Horse Health & Care - Part 6
( Originally Published 1912 )
It is also called Pneumonia and is inflammation of the lungs. It may be caused in various ways, but the most common cause is taking cold and being neglected.
A horse with Lung Fever may or may not have a cough. He will stand with his elbows turned out most of the time, and seldom ever lies down.
Apply White Liniment to both sides of the chest over the ribs and also the throat. Give Laxotonic to loosen the bowels.
Give Fever Paste to reduce the fever. Give Horse Tonic to keep up the appetite. Give one gallon of warm water as an injection (per rectum) to keep the bowels open. Dip gunny sacks in a solution of Germ Killer or Disinfectall three times daily and hang them around the sick stall to kill the germs which are always present.
The stall should be ventilated. Plenty of sunlight. Keep stall warm in winter and cool in summer. Place a blanket on the animal if needed. Keep the stall clean, well drained and use plenty of bedding. Give plenty of cold water, bran mashes and grass in season.
See Prescription No. 131, page 179.
This is inflammation of the lymphatic glands of the body or limbs, and is more commonly known as "Monday Morning Disease." It comes on from Sunday rest and high feeding. It is more often seen in the hind limbs than in the front ones, and is more liable to affect the left leg than the right.
Give a Physic Ball and follow with Horse Tonic. If the fever be high, give Fever Paste. Apply the Badger Balm to all swellings of the limbs or body and rub it in thoroughly. Give soft feed, such as bran mashes, grass in season, and lots of exercise when the animal is able to take it.
See Prescription No. 132, page 179.
Mange is a skin disease which comes under the head of "Eczema." See Prescription No. 111, page 179.
This is a disease of the eyes, and it is also known as Periodical Opthalmia. It gets both of the names from the fact that it affects a horse at regular periods and was formerly supposed to be controlled by the moon. It may affect one or both eyes at any time.
Remove wolf teeth, if any, by pulling them, instead of breaking them off. There is no. treatment that will cure this disease, but improvement has been effected by giving the animal a Physic Ball and following with Horse Tonic.
Bathe the eyes with a solution of Antisepto three times daily and then inject the Eye Lotion as directed, until all inflammation is gone. Keep animal in dark stable during the stage of intense inflammation.
See Prescription No. 133, page 179.
If the animal's teeth need dressing, have them dressed and apply Healing Oil to all sore or inflamed parts. Change bits if necessary. See Prescription No. 134, page 179.
Is a Catarrhal Discharge from one or both nostrils and is often caused by a bad cold or Distemper.
Give a Physic Ball and follow with the Horse Tonic. Apply White Liniment to the nostril or nostrils affected, as high up as to come even with the lower part of the eyes, and within three inches of the hole of the nostril. This treatment should be continued until the animal is entirely cured.
See Prescription No. 135, page 179,
NAVEL DISEASE IN COLTS.
This is a disease that affects the navel cord, and this takes place oftentimes at birth, due to the part becoming infected by germs which not only cause the navel to become sore and inflamed, but enter the body at this point and cause a swelling of the joints of colts. This results in lameness and a gathering of matter or pus, and unless proper treatment is promptly given, the disease will cause a sloughing of the joints and death will follow.
It is better to prevent this disease than to treat it. This can be done by applying Umbilicure to the end of the navel cord for several days immediately after birth.
Treatment of the Disease After it has Caused the Joints to Swell.
Give Fever Paste internally and apply Badger Balm and Antiseptic Poultice externally. Keep colt from lying on damp ground or wet stalls. See Prescription No. 136, page 180.
This is caused by continual pounding on hard surfaces, such as pavements, and the treatment is not very satisfactory. Removing a part of or severing the nerves of the feet will enable an animal to do work for some time without limping, but there is great danger of the foot dropping off.
This means an injury to a joint to such an extent as to cause the joint water to flow out. The joint water forms as fast as it flows out, so as soon as the flow is stopped the joint fills up again with as much of the fluid as Nature requires to lubricate the joints.
Clip off the hair and wash the joint and wound with a solution of Germ Killer. When dry, apply Lucky Four Blister to the entire joint, as per direction given on Blister. Apply Absorbent to the wound. Do not disturb the scab or wash the wound after the first washing. If the discharge of joint water does not cease in four days, one pint of the Antisepto Solution, which is made by dissolving one table-spoonful of Antisepto in a pint of water which has been boiled and cooled to blood heat, should be injected once daily into the joint until discharge ceases. Follow with Absorbent.
See Prescription No. 137, page 180.
This is a loss of power, both of motion and of sensation, but one may occur without the other. The kind of Paralysis which is most common is due to Azoturia or an excess of uric acid in the blood, and must be treated the same as Azoturia.
See Prescription No. 138, page 180.
Is a term applied to a small living organism which lives on other animals, burrowing into the skin and producing irritation and a disease such as Mange in animals, or the Itch in human beings. For treatment see article on "Eczema,"
See Prescription No. 139, page 18Q,
This is the act of giving birth to the offspring. The animal should be placed in a loose box-stall and given plenty of bedding. After the mare has labored for several hours, she should be examined to see if everything is all right. If she is not, she should be given special attention. After colt is born, the mare should be washed out with a solution of Antisepto (two quarts), then place one pound of lard (in chunks) into the womb. Do this once daily until she has recovered.
See Prescription No. 140, page 180.
This is very much like "Laryngitis" and the treatment is the same. See Prescription No. 141, page 180.
This is the genital organ of the male and should be given some attention, such an washing out the sheath with a solution of Germ Killer every sixty days, and if the penis be sore, apply Healing Oil.
Are Physic Balls, of which all horses should receive no less than four each year, and at most, one every two weeks, until put in good condition.
Whenever the blood is out of order, the skin rough or covered with pimples, or the animal has a staring coat, no gloss to it, or is unthrifty in any way, you will know he needs a Physic Ball and it should be followed with Horse Tonic.
Pimples are only an indication that the blood is out of order, and the proper method of treatment is to give a Physic Ball and follow with the Horse Tonic if the pimples do not disappear readily. Apply Skin Ointment to all parts affected.
See Prescription No. 142, page 180.
(See Catarrhal Fever, page 111.) See Prescription No. 97, page 180.
Pleurisy is usually brought on by taking cold. It is an inflamed condition of the covering of the lungs and resembles Lung Fever. Give Fever Paste internally and apply White Liniment externally to both sides of the chest, also to the throat. Give warm water injections (per rectum) to keep bowels open, and care for the animal the same as you would in the case of Lung Fever.
See Prescription No. 143, page 180.
Is "Lung Fever" and the treatment is the same. (See page 123.) See Prescription No. 131, page 180.
Poll Evil is a large, hot, painful swelling on the forward and upper part of the neck just between and back of the ears, and is usually caused by bruises or violence of some form, such as jamming the head against the ceiling of the stable, or rearing up and falling over backwards, the result being the same, regardless of the cause. After the parts become hot, inflamed and swollen, pus or matter usually forms, and unless it is overcome by absorption, the cavities become filled with pus and later on break open if not previously lanced.
When the disease first appears, the treatment consists in repeated applications of Antiseptic Poultice until the fever and inflammation have° been reduced ; then wash off parts thoroughly and clip off the hair and mane, and apply a good application of Lucky Four Blister. This may be repeated every two weeks, or until the enlargement has disappeared or been brought to a head. In the latter case it should be opened at the lowest point and thoroughly drained, the operator making an incision from two to three inches long. The cavity then is to be thoroughly washed out with a solution of Germ Killer, and the Healing Lotion or Absorbent injected once daily. In this manner any Poll Evil can be permanently cured.
See Prescription No. 144, page 180.
This is an intense swelling of the limbs, head and under the belly, including the sheath or udder. The swelling comes on slowly but steadily and must run its course, causing the eyes to close from the intense swelling.
Give a Physic Ball at once and give Fever Paste to reduce the fever. Give Horse Tonic to keep up appetite. Give warm water injections (per rectum) to keep bowels open and apply Badger Balm, well rubbed in, to all swollen parts. If the heels crack, use Healing Oil and Healing Lotion—first one, then the other, as directed.
See Prescription No. 145, page 180.