Making Cement Or Paste
( Originally Published Early 1900's )
1. PASTE.-Cement or Mucilage for Labels, Postage and Revenue Stamps, etc.—Soak good glue, 5 oz., water, 20 oz., for one day; after which add rock candy or loaf sugar, 9 oz., and gum arable, 3 oz.; and when these are dissolved, it is ready to be spread en paper. It keeps well; does not get brittle nor wrinkled, and does not make the sheets stick when they are piled upon each other.—Dingler's Polytechnic Journal.
Remarks.—This paper said "parts" instead of oz. The author has made it plain for any one to understand; drachms or pounds an be substituted for ozs. just as well, according to the amount needed. It will be found reliable. The next receipt is from the same journal, and will be found equally reliable for labeling letters, or bottles in ,damp cellars, as this gum stickum is for stamps and common labeling.
2. Paste, for Labels for Letters, Newspapers (Used by Printers), for Soda-Water Bottles, etc., for Damp Cellars.-"Stir into 1 lb. of paste of glue and ryemeal, spirits of turpentine % oz. Labels attached with this paste do not get loose in damp cellars. But if for convenience sake it is desired to gum the labels before using them, add oil-Varnish % oz, and magnesia 1/4 oz. to each lb. of the paste, then gum them."
Remarks.—See remarks with No. 1. Make a good thick paste, with rye flour, with 2 ozs. glue, first dissolved in the water will be about right.
3. Mucilage, Simple and Good. Put nice gum Arabic, lb. into a %-pt. bottle, then fill it with soft water, 'and cork. Turn it bottom upwards and shake occasionally for a day or two, or until dissolved, and it is ready to use for putting paper together of any kind.
Remarks.—I made a quart of it using 1lb. of the gum some 2 years ago, for use when I had a quotation to put on in writing this book, and although it sour, still it is just as good as when made. It is said 3 or 4 drops of oil of cloves prevents it souring or moulding. It may prevent mould, but I doubt its preventing it from souring. The souring does not hurt it, nor has mine moulded. Some persons use as much gum tragacanth as they do of Arabic, say 2 ozs. each to â pt. of water. The tragacanth is a little harder to dissolve, and, of course, is a little stronger also (see the next recipe), but the I Arabic is good enough for me. This might be called "scrap-book paste," or mucilage, as you choose. I use it upon my little photos which I have for years attached to my letters-putting it upon the sheets, before I cut them apart—and when dry they never have stuck together, although a book is laid upon them to keep them flat. It is an excellent mucilage.
Mucilage, for Fancy Work.-Gum tragacanth, 1 oz., corrosive sublimate, a thimbleful, and soft water, 1% pts. Put into e bottle and let dis-solve, corking tightly. Stir occasionally with a stick. As it is poisonous, it should be kept out of the reach of children. The mucilage will keep for months.—Tolede Post.
Remarks.-The sublimate being poisonous prevents insects from eating the fancy work put together with it. If it is too thin to suit any one, which I should think it would be, add more powdered tragacanth to suit.
CEMENT, OR PASTE—New and Strong, That Sticks to Leather, Wood, Stone, Glass, Porcelain, Ivory, Parchment, Paper, Feathers, Wool, Cotton, Linen, and Even to Varnish.—A new cement which is well spoken of is made by melting in an iron vessel equal parts of common pitch, and gutta-percha; it is not attacked by water, and adheres firmly to leather, wood, stone, glass, porcelain, ivory, parchment, paper, feathers, wool, cotton, linen, and even to varnish.—Pansy, Stryker, Ohio, in Blade.
I.Glue, Liquid, and Moth Glue. Take any sized bottle, and half fill it with whisky, and put in nice bits of glue to make it, when dissolved, which it will do in two or three days, as thick as molasses. It remains liquid, and is good for any purpose that glue is used for.
2. For the moth glue, dissolve any amount of glue in as Iittle water as possible, by putting it in another dish of water to prevent burning, then add only one-fourth as much nice white sugar, by weight as you use of glue, and when melted pour upon a slightly greased slab, or tin. Used by wetting the glue in the mouth, and touching the parts to be united and holding together a moment.
3. Glue, Water-Proof.—Best clear glue, lb.; new milk, 1 pint. Directions-Soak the glue in the milk 8 to 10 hours ; then boil, by setting the basin in a pan of water, with nails under the bottom of the basin, to prevent burning. Use as other glue. The casein of the milk aids in resisting dampness.
See 4 and 5 which come from "D. B. M." of Oconomomoc, Wis., to one of the papers.
4. Glue, to Resist the Action of Water.—" A glue which will resist the action of water is made by boiling best glue, 1 lb. in skim milk, 2 qts."
5. Glue, Very Strong for Veneering and Inlaying.—"Take the best light brown glue, free from clouds and streaks; dissolve in water to the consistence of well-made glue, and to each pt. add half gill (2 cm) of the best vinegar, and 13 ozs. of isinglass."
5. Glues, Liquid. "H.," of Mt. Clemens, Mich., in writing to one of the papers, says: " Liquid glue can be made by adding to the ordinary solution of glue, for each lb. of glue used, 1 fl. oz. of strong nitric acid.
6. "Or, take 1 part (oz.) of dry glue, powdered, and 3 parts (07.S.) of commercial acetic acid, which will dissolve the glue without heat."
Remarks—See " Dr. Chase's Magic Mender," among the cements, which is made with isinglass dissolved in acetic acid, and is very strong. Glass or porcelain dishes only, can be used with any acid, without dissolving the glues. See-also mucilages, cements, etc., for fancy or other work, above.
7. Glue, Liquid, Simple, and Easily Made.—An excellent glue-is made as follows : White glue, 2 ozs. ; good vinegar, 1 gill (4 ozs.) Put into a wide-mouthed bottle, and set the bottle in cold water, letting it come to a boil gradually, and boiling until the glue is dissolved; then add alcohol, 1 oz.; and after this keep corked, for use.—Toledo Post. Good.
1. CONCRETE-Proportions of Cement, Sand and Granite Used in Foundations in the United States and England. —A gentleman of Kansas made inquiry of the Blade for the process of making concrete, or artificial stone; to which the answer was: " There are various processes. The immense masses of concrete that form the foundations of the great East River bridge, between New York and Brooklym, are composed of Rosendaie cement, 1 part (say bushels), 2 of sharp, clean sand, and coarse beach gravel, 4 parts. The gravel was from 1 inch to 2 1/2 in diameter. The cement .and sand were first mixed with water in a mill, and afterwards mixed with the gravel by means of shovels used by hand. This concrete, it, is expected, will last for centuries."
2. Concrete, Proportions as Used in England.—Cooley, in his Practical Receipts (English), says: " Concrete, proper, is a compact mass, composed of pebbles, lime, and sand, employed in the foundations of buildings. The best proportions are 60 parts (bushels or any other measure) of coarse pebbles, 25 parts of rough sand (meaning clean, sharp sand), and 5 parts of lime."
Remarks.—Of course, he means water-lime, or, as we call it here, cement; the Rosendale, I think, being considered the best. Still, any good article will do. But many houses are built of it in the United States, and in doing so, generally, the pebbles or gravel are not used as coarse as above given, but finer, and make up for it by putting in coarser stone, from the size of the first, upward; and often flat stone are put in; but care should be observed in placing these in tLe frames of plank in which the house is carried up, that these stone are all well imbedded in the mortar or cement, else they weaken, rather than strengthen, the concrete walls. I like the proportions as used in No. 1 best, as it makes a ;stronger cement, and, especially, should greatly prefer it if I was going to use common stone lime in building a house or other concrete building. Good common lime may do well for stables and other small out-buildings; but T should prefer the water-lime or cement for houses in which I expected to live.