Horse Health & Care - Part 8
( Originally Published 1912 )
THRUSH IN FEET
Thrush is known by a dark gray, unhealthy secretion of matter oozing from the middle or either side of the frog of a horse's foot. This discharge, if neglected, is liable to eat its way through the sole of the foot, oftentimes involving the joints and sometimes causing intense lameness and swelling of the limbs. It is at this stage of the disease that blood poisoning is liable to set in and death results.
This disease affects both horses and mares, more often affecting the front feet of geldings or stallions and the hind feet of mares, this being due to the filth and moisture caused by the urine.
Thrush is to be treated by cleanliness—the removal of all direct causes and a return of the frog to its normal condition. The diseased or ragged condition of the frog should be pared away, and in severe cases the foot should be poulticed for a few days with the Antiseptic Poultice. The center of the frog and the grooves on either side are then to be cleaned and well filled with wads of cotton soaked in Germ Killer (full strength). The foot should be dressed in this manner once daily. If there be intense fever in the feet and swelling of the limbs, this will indicate that the horse requires internal treatment. For this give a Physic Ball and follow with Horse Tonic; but in all mild cases of Thrush in the feet, pack the frog and affected parts with wads of cotton soaked in Germ Killer (full strength) and you will over-come the disease.
See Prescription No. 164, page 181.
The only possible way for stock owners to remove Tumors is by use of the Absorbent. If that should fail to accomplish the result, the knife must be resorted to. See Prescription No. 165, page 181.
An ulcer is an open sore on an external or internal surface of the body. Ulcers are caused by inflammation combined with poor reaction on the part of the tissue affected. Local injuries are the immediate exciting cause of external ulcers. Internal ulcers, such as those of the mouth, stomach and intestines, are caused either by injury by foreign bodies, such as a kick, or by micro-organisms and decomposed secretions or other contents.
While the tendency" of 'ulcers is to get well spontaneously, nature is best assisted by cleanliness of the parts by washing them thoroughly with a warm solution of Germ Killer and applying Healing Oil to all affected parts, alternating with Absorbent. For intestinal ulcers give Laxotonic and injections of warm water.
See Prescription No. 166, page 181.
The retention of the urine in mares may be easily overcome by passing a female catheter, which is a silver plated tube a little larger than a lead pencil and about twelve inches long, into the neck of the bladder, which is located on the floor of the vagina. But the retention of the urine in a gelding or stallion is a difficult matter to overcome, as an inexperienced person would be liable to have trouble in passing the male catheter, which is usually about three feet long. However, if there be retention in the mare or horse, a bottle of Colic Drench should be given, as this contains ingredients which act upon the urinal organs, and by so doing may overcome the necessity of drawing the water.
See Prescription No. 167, page 181.
Are little tumors which often appear very suddenly on any part of the body or limbs, angles of the mouth, corners of the eye, tips of the ears, etc. For this reason they are difficult to remove, and great care should be taken in their removal. The only safe and reliable method is to apply Wartine to warts of all kinds, until they are removed. It requires a longer time to remove some kinds of warts than others. The large warts should be pulled out by the roots with the fingers or forceps, and then apply Wartine to the wound thus made.
See Prescription No. 168, page 181.
This trouble is very much like Heaves and should be treated in the same manner. (See Heaves, page 119.)
See Prescription No. 81, page 181.
Wind Galls are sometimes called Wind Puffs, either term being correct. They are enlargements of the synovial bursa, and usually appear on the fetlock joint of the front or hind limbs, but more often on the hind limbs.
Clip off the hair over the wind gall, wash the parts thoroughly with warm water and soap, and in a couple of hours apply Absorbent. Do this daily until the trouble disappears. Do not repeat the washing.
The animal will improve more rapidly if kept from doing hard work, and kept off the pavement.
See Prescription No. 169, page 181.
Wire Cuts are usually caused by wire containing barbs or sharp prongs. These barbs or prongs are usually in a rusty condition, and for this reason a wire cut is considerably more dangerous and harder to handle than most any other wound; wire cuts may also be produced by smooth or woven wire, but the animal, in such cases, must have come in contact with such wires with considerable force. When this occurs the bruise is usually as serious as the cut, and both have to be properly treated in order to obtain the best results.
Barb wire cuts are very dangerous for the reason that when the animal comes in contact with a fence with sufficient force to produce an ugly gash there is great danger of the sharp, rusty barbs passing considerably deeper into the flesh than the wire itself, and by so doing may penetrate the joints in that vicinity. When this occurs you have to contend with both a wire cut and open joint. The open joint means the escaping of synovia, or joint water, from the joint.
All wounds should be thoroughly washed with a solution of Germ Killer. When the skin and muscles are cut to more than two or three inches in length it is advisable to stitch up with silk or linen thread, bringing the skin together. This may be done successfully in several ways, but it is advisable to make stitches about one-half or one inch apart, passing the needle through both edges of the skin ; then cut the thread sufficient in length to be tied in a hard knot. These are called interrupted sutures.
Another method would be to begin at one end of the cut, passing the needle through the skin and back through the end of the thread, then to the opposite side of the wound, and in this manner drawing the edges of the skin together, sewing the entire wound without cutting the thread. This is called uninterrupted sutures. The entire wound should then be dressed with Healing Oil once daily. Daily washings of the wound with Germ Killer solution and Healing Oil are necessary. After the stitches are removed the wound may be washed once daily with Germ Killer solution. Apply Absorbent with a small brush to the wound itself, using Healing Oil to keep the skin moist. In this manner any wound may be treated with success, regardless of its size.
See Prescription No. 170, page 181,
There are several classes of worms, but the saine treatment applies to the various kinds.
It is a very important thing to rid your horse of worms and keep him from having them. In order to do this a package of Worm Powder should be given. It should be followed by a Physic Ball, which expels all destroyed and stupified worms, including the little deadly red worm, which is causing heavy losses.
In connection with this treatment, two to four quarts of Germ Killer solution, half strength, should be given (per rectum) as an injection by the use of Flushing outfit, two or three times per week. This will rid the rectum of the little pin worms, which are sometimes very hard to eradicate. This treatment can be repeated if necessary.
See Prescription No. 171, page 181.
There are many different kinds of wounds, which are caused in different ways. Most wounds are caused by external injuries, while others may be caused by improper condition of the blood.
Wounds of every nature, both surface and deep seated, should be washed with a solution of Germ Killer; after they are thoroughly cleaned by injecting this solution into the cavity, use Absorbent and Healing Lotion alternately.
Apply and inject into the following deep seated wounds, and into Abscesses and Pus and Fluid Sacs, after they have been opened, such as Poll Evil, Fistulous Withers, Capped Elbow, Capped Hock, Distemper, Abscesses on any part of the body, open collar or harness Galls, Blood Blisters (or bruises), often seen at the point of the breast bone, abscess of the udder, punctured or lacerated wounds, such as may be caused by barb wire, tin, glass, nails or slivers, sore feet due to rope burns, wounds left after removing warts.
It is a difficult and important thing in all deep seated wounds to keep proud flesh from forming, and to cause the wound to heal nicely without a scar. This can be done if the above directions are clearly and carefully followed.
Germ Killer cleanses the wound.
Healing Oil, soothes and heals.
Absorbent prevents proud flesh.
Use Gall Balm for superficial or surface wounds, such as Collar Galls, Harness Galls, Cracked or Inflamed Skin, Cracked Heels, Speedy Cuts (or Scratches), Bruises or Irritated Skin, such as is often noticed on the knees, ankles, hocks, and hips from lying on cement or rough floors without much bedding. For sore mouth, both around the mouth, and inside, bites of insects, poisoned or inflamed condition of the skin, use Healing Oil.
Healing Oil should be used freely on instruments and hands of operator, also applied to the scrotum of all live stock castrated, such as calves, colts, lambs and pigs.
Healing Oil is invaluable to veterinarians or to parties who make a business of castrating stallions, bulls, boars and rams, as it will prevent infection and blood poisoning in all surgical operations.
See Prescription No. 172, page 181.