Roses - New Introductions And Special Classes
( Originally Published 1914 )
IT is better to keep new roses entirely separate from the main lists of varieties which have been thoroughly tested. Occasionally a new rose shows enough value to stamp it at once as worth while, but the vast majority are worthless. The ones which are mentioned hereafter are treated most conservatively, yet some have stood out as possessing merit, and others cannot yet be eliminated. Any one who plants untried varieties will find that, with few exceptions, they will not be worth cultivation.
ADMIRAL WARD; Hybrid Tea; Pernet-Ducher, 1915. Crimson red, shaded with fiery red and velvety purple. Named after the well-known rosarian. Beautiful color and form, and undoubtedly will be a fine collector's rose. Has not yet shown sufficient growth or blooming qualities to be included in the best of the reds.
CHEERFUL; Hybrid Tea; McGredy & Son 1915. Pure orange flame, with distinct orange yellow base. Attractive color; fair growth and foliage. Worth watching.
CLEVELAND; Hybrid Tea; Hugh Dickson, 1916. Coppery yellow at base of petals, which are heavily flushed reddish copper on old rose. Beautiful color; quite good form; mild fragrance; only shows fair growth. Tested for one year, and cannot yet be classed in the list of dependable varieties.
COMTESSE DE RAFELIS ST, SAUVEUR; Hybrid Tea; Leenders
1916. Reddish orange shaded coral red. Shows good growth; good foliage; good blooming qualities; undoubtedly only a decorative rose; semi-double, being little better than single; rather an attractive color.
GOLDEN MEYER; Hybrid Tea; Paul & Son, 1915. Golden yellow. Good light-colored rose; not yet showing enough growth to be seriously considered.
GORGEOUS; Hybrid Tea; Hugh Dickson, 1915. Deep orange yellow, heavily veined with reddish copper. Unique and beautiful color; fair form; hardy; has not shown enough merit to warrant its inclusion in the lists and cannot yet be recommended except for collectors.
HADLEY; Hybrid Tea; Waban Conservatories, 1914. Bright red. Growth only fair; foliage quite good. Color distinct; attractive bloom in the spring; small bloom in summer. Needs time to become established. Worthy of a further test.
HOOSIER BEAUTY; Hybrid Tea; Dorner, 1915. Glowing crimson with darker shadings. A remarkable color, but so far growth and blooming qualities below the average.
IMOGEN; Hybrid Tea; Paul & Son, 1915. Orange yellow in center, shading towards the outside to pale yellow and creamy white. Very attractive yellow rose; beautiful form; doing fairly well for the first year, although cannot yet be considered more than a collector's rose.
LOS ANGELES; Hybrid Tea; Howard & Smith, 1916. Flame pink shaded to yellow, toned with salmon. A cross between Madame
Segond Weber and Lyon, the color being much on the order of Lyon. Undoubtedly most promising, but not yet thoroughly tested. Mr. McFarland, of Harrisburg, reports that it gives splendid growth outside and good bloom. Mr. Eisele, of Dreer's, is most enthusiastic about this rose, and considers it a particularly fine bedding variety.
MADAME COLETTE MARTINET; Hybrid Tea; Pernet-Ducher, 1915. Beautiful old gold yellow, shaded with orange yellow, golden yellow bud. A case in point of the danger of recommending a new rose—considered promising in 1915 on account of its most attractive color, good foliage and fair growth. Has not improved during the past season and can only be considered as a collector's rose.
MADAME MARCEL DELANNEY; Hybrid Tea; Leenders, 1916. Pale pink or soft rose, shaded with hydrangea pink. A rose planted in January, 1916, which has shown good growth, very good foliage fine long stems, beautiful color and good perfume. Not a profuse bloomer, but has done remarkably well for the short time tested. Undoubtedly a wonderful rose for cut blooms, and a possibility of its being a good all-round rose.
MARCELLA; Hybrid Tea; Paul & Son, 1913. Buds buff, opening flower salmon flesh. A wonderful bloom when you get it. Of most attractive coloring, but of extremely poor growth and useful only to collectors.
MELANIE NIEDIECK; Hybrid Tea; Leenders, 1916. Vivid lemon yellow. Showing really remarkable growth for the first year. Re-ported by Bobbink & Atkins, of Rutherford, N. J., to be one of the best new roses on the Multiflora with them. Good foliage which holds well. The bloom is medium, of attractive color in the bud, which, however, is not of the best form, and the color fades quickly. A good bloomer, and while having a good stem, will never be one of the best cut flowers as it does not last.
MRS. BERTRAM J. WALKER; Hybrid Tea; Hugh Dickson, 1915. Clear bright cerise pink. Of attractive color, but has not grown well for the. first year; loses its foliage, and gives practically no fall bloom. Undoubtedly only a collector's rose.
MRS. FRANKLIN DENNISON; Hybrid Tea; McGredy, 1915. Porcelain white, veiled primrose yellow deepening to ochre at the base. Showing good growth for the first year; attractive coloring, but with only fair foliage. A rose worth watching.
MRS. GEORGE GORDON; Hybrid Tea; Hugh Dickson, 1915. Bright rosy pink, flushed silvery pink at the edges of the petals. Good growth and good blooming qualities; fair foliage; semi-double and fades quickly. Needs to be tested further.
MRS. HUGH DICKSON; Hybrid Tea; Hugh Dickson, 1915. Deep cream with heavy suffusion of orange and apricot. A rose which has not shown up well, but which is attractive in color and foliage. Worthy only of a place in large collections.
MRS. MACKELLAR; Hybrid Tea; Alex. Dickson & Sons 1915. Solid deep citron or delicate pure canary, passing to pearly primrose. A rose of perfect form in bud; somewhat shy in petals and does not open as well as the best; foliage holds well; the color is clear and attractive. Undoubtedly a variety which will need consideration in a short time if its improvement continues.
MRS. MONA HUNTING; Hybrid Tea; Hugh Dickson, 1916. Deep chamois yellow, opening to pure fawn. A very attractive color; fair form with a good stem. Will probably not give enough growth to be included in the list, but is promising as a collector's rose.
MURIEL DIckson; Pernetiana; Hugh Dickson, 1915. Deep reddish copper in the bud state, paling with age to cherry red with coppery shadings. Of wonderful color, but very weak growth; three plants out of four died during the past winter. When established, however, it may prove to be hardy.
NATIONAL EMBLEM; Hybrid Tea; McGredy Sr Son, 1915. Dark crimson, overlaid velvety crimson shading to vermilion towards the edges. A rose of beautiful and distinct color, and fine form for a red; good foliage and fair growth for the first year, combined with hardiness. This rose may go a great deal further.
Nellie PARKER; Hybrid Tea; Hugh Dickson, 1916. Pale creamy white, with deeper cream center. Shows fair growth for the first season; good form; some fragrance; of medium size; usually having a good stem.
PANAMA; Hybrid Tea; J. Cook, 1916. Rich peachy pink, inside of petals creamy white. A rose well spoken of, but not yet thoroughly tested outside and therefore cannot be recommended as an all-round rose. Plants tested by J. N. Richardson, Baltimore, planted May, 1916, gave twenty-six blooms throughout the season.
PRINCE CHARMING; Hybrid Tea; Hugh Dickson, 1916. Deep reddish copper, with old gold base. Semi-double of attractive color, with lasting qualities. Showing enough growth the first year to make it worth while considering further. Promises to be a good bedding variety.
QUEEN OF FRAGRANCE; Hybrid Tea; Paul & Son, 1915. Shell-pink tipped with silver. Hardy; shows good growth for the first year; fair in form, attractive in color. Evidently will not be a wonderful bloomer. Bears out the promise of its name to a great extent. Not sufficiently tested to be recommended for everyone.
RED RADIANCE; Hybrid Tea; As the name implies, a sport from the well-known pink rose, with more fragrance than the mother plant, and of attractive color. Not yet thoroughly tested outside, but from reports a rose worthy of cultivation.
SOUVENIR OF HENRY GRAHAM; Hybrid Tea; Alex. Dickson & Sons, 1915. Faintly blushed carmine on pearly delicate cream. Fair growth; foliage holds, but mildews. An attractive rose and worth watching.
TIPPERARY; Hybrid Tea; McGredy & Son, 1916. The color is midway between Lady Hillingdon and Melody. Color trifle less deep than Hillingdon, here a nice light yellow. Medium size; good foliage, fair perfume. Shows fair growth, but with Dr. Belville, of Germantown, shows good strong growth. During 1916 gave thirty-five blooms from dormant spring planting. Evidently will be quite a bloomer, and one of the most promising of the new varieties.
TITANIA; China; Paul & Son, 1915. Coppery crimson in the bud, changing as the flowers open to deep salmon red, the base of the petals being shaded with clear yellow. Very much the color of Daily Mail, although a trifle lighter, having better growth the first year, and more petals. Has been perfectly hardy, and is going to be a fine bloomer, with plenty of fall bloom. Medium to fair size, only a trace of fragrance. Promises to be a fine bedding variety.
Where the temperature goes well below zero for considerable periods, only the hardiest of roses will live through the winter, and in the very coldest sections some of these hardy classes must have winter protection. For such districts Hybrid Perpetuals for cut flowers, Rugosas and Hybrid Rugosas for massing and hedges, Wichuraianas and their Hybrids, and a few other hardy climbers, are the ones recommended.
In such localities, owing to the shorter season of growth and cooler summers, Hybrid Perpetuals bloom for a longer period than farther south; Rugosas give flowers from July to September, and the Wichuraianas seem to prolong their beauty.
This class gives large beautiful flowers on long stalwart stems, most attractive as cut flowers; some varieties are fragrant; but we have no yellow Hybrid Perpetual of merit.
There is no perfectly hardy yellow rose for the extreme North which compares in form with the Hybrid Perpetuals. Harry Kirk is the hardiest of the good yellows, but not hardy enough to stand the extreme Northern winters. The old Austrian Briars are very hardy, but their flowers are single and they bloom only for a short period in the spring. It would seem that some of the recent introductions in Hybrid Austrian Briars (Pernetianas) might do well in this section. Perhaps the best to try would be Soleil d'Or, a cross between the old Persian Yellow and a Hybrid Perpetual. This rose does not kill back at all near Philadelphia. While not of perfect form, it is large and double, and of most attractive color; and has been added to the Hybrid Perpetual list. In addition, four Hybrid Teas with Hybrid Perpetual characteristics have been included.
The best of the Hybrid Perpetuals for fall bloom are: Captain Hayward, Frau Karl Druschki, Margaret Dickson, Mrs. John Laing, Paul Neyron, Oskar Cordel and Urania, although Frau Karl Druschki and Oskar Cordel are the only ones which may be depended upon.
The list given covers the best roses of the main shades, but the class contains over fifty well-known varieties.
BARONESS Rorthchild; Pernet, 1867.
CAPTAIN HAYWARD; Bennett, 1893.
Scarlet crimson. Perfumed.
FISHER HOLMES; E. Verdier, 1865.
Deep velvety crimson.
FRAU KARL Druschki I; Lambert, 1900.
Snow white, sometimes lightest pink blush at center.
GEOFFREY HENSLOW; Alex. Dickson & Sons, 1912.
Orange crimson; classed as a Hybrid Tea, but with Hybrid Perpetual characteristics. Sweet.
GEORGE ARENDS; Hinner, 1910.
Delicate rose. Scented.
GLOIRE DE CHEDANE GUINOISSEAU; Guinoisseau & Chedane, 1908. Bright vermilion red shaded velvet. Very large.
GLOIRE LYONNAISE; Guillot, 1884.
Very pale lemon; wonderful foliage, and except in the extreme North may be grown as a pillar or hedge rose; small to medium-sized flowers; never develops seed pods; classed as a Hybrid Tea, but with Hybrid Perpetual characteristics. Tea fragrance.
HON. INA BINGHAM; Alex. Dickson & Sons, 1905.
Silver pink; semi-double; classed as a Hybrid Tea, but with Hybrid Perpetual characteristics.
J. B. CLARK; Hugh Dickson, 1905.
Deep scarlet, shaded blackish crimson; classed as a Hybrid Tea, but with Hybrid Perpetual characteristics. Fragrant. MADAME GABRIEL LUIZET; Liabaud, 1877.
Light silvery pink.
MARGARET DICKSON; Alex. Dickson & Sons, 1891.
White, pale flesh center.
MERVEILLE DE LYON; Pernet, 1882. (Syn. White Baroness.) White, center slightly peach.
MRS. GEORGE DICKSON; Bennett, 1884.
Delicate soft pink. Do not confound with George Dickson. Fragrant.
MRS. JOHN LAING; Bennett, 1887.
Soft pink. Fragrant.
MRS. R. G. SHARMAN CRAWFORD; Alex. Dickson & Sons, 1894. Deep rosy pink—outer petals shaded with pale flesh. OSKAR CORDEL; Lambert, 1897.
Bright carmine. Sweet.
PAUL NEYRON; Levet, 1869. Deep rose.
PRINCE CAMILLE DE RORAN; E. Verdier, 1861.
Deepest velvety crimson; this variety has rather a weak stem. Fragrant.
SUZANNE MARIE RODOCANACHI; E. Verdier, 1880.
Catalogued as soft pink; in this country more of a cerise—very much the same shade as Dorothy Page Roberts. Fragrant. ULRICH BRUNNER; Levet, 1882.
Cherry crimson. Sweet.
URANIA; M. H. Walsh, 1914.
XAVIER OLIBO; Lacharme, 1864.
Very dark crimson; a shy bloomer.
SOLEIL D'OR; Pernetiana; J. Pernet-Ducher, 1900.
Orange yellow to reddish gold, shaded with nasturtium red.
The new yellow Hybrid Perpetual, Ludwig Moller, has been tested for one year, but, both inside and out, is an absolute failure.
In the Pacific Northwest, near Portland, the Hybrid Perpetuals give very much better bloom throughout a longer period than they do in the East. For example, Mr. Currey, of Portland, Oregon, re-ports sixty-five blooms on Druschki, as noted in the Main List; and on Ulrich Brunner he gives the following record : June, 24; July, 11; August, 9; September, 4; October, 10; Total, 58. Of course, in ordinary seasons there would be further bloom in November and possibly even later.
Hybrid Perpetuals should be pruned on the same principle as Hybrid Teas; cut back in the spring to six and eight eyes on the strong wood and a less number on the weak wood. The dead wood should be cut out and necessary thinning done. Plant from twenty-four to thirty inches apart. The roses in this class are generally budded on Manetti, although good results have been obtained on Multiflora, and many will do well on their own roots.
RUGOSAS AND THEIR HYBRIDS
The original Rugosas are from Japan and survive the long winters of the most northern of these islands, so that there is no question as to their great hardiness. They do very well by the sea, as they are strong enough to stand the heavy winter winds of the coast; they also thrive under hot, sandy conditions. The best of their Hybrids are extremely hardy, and after their bloom is over are attractive on account of the beautiful fruit which they bear.