Medicine - Discovery And Practice
( Originally Published Early 1900's )
Medicine appears to have been first practiced by the Egyptian priests. Pythagoras endeavored to explain the philosophy of disease and the action of medicine about 529 B. C., Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, flourished about 422 B.C., and Galen, born A.D. 131, was the oracle of medical science. About 980, Avicenna, an Arab, wrote a system of medicine. The art was brought into Europe from the East, about A. D. 1150. In the early stages of the practice, the preparation of simples was principally confined to ecclesiastics in Europe generally, until the close of the fifteenth century. The dogmatic age of medicine lasted until the Reformation, when it was attacked by Paracelsus (1493-1541) and Vasalius (1514-64). Since 1800 medical practice has been completely transformed by physiological and chemical research. The practice of medicine is now one of the highest sciences, and in most countries is in the hands of learned and distinguished men; various statutes have been enacted to discourage pretenders to the healing art.