Days Of The Week
( Originally Published Early 1900's )
The names of these are derived from Saxon idolatry. The Saxons had seven deities more particularly adored than the rest, namely : The Sun, the Moon, Tuisco, Woden, Thor, Friga, and Saeter.
Sunday being dedicated to the sun, was called by them Sunandaeg ; his idol represented the bust of a man, with the face darting bright rays, holding a wheel before his breast, indicative of the circuit of the golden orb around our sphere.
Monday was dedicated to the moon, and was represented by a female on a pedestal, with a very singular dress and two long ears.
Tuesday was dedicated to Tuisco a German hero, sire of the Germans, Scythians, and Saxons. He was represented as a venerable old man, with a long, white beard, a scepter in his hand and the skin of a white bear thrown over his shoulders.
Wednesday was consecrated to Woden, or Odin, a supreme god of the northern nations, father of the gods and god of war. He was represented as a warrior in a bold martial attitude, clad in armor, holding in his right hand a broad, crooked sword and in his left a shield.
Thursday was consecrated to Thor, eldest son of Woden, who was the Roman Jupiter. Ile was believed to govern the air, preside over lightning and thunder, direct the wind, rain, and seasons. He was represented as sitting on a splendid throne, with a crown of gold adorned with twelve glittering stars, and a scepter in his right hand.
Friday was sacred to Friga—Hertha or Edith— the mother of the gods and wife of Woden. She was the goddess of love and pleasure and was portrayed as a female with a naked sword in her right hand and a bow in her left hand, implying that in extreme cases women should fight as well as men.
Saturday was named in honor of Saeter, who is the Roman Saturnus. He was represented on a pedestal, standing on the back of a prickly fish called a perch, his head bare, with a thin, meager face. In his left hand he held a wheel and in his right a pail of water with fruits and flowers. The sharp fins of the fish implied that the worshipers of Saeter should pass safely through every difficulty. The wheel was emblematic of their unity and freedom, and the pail of water implied that he could water the earth and make it more beautiful.