Kinds Of Carpet
( Originally Published Early 1900's )
Before describing the various kinds of carpets there are one or two points to be considered. And first the material, colors, and pattern of the carpet must be adapted to the room into which it is to be put, and the other furniture of the room. Large patterns will not look well in small rooms, nor will very small patterns look well in large ones ; an ex-pensive carpet renders it necessary to have expensive furniture ; and every bit of color in the room, from the carpet to the ceiling, must have some harmony with every other. At the same time it must he borne in mind that there is harmony iii contrasted colors as well as in those which are similar, and if the furniture is either very dark or very gay, the carpet should be either gay or neutral, in order to relieve the general effect. The large patterns which used to prevail have been discarded of late years ; and patterns as small as the room will bear are considered most desirable. Medallion carpets, or those with figures of animals, bouquets of flowers, baskets of roses, or stripes, should never be chosen : the most pleasing figures are simple geometrical designs, a tracery of vines, arabesques, or an almost solid neutral groundwork of broken lines. A carpet with much white in it is objectionable anywhere unless the furniture is very dark, but it should never be laid in a room that is much used ; on the other hand, a very dark carpet is almost as hard to keep clean. Carpets with blue or green, or any ,, delicate " color, fade on exposure to sunlight. A bordered carpet makes a room look smaller than it is ; and a small room will look larger if the floor is covered with a carpet of neutral tint and small figures.
Axminster Carpet is expensive, but wears almost well enough to make up for it. There are French, English, and American Axminsters in the market ; they do not differ much from each other in cost, the price being from $2 to $5 a yard.
Brussels Carpet, on account of its durability, is probably the cheapest for general use. The basis is a warp and woof of linen thread ; worsted threads are also interwoven, which are formed into loops by means of wires and form the patterns, the linen threads not being visible on the surface. When well made they are very durable, and, being at the same time elegant, are among the most desirable of all car-pets. Good English Brussels is worth about $1.25 to $1.75 per yard, three quarters of a yard wide. American about $1.00 to $1.50. (see TAPESTRY CARPET.)
Dutch Carpet.— A cheap carpet woven in pieces about a yard wide. The warp is of wool and the filling of wool, hemp, or cotton; and the only patterns are stripes and checks. This is very good for stairs. Price 75 cts. to $1.10.
Ingrain Carpet is, perhaps, most frequently used in bedrooms and the like. It is made of two threads only, and the colors are reversed on either side ; in the best both threads are wool, in the cheaper kinds the warp is of cotton. The English Ingrain costs about $1.25 per yard ; the American from 85 cts. to $1.10 ; yard wide.
Kidderminster Carpet.— This is made of two woolen webs which intersect each other at various points to produce the pattern, which is the same on both sides with the color re-versed. They are woven in large squares to fit 1 the room, and are of various qualities. A good article is worth about $1.25 per square yard.
Moquette Carpet is a very rich and beautiful French carpet made on same principle as Wilton. Price $1.25 to $1.75.
Persian and Turkish Carpets.—These are unequaled for richness of fabric and patterns ; they are woven with a soft pile like that of velvet, and some of the costliest of the Persian have floss silk mixed with the wool. The colors are indescribably rich and brilliant, and one of them spread upon the floor bright-ens up the most cheerless room. They are woven in one piece, and are from five to ten yards long, and from five to six wide. They are very expensive, and the finer qualities are appropriate only in elaborately furnished rooms.
Printed Felt is made of coarse wools brought together by the process of felting, and the patterns are imprinted in colors by means of the rollers on which they are cut. It is bright colored but rather flimsy, and only 1 appropriate for rugs, druggets, or table covers. It is of various widths. Price about $1.00 per square yard.
Rag Carpet is the lowest in price of all, and can readily be made at home on a hand loom. Use a warp of strong cotton threads, and weave in any kind of rags by twisting them up into small rolls. It is thick, and serviceable to spread over kitchen floors in winter. Price in the shops about 50 cents a yard; yard wide.
Tapestry Carpet is an imitation of Brussels, but only one woolen thread is used instead of four or five different colors. The warp is of coarse linen threads, and the pattern appears only on one side. Tapestry is very pretty, and in the best patterns is hard to distinguish from Brussels ; but it is not durable, and is liable to fade. It is woven in pieces three fourths of a yard wide, and costs 50 cents to $1.25 per yard. Brussels is cheaper at twice the price.
Three-Ply Carpets are the same as in-grain, except that a third thread is added, and this makes the pattern on the right side. It is the prettiest of the cheaper all-wool carpets ; but as the single layer of threads on the surface is liable to wear off, it is not so durable as ingrain, and cannot be turned like the latter. Price, about $1.00 per yard ; yard wide.
Velvet Carpet is an English material, it which the weaving is the same as tapestry, only the loops are cut, thus giving it a high pile. like velvet. It has a rich and soft effect, and wears better than tapestry. Price, about $1.50 per yard; three quarters yard wide.
Wilton Carpet differs from Brussels just as velvet differs from tapestry ; after weaving, the loops are cut with a sharp knife, and a pile like that of velvet produced. Wilton is, perhaps, the most beautiful and durable of all carpets. Price, about $3.25 per yard ; three quarters wide. In Royal Wilton the pile is raised higher than in the common kind.
Wood Carpet.— This is a late invention. It is made of well-seasoned and kiln-dried hard woods, cut into strips one and one eighth w one and three eighths inches wide, and a quarter of an inch thick, and glued on to heavy cotton drill. The wood is then planed smooth and oiled. It rolls up like an oilcloth, can be sent anywhere, and can be put down by any good carpenter. It can be laid to look like ordinary flooring of one kind of wood, or in fancy designs, center pieces, etc. That of one kind of wood, or of alternate strips of different kinds, is a yard wide, at $1.25 to $2.50 a yard. The fancy styles cost from 35 cents to $1.25 per square foot. It is claimed for this carpeting that it is insect proof, that dust cannot penetrate it, that it is so thin as not to interfere with door sills, etc., and that it is very durable ; but it needs to be more thoroughly tested.