( Originally Published 1924 )
A bottle of Javel water is an excellent preparation to have on hand for the removal of spots and stains. It is easily made by any one, and keeps indefinitely. Materials required are: one pound of washing soda, one quart of boiling water, one-half pound of chlorid of lime, two quarts of cold water.
To make: put the soda in an agate pan, add the boiling water. Mix the lime in cold water; let the mixture settle and pour the clear liquid into the dissolved soda. Put in colored bottles, as light affects the strength of the mixture.
To remove :
Blood stains—Soak in cold or tepid water. Ammonia may be added to warm (not hot) water, or Naphtha soap or Javel water to warm water, for materials that can be washed. If the article can not be washed, cover the spot with wet or dry uncooked laundry-starch; let it dry and brush off. Chloroform may also be used.
Chocolate or cocoa—Soak in cold water, or use borax and boiling water.
Coffee—Boiling water should be immediately poured through the material. If the stain has be come set, cover with borax and water: or glycerin and ammonia, and then wash out .the part soiled or, if desired, the whole article.
Glue—White vinegar, or acetic acid will dissolve.
Fruit—For most fruit stains, pouring boiling water through the stain is all that will be required. The following may also prove effective in very stub-born cases: Ammonia solution (not too strong) ; peroxid of hydrogen solution ; Javel water with boiling water in equal quantities, rinse in boiling water.
Grass Use cold water without soap, or rub with molasses and let stand a few minutes. Kerosene is good, and so are naphtha soap, alcohol, acid or ammonia, or peroxid.
Grease—There are two ways of removing grease, one by absorbing and the other by dissolving the grease. For materials not washable, absorb by using magnesia, fullers' earth, starch, or French chalk. Cover the spot with the powder, being sure to have a blotting-paper underneath the material and one over the powder ; place a warm iron on top, and the grease will be drawn into the powder. After removing the powder, brush thoroughly.
For dissolving, gasoline, ether, alcohol, or chloroform may be used. Place a soft blotting-paper under the spot and apply the dissolving agent with a soft cloth,, rubbing lightly to hasten the dissolving process and to prevent the grease from settling in the edges. Always brush out all dust before attempting to remove spots, as the dust is likely to form a dark ring.
For washable materials, use Naphtha soap and cold water after softening with fat or turpentine. Soak vaseline spots in kerosene before washing. Soak automobile grease with gasoline before washing.
Ink—Use water, if the spot is fresh, or use sour milk after twenty-four hours. Salt, lemon-juice, and sunshine are good. Oxalic acid and Javel water may be applied a few drops at a time; first one, then the other, until the spot disappears. For red ink, use cold water followed by ammonia, or Javel water.
Iron rust—Wet with lemon-juice, or use salt and sunshine, or use hydrochloric acid or oxalic acid. Javel water is also good.
Iodin stains—Wash out immediately with cold water, or sponge with chloroform.
Mildew—Remove with lemon-juice and sunshine, or use Javel water.
Milk or cream—Rinse out with cold water, fol-lowed by soap and cold water.
Paint, Tar, or Varnish—Try any one of these remedies—kerosene, turpentine, benzin, gasoline, or wood-alcohol. If dry, soften with fat or soak in benzin and then wash out with soap and water. Use chloroform for delicate colors.
Perspiration stains can sometimes be removed by a strong soap solution or with borax, and sunshine. Oxalic acid and Javel water will accomplish it also. Sponge silk material and cover with powdered chalk. Remove the odor by boiling, if possible, or by the use of chloroform. To prevent odor, neutralize perspiration under arm by using boric-acid powder.
Scorch—Bright sunshine will, in most cases, be effective. If the stain is stubborn, however, use water and sunshine, or soap, water, and sunshine.
Tea stains—Use cold water. Soak in borax or ammonia. Soak in glycerin. Boiling water poured through material with force. Hydrogen peroxid and diluted ammonia followed by diluted acetic acid and water.
Wax—Scrape off the excess, and use a warm iron over soft cloth of blotting-paper. Warm alcohol, (heated over water), and Javel water are both good.
Wine stains can be removed when fresh by dry salt; after they are dry, use boiling water.