feet, were all the arms they could make for their defence ; they therefore hoped that he would pity the condition of his children, and send them arms and ammunition to defend them against his and their enemies; and they hoped their elder brother, the governor, would• soon acquaint their father with it." . . . The Indian then, taking out some strings of white wampum, delivered the same to the governor, in confirmation of all that had passed; and said, " That their speech was now near an end; that though he had delivered it, and was the mouth of the nation, yet that every word he had spoken, and all that he had done, had been agreed upon at a general meeting and consultation of the headmen ; that he had delivered it in their presence and hearing ; and he hoped that he had executed the trust that they had reposed in him to their satisfaction." To which they unanimously and with one' voice assented.