Department Of Free Veterinary Advice
( Originally Published 1912 )
We have a thoroughly equipped organization, all under the direct supervision of Dr. David Roberts, and with the systematic arrangement of our work we can handle an unlimited amount of correspondence. We invite Farmers, Dairymen, Poultrymen, Livestock Owners and Veterinarians to write Dr. Roberts on any subject pertaining to live-stock, and you will receive a prompt, courteous and satisfactory reply by return mail, which may be of benefit to you and save you many dollars.
You may consider this a somewhat philanthropic proposition, but we feel that we shall be fully compensated for the cost and labor of such correspondence and free advice rendered, by the value of the introduction to you and consequent acquaintance, which may result in an indirect benefit to us. We know that with this book in your possession you will find frequent occasion to refer to it, and the result of such reference may prove to our mutual benefit. We believe that there are many important things that you would like to know from time to time about your live-stock. The only trouble is, you don't know to whom to apply. Now, write Dr. Roberts all about the difficulties you are experiencing with your live-stock, enclose a two cent stamp for return postage, and your letter will have the confidential and prompt attention of this great Specialist. Remember, that the advice he will give you will be free of charge. From the doctor's superior knowledge and vast experience he can surely suggest a solution of your problems, and we know that the reply will be satisfactory and profitable to you.
DR. DAVID ROBERTS' VETERINARY CO., 50o Grand Ave., Waukesha, Wis. DR. DAVID ROBERTS, President.
HOW TO EXAMINE A SICK ANIMAL.
First take the temperature of the animal, by placing a self-registering Veterinary Fever Thermometer into the rectum, allowing it to remain there from three to five minutes. The normal temperature of a cow is 101 degrees (Fahrenheit) and the normal temperature of a horse is 100 degrees; hog, 100 degrees ; sheep, 101 degrees.
Second, take the pulse of the animal, which can be found at the angle of the lower jaw bone, where it can be felt by pressing the artery against the bone. The normal beat of a cow's pulse is from 40 to 50 per minute, and that of a horse from 33 to 40 per minute.
Third, count the respirations of the animal, or number of times it breathes, by watching the sides or flanks or by pressing the ear to the sides. The normal respiration of a cow is from 15 to 20 per minute, and that of a horse from 12 to 15 per minute, while resting.
If the temperature, pulse or respiration are found to be higher or faster than the above described, you will know that the animal is ailing.
THE CARE AND TREATMENT OF A SICK ANIMAL.
Place the sick animal in a well disinfected, ventilated and dry box stall with plenty of bedding and sunlight. (Avoid draughts.) In cold weather put a blanket on, feed sparingly of digestible food, such as bran mashes made with linseed tea. Keep manger sweet and clean. Water should be pure and clean, and warmed when necessary. (Always necessary for new milch cows.)
An injection of warm water per rectum should be given to nearly all sick animals, excepting those afflicted with looseness of the bowels.
NEVER DRENCH CATTLE.
More cattle die from the effects of being drenched than from tuberculosis.
If a cow's head be raised as high as possible and her mouth kept open by the drenching bottle, or horn, a portion of the liquid given her is very apt to pass down the wind-pipe into the lungs, sometimes causing instant death by smothering; while at other times death follows in a few days from resulting congestion or inflammation of the lungs. Perhaps the best way of demonstrating the danger of drenching cattle is to advise the reader to throw back his head as far as possible and attempt to swallow. He will find this a difficult task, but he will find it much more difficult, if not impossible, to swallow with his mouth open. It is for this reason that drenching cattle is a dangerous practice.
HOW TO GIVE A COW MEDICINE.
Give all cattle their medicine hypodermically or in feed; if they refuse feed, give it dry on the tongue.
The proper method of giving a cow medicine is to stand at her right side, place the left arm around her nose, or the left hand under her jaw, opening her mouth at the same time; then with a spoon in the right hand, place the medicine, which should be in paste or powdered form, back on the tongue, and she will swallow with safety. If large doses of liquid medicine are to be given, insert a probang, or half inch hose, about six feet long, and pass the same down the cow's gullet into her stomach, attach a funnel and pour in the liquid. For further particulars, read Dr. Roberts' articles on this subject in Kimball's Dairy Farmer of January 15 and March 1, 1911.