Finding Of The Holy Cross
( Originally Published 1883 )
After that famous victory, which the emperor Constantine gained over Maxentius, in the year 312, on the eve of which the banner of the Cross of the Lord had been given to him from heaven, Helen, the mother of Constantine, being warned in a dream, came to Jerusalem to seek for the Cross. There it was her care to cause to be overthrown the marble statue of Venus, which had stood on Calvary for about 180 years, and which had originally been put there to desecrate and destroy the memorial of the sufferings of the Lord Christ. The like Helen did at Bethlehem, by cleansing from an image of Adonis the stable where the Saviour was born, and from an idol of Jupiter, the place where He had arisen from the dead.
When she had thus cleansed the place where the Cross had stood, Helen caused deep excavations to be made, which resulted in the discovery of three crosses, and apart from them, the writing which had been nailed on that of the Lord. But which of the crosses had been His was unknown, and was only manifested by a miracle. Macarias, Bishop of Jerusalem, after offering solemn prayers to God, touched, with each of the three, a woman who was afflicted with a grievous disease. The two first had no effect, but at the touch of the third she was immediately healed.
Helen, after she had found the life-giving cross, built over the site of the Passion a church of extraordinary splendour, wherein she deposited part of the cross, shut up in a silver case ; another part (which she gave to her son Constantine) was laid up in the Church of the Holy Cross of Jerusalem, which he built at Rome, on the site of the Sessorian Palace. She also gave to her son the nails with which the Most Holy body of Jesus Christ had been pierced. Constantine established a law abolishing the punishment of crucifixion for all time coming, and thenceforth what had hitherto been a misery and a curse among men, began to be esteemed worshipful and glorious."—From the Roman Breviary, translated by the Marquess of Bute.