Vermin & Insect Control
( Originally Published Early 1900's )
1. RATS—To Destroy or Drive Away.—Arsenic, bread, butter, and sugar. Directions-If arsenic is to be used, get or % oz., and label poison, and keep it away from children. To use it, first spread. some slices of bread lightly with butter; then sprinkle on rather freely of the arsenic, and over this with a little sugar; and with a case-knife press the sugar and arsenic well into the butter, so they will not fall off. Now, cut the slices of bread into squares of half an inch or so, and drop into the rat-holes, out of the way of children, chickens, and other animals which you do not wish to kill.
Remarks.—The rats will eat enough of it to kill some of them, and as soon as they begin to die the others will go away and remain a long time; but as soon as they begin to show again repeat the dose, and this generally makes a clear riddance of them.
2. Rats, To Get Rid of Without Poison, German Method.—A German paper gives the following plan of doing this: " Having first for some days placed pieces of cheese in a part of the premises, so as to induce the is to come in great numbers to their accustomed feeding-place, a piece of cheese is fixed on a fish-hook about a foot above the floor. One rat leaps at this, and of course remains suspended. Hereat all the other rats take sudden flight, and at once quit the house in a body."
Remarks. Possibly our Yankee rats may be too smart for this, but it -would make some amusement for the boys to try it, and it may prove satisfactory, especially if the hair of the one caught was singed enough to give a smell, not to burn the rat, then allowed to run into the hole, has driven them away many times.
3. Bats and Mice, Simple Exterminator.—Another German newspaper gives the following simple method for exterminating rats and mice, which, it states, has been successfully tried by one Baron Von Backhofen and others for some time past: "A mixture of 2 parts of well-bruised common squills and 3 parts of finely chopped bacon is made into a stiff mass, with as much meal as may be required, and then baked into small cakes which are put around for the rats to eat."
Remarks.—Several correspondents of the same paper afterwards wrote to confirm the experience of the noble baron, as they call him, in the extermination of rats and mice by this simple remedy. It must arise from the action of the squills.
4. Another Simple Remedy.—A writer in the Scientific American says: " We clean our premises of rats by making whitewash yellow with copperas and covering the stones in the cellar with it. In every crevice or hole in which a rat may tread we put crystals of the copperas and scatter the same in the corners of the floor. The result was a perfect stampede of rats and mice. Since that time not a footfall of either has been heard about the house. Every spring a coat of the- yellow wash is given the cellar as a purifier and rat exterminator, and no typhoid, dysentery or fever attacks the family. Many persons deliberately attract all the rats-in the neighborhood by leaving fruits and vegetables uncovered in the cellar, and sometimes even the soap is left open for their regalement. Cover up everything eatable in the cellar and pantry, and you will soon starve them out. These precautions, joined to the services of a good cat, will prove as good an exterminator as the chemist can provide. We never allow rats to be poisoned in our dwelling, they are so liable to die between hie walls and produce much annoyance."
5. Another very Simple Remedy-Not Poisonous.—Take "equal quantities of rye meal,, and unslacked, finely powdered lime, mix well, -dry, but water in flat dishes may be set near. Put this on pieces of dry boards, in places which they infest. They will eat it readily, and soon become thirsty, and go for the water which slacks the lime, and the gas destroys. them quickly.
6. Chloride of Lime—Put into their holes and scattered around the cellar, or wherever they trouble you, will absorb moisture, and then throw off chlorine gas, which they do not like, and they generally leave on the double quick.
7. Tar-Daubed into and around their holes they very much dislike, and will not stay unless they can keep their feet clean; they are a very cleanly animal, and cannot bear to get daubed with any sticky stuff.
8. Rats, Mice, Roaches, Bugs and other Vermin—to Destroy--Phosphorus, 6 oz.; flower of sulphur, 1 oz.; cold water, 16 oz., (1 pt.); flower of mustard, 2 ozs. ; brown sugar, 8 ozs. rye flower, 12 ozs.
Directions—First, rub the phosphorus and sulphur together, by adding from time to time 6 ozs of the water, then the mustard, the balance of the n water, sugar, and lastly rye flour, and stir to the consistence of rather a soft paste. Put up in closely covered boxes or jars. Persons desiring to make only small quantities for home use, will take drachms— N of the amounts. It is to be spread freely -upon slices of bread, and sugar sprinkled over it, and pressed down with the knife; then the bread cut into small squares and several of them put in different places where the vermin will easily find them. Tumerac or red sounders may be used for coloring by steeping some of the water, if it is being made for sale.
Remarks—King says, in his Am. Dispensatory, that the above paste is considered the best for the above purposes. It was first published by the Am Journal of Pharmacy, and may be relied upon. The phosphorus has a tendency, of itself, to turn the paste to a reddish shade, in a little time after being mixed. Any of the foregoing plans will give satisfaction. Dr. King's Dispensatory, I have had nearly 20 years, and always find it correct'
RATS, ROACHES, ANTS AND MOSQUITOES-Penny--royal, Potash and Cayenne too much for them.- The Scientific American says:
I. Against Mosquitoes.—If mosquitoes or other bloodsuckers infest our sleeping rooms at night, we uncork a bottle of the oil of pennyroyal, and these animals leave in great haste, nor will they return so long as the room is loaded with the fumes of that aromatic herb.
2. Rats, to Drive Away.—If rats enter the cellar, a little powdered potash thrown in their holes, or mixed with meal and scattered in their run-ways, never fails to drive them away.
3. Roaches, Ants, etc., to keep from the Buttery.—Cayenne pepper will keep the buttery and store room free from ants and cockroaches. If a mouse makes an entrance into any part of your dwelling, saturate a rag with cayenne, in solution, and stuff it into the hole, which can then be repaired with either wood or mortar. No mouse or rat will cut that rag for the purpose of opening communication with a depot of supplies.
FLY POISON.—Arsenate of potassa, 1 oz.; red lead, ? oz.; sugar, 6 ozs. Mix well together, bottle and cork for use. and Label Poison.
Directions—Put a suitable quantity on plates, moisten with water and place where they are thickest. It is very destructive because very poisonous, yet so pleasant to the taste of the fly, they "go for it" quickly.
FLY STICKUMFAST -Not Poisonous.— Melt rosin, 6 ozs., in a tin cup, then put in lard, 1 rounding table-spoonful, as a woman takes it up for shortening, or about 2 ozs., which should make it like very thick molasses when -cold. Spread upon rather stiff paper with a little flat piece of wood or a knife, and place about the shelves, rooms, etc. If a knife is used to spread it, heat the knife over the fire when it will all wipe off with a piece of newspaper or cloth. It will hold all that light upon it, and the more that light the more will come, thinking something good has been found. It holds them fast. Place a paper over the cup to keep flies out when it is set away.
BRIMSTONE—A Disinfectant After Deaths from Cholera, Also an Exterminator of Bed Bugs, Roaches, etc.—L. H. Spear, in the Rural New Yorker, makes the following statement upon this subject, which will be found reliable. He says: The `Epidemic of Cleanliness,' as the present effort to prevent cholera has been called by those who have the sanitary condition of our great cities in charge, mentions, among numerous preventives of malarial poison, the burning of brimstone in houses, and I doubt if any who hastily read the various directions for fumigating-dwellings, know half the merits of this agent. A distinguished chemist once said of it: ` While other disinfectants act for a time, so as to seem to destroy bad odors, they chiefly cover them up, but brimstone kills them.' All housekeepers should also know that by burning brimstone in a room infested with bugs, it will kill them. Put burning charcoal into a kettle and sprinkle a 1/4 lb. of powdered brimstone over it. Close all windows and doors for an hour or more, when they can be reopened.
Remarks.—Let any one who thinks this will not kill the bed bugs, roaches, 'etc., even in the cracks and crevices of the walls, pass a lightedsulphur match under his nose, and then judge if he could stand it an hour? If the cholera visits your neighborhood, which it is almost certain to do at some time, this should be done to every room in which a cholera patient dies; and may be done at any time in rooms where these pests have got a lodgement in the cracks of old walls. It is recently claimed that even cholera is caused by a living mite or "microbe," as they call them, and, therefore, the burning. f. the powdered brimstone, is sure death to them, and that no further spreading of the disease is possible.