Horse Health & Care - Part 7
( Originally Published 1912 )
Is like a Fistula, only it is located in the foot, and is often caused by nail pricks, bruises or gravel in the foot.
Wash part with Germ Killer solution and poultice the feet with the Antiseptic Poultice until most of the fever is gone, then inject Absorbent. See Prescription No. 146, page 180.
A Ring Bone is an unnatural growth of the bone, which takes place at the pastern joints and is liable to appear on any foot, but generally on the hind foot.
In the early stages of Ring Bone, clip off the hair and wash the parts thoroughly with soap and warm water. When dry, apply Bone Blister to the ring bone or any enlargement of like nature, and continue the treatment until all lameness is gone.
See Prescription No. 147, page 180.
Ring Worm is a skin disease and is due to parasites which live just beneath the skin and must be destroyed before the disease can be cured.
The treatment is the same as for Skin Disease and Eczema. (See "Eczema," page 116.)
See Prescription No. 148, page 180.
Roaring is a disease of the throat and is caused by a neglected case of Distemper. It is very hard, and in fact, almost impossible to cure this disease except by an operation.
The following treatment often proves beneficial:
Apply Lucky Four Blister to the throat from ear to ear according to directions. Repeat every two weeks until at least four treatments have been given. See Prescription No. 149, page 180.
Rupture is a term generally applied to an injury to the tissues which hold the bowels in their natural position.
A rupture of this kind may appear in different locations, but the rupture which the stock breeder has to contend with, and the only one which he can treat and improve the condition, is a rupture in a suckling colt, where the bowels come down into the scrotum. This may occur at any time from the day of birth to full maturity. It will be detected by an unnaturally enlarged condition of the scrotum.
The treatment is to apply Healing Oil once daily to the entire scrotum until it regains its natural size.
See Prescription No. 150, page 180.
SCALDS AND BURNS.
Scalds usually occur from having water applied when too hot to any part of the animal.
The most common kind of burns that horse raisers have to contend with, are caused by the horse getting tangled up in a rope, either by being tied too long or staked out to grass. This is called a rope burn and if neglected, often results in a serious, inflamed wound, which may leave a thick, diseased scar or ridge.
For either Scalds or Burns, apply the Badger Balm, and if it be where a poultice can be used, apply the Antiseptic Poultice. This can be continued until all heat and inflammation are gone. Then use Absorbent.
See Prescription No. 151, page 180.
Scratches or cracked heels is an inflamed, irritated and diseased condition of the skin, usually at the fetlock of either front or hind limbs, but more often the hind ones. If this be neglected, it is liable to terminate in what is called Grease Heel. Scratches may occur at all seasons of the year, but are more liable to come on in the spring. This goes to show that in many cases they are due to a bad condition of the blood.
Give a Physic Ball and follow with the Horse Tonic. Wash the legs and feet off thoroughly with a solution of Germ Killer. The washing should not be repeated after the limbs are once clean. Then apply the Badger Balm, and if it be a very severe case, apply the Antiseptic Poultice until all heat and swelling have disappeared. Continue with the Badger Balm until the skin is healed. The animal should be kept out of the mud and snow water, as all water and moisture are irritating to the skin when thus afflicted.
See Prescription No. 152, page 180.
(See "Capped Elbow," page 111.) See Prescription No. 94, page 180.
Skin disease comes under the head of "Eczema" (see page 116). See Prescription No. 111, page 180.
There are various kinds of sores, some being superficial, and others deep seated. Both superficial or surface sores and deep seated sores or pus cavities may be caused by bruises, punctures, wire cuts, etc.
In all cases of sores, the first thing to be done is to cleanse them. This should be done with a solution of Germ Killer. If it be a deep seated sore, the cavity should be thoroughly syringed out with this solution, and then Absorbent should be injected.
If a surface sore, it should be cleaned in the same manner, then treated with the Healing Oil. If proud flesh appears, apply Absorbent.
See Prescription No. 153, page 180.
Is an inflamed condition of the mucous membrane lining the throat, and it may be due to taking cold, inhaling smoke, or to Distemper or Catarrhal Disease.
Apply the White Liniment to the throat from ear to ear for three to four days, discontinuing for a few days and resuming the treatment later if needed.
Give Fever Paste on the tongue. The appetite may be kept up by the use of Horse Tonic. The bowels should be kept open by giving four quarts of warm water (per rectum) as an injection, using flushing outfit.
The animal should be allowed plenty of cold water and soft and nutritious feed, such as bran; flaxseed tea may be given freely. It is made of ground flax seed :steeped in hot water and allowed to stand for several hours. Feed the entire mixture.
See Prescription No. 154, page 181.
(See Bog and Bone Spavin, pages 109 and 110. See Prescription Nos. 85 and 86, page 181.
Is similar to "Scratches" or "Cracked Heel," and the treatment is the same (see pages 128 and 113.
See Prescriptions Nos. 85 and 86, page 181.
A Splint is a bony enlargement which develops on the canon or shin bone of the horse between the ankle and knee or between ankle and hock. They usually form on the inside of the front limb, but do occasionally appear on the outside. They vary in size from that of a small kernel to a hickory nut. They can usually be seen or felt very readily. Splint lameness has a peculiarity of its own, inasmuch as the horse is apt to walk perfectly sound and trot lame. The horse usually grows worse by exercise. Splints are usually caused by hard road work or injuries. Either will produce a growth of hone beneath the thin tissue paper like covering ,of a bone, and it is this growth that produces lameness. The treatment of a splint consists in the application of ingredients such as are contained in Bone Blister. When this growth or enlargement is absorbed, it disappears and so does the Tameness, if the animal is thus afflicted. They are seldom seen on the hind limbs.
See Prescription No. 155, page 181.
A Sprain is an injury to the joint, ligament, tendon or muscle, and is usually detected by heat, swelling, soreness or lameness. All heat, swelling and soreness should be overcome by applying the Antiseptic Poultice and if there be lameness after the heat and swelling have been relieved, the Absorbent or Lucky Four Blister should be applied.
See Prescription No. 156, page 181.
(See Barrenness in Mares, page 108.) See Prescription No. 83, page 181.
Strangles is the same disease as Catarrhal Fever or Distemper (see page 111). See Prescription No. 97, page 181.
Is an injured condition of the nerves of the hind limbs, and is known by an unnaturally high lifting of the limbs. This trouble is incurable.
A horse out of condition will show this disease more than one in a good, healthy state, so the only thing to do is to get the animal in a strong, healthy condition. This may be done by giving Physic Ball and Horse Tonic until the object has been attained.
See Prescription No. 157, page 181.
Is simply prostration from heat, and occurs only in very hot weather.
The animal may be going along as usual, but will suddenly get dizzy, weak, and sweat profusely, then suddenly stop sweating and begin to pant. His nostrils get large and he will hang his head, and it is at this point that he is liable to go down.
Cold water should be applied to all, parts of the body and head by the use of a light spray or by sponging. This should be kept up until he cools off. Move him to a shady place, where he may get fresh air, and give him one tablespoonful of Fever Paste and eight ounces of good whiskey as one dose, and follow every three hours with a tablespoonful of the Fever Paste and two ounces of good whiskey until he recovers.
Give a gallon of tepid water (per rectum) by the use of the Flushing Outfit. Allow the animal to drink tepid water, and as he recovers, give him bran mashes and soft foods.
See Prescription No. 158, page 181.
Swelling is a hot, inflamed condition, and the treatment consists in giving a Physic Ball internally, following this with the Horse Tonic. Apply Badger Balm well rubbed in, and if possible to use a poultice, use the Antiseptic Poultice.
See Prescription No. 159, page 181.
Sweeny is a shrinking of the muscles and is caused by an injury to the point of the shoulder; for this reason the hair should be clipped from the entire shoulder blade, and the point of the shoulder. Lucky Four Blister or White Liniment should be applied to both the point of the shoulder and to the depression at the shoulder blade.
In many cases it is an advantage to use first one of these remedies, then the other.
The animal should receive daily exercise; sometimes a little light work may be beneficial, but heavy work is out of the question.
See Prescription No. 160, page 181.
The sheath is the cover of the penis of the male, and the only attention that is usually required is to occasionally wash out with soap and warm water the collection of dust and dirt in the sheath, which sometimes produces bad results if neglected. It may cause portions of the skin to slough off, leaving raw surfaces, which come in continual contact with the balance of the unclean parts.. If there be signs of soreness, the dirt from the sheath should be washed out at the point of the penis, and should be examined, as there is frequently a collection of cheesy-like material collecting just in front of the urethra, where there is a little blind sack that favors the collection of foreign matter. This gathering is commonly known as a bean. It should be examined and the sheath washed no less than four times a year. If there be soreness of any nature on the penis, the Healing Oil should be applied to the inner parts of the sheath.
This is inflammation of the synovial bursa and joints, the parts of the joints which come in contact with one another. This is commonly known as inflammation of the joints. and may be recognized by heat, swelling and intense lameness. Bruises, slips or strains are frequent causes of synovitis.
Apply Badger Balm thoroughly rubbed into the parts of the inflamed joints, then apply the Antiseptic Poultice. Continue this treatment until all heat and swelling have disappeared. If lameness continues, apply Lucky Four Blister according to directions, and repeat every two weeks until lameness is overcome.
See Prescription No. 161, page 181.
All owners of horses should examine their horses' teeth and should be able to tell by examination whether they should be dressed or not.
The way to examine them is to back the horse into a single stall, remove the halter or bridle, and if need be put a neck strap on the animal, then stand directly in front of the horse and reach into the mouth, grasp the tongue and pull it out and to one side with one hand, and lift the sides of the cheeks with the other. In this way you will be able to see the full set of molars or grinders. If they need dressing, the inside edges of the lower teeth and the outside edges of the upper teeth will be ragged, rough and sharp.
Sometimes in examining a horse in this manner you will find one or more teeth considerably longer than the others, in which case, or where the edges are sharp, the teeth should be properly dressed by a qualified veterinarian who thoroughly under-stands dentistry. In fact, all horses should be thus examined, and especially horses that are out of condition.
When a horse has a sore or lame tendon, or when inflamed so as to produce lameness, it should first be thoroughly rubbed with Badger Balm. Then apply the Antiseptic Poultice until all heat and swelling have disappeared, after which remove the lameness by applying Lucky Four Blister as directed. See Prescription No. 162, page 181.
Swollen testicles may occur as the result of bruises, kicks or stings, and the trouble frequently happens to stallions during breeding season.
Bathe parts with warm water, then apply Badger Balm, thoroughly rubbed in, and follow by the use of the Antiseptic Poultice. This is done by placing a wide bandage around the belly, just in front of the hips, then attaching another strip to it just at the point of the sheath; bring up between the thighs and along the side of the tail and fasten to the other strip just over the loins or kidneys. In this manner a poultice may be applied easily, and its use is very important in such cases.
See Prescription for Scalds and Burns No. 151, page 180.
Is an unnatural enlargement of the hock, and is indicated by a puff in front and outside of the hock, passing entirely through the hock. This trouble may happen to horses of any age, but the treatment is very much more satisfactory in young horses than in old ones, and is as follows :
Clip off the hair from all parts and wash with warm water and soap. A few hours later apply Absorbent to the puffs, both in front and at the side of the hock. In this manner all curable cases of Thoroughpins can be cured.
See Prescription No. 163, page 181.