Horse Health & Care - Part 5
( Originally Published 1912 )
Heaves is a derangement of the blood vessels and air tubes of the lungs. The most common cause is Indigestion, or the animal may be out of condition. As soon as a horse gets out of condition there is great danger of an attack of Heaves.
Give a Physic Ball and keep the animal from eating from 12 to 24 hours, then give Horse Tonic to tone up the system and digestive organs, and follow treatment by giving a moderate amount of feed with Heave Powder in it. Give water sparingly and a reasonable amount of hay. Dampen all the feed.
After you have given a Physic Ball, Horse Tonic and one package of Heave Powder, you can easily see how much you have improved him, and if he is not entirely cured, continue with the Heave Powder until he is well, and give a Physic Ball every two weeks.
See Prescription No. 81, page 179.
The term "hipped" means the knocking down of the points of the hip bone. This can be done without injury to any joint, and for this reason the animal usually recovers from all lameness, but is always left deformed, though still useful.
Apply Badger Balm to all hot or inflamed parts around the hip until all heat, swelling and inflammation have disappeared. Then make an application of Lucky Four Blister between hip and stifle, every two weeks, until the animal has fully recovered.
See Prescription No. 121, page 179.
IMPACTION OF THE BOWELS.
Impaction of the bowels means a stoppage of the bowels and the most frequent cause is overloading the stomach and bowels with bulky feed, such as straw or over-ripe hay. Another cause is paralysis of the bowels. It is for this reason that salts or oil should not be given a horse in this condition.
You will know this trouble by noticing that the horse acts as if he had the Colic. He will lie down, get up, perhaps pass a little water and a little manure, but only enough manure to deceive you. He will stretch himself, look around to his sides, and perhaps keep on eating.
Give a dose of Colic Drench and follow in three or four hours with a dose of Laxotonic. Repeat the Colic Drench and Laxotonic every six hours, giving them at intervals of three hours. Give four quarts of warm water (per rectum) three times daily, by the use of the flushing outfit. If the animal be in great pain, one-fourth pound of powdered mustard, mixed with a little warm water to make a thick paste, should be applied to the abdomen or belly. Apply lard over the abdomen in 12 hours, to keep the mustard from blistering. A Physic Ball should not be given unless in the early stage of impaction.
See Prescription No. 122, page 179.
INDIGESTION OR "OUT OF CONDITION."
This is a derangement of the stomach and bowels and is brought on by eating too much when the stomach is not in condition to digest food. You will know this trouble by the following symptoms : He will eat plenty, but will not do well. There will be a rough coat, lack of ambition, bowels either too dry or too loose. This is spoken of as being "out of condition."
Give a Physic Ball and. follow with Horse Tonic. Repeat the Physic Ball every two weeks, and continue with the Horse Tonic until the animal has fully recovered, becomes fleshy, sleek, ambitious and able to do a good day's work. Give ground oats, bran and good tame hay, and see that he has regular exercise.
See Prescription No. 123, page 179.
Influenza is a Catarrhal affection of the air passages, usually of the head and throat, but if neglected the disease will affect the lungs. It is similar to Distemper, and the care and treatment are much the same.
Give Fever Paste and apply the White Liniment to the throat from ear to ear.
Keep up the appetite of the horse by giving Horse Tonic. Keep the bowels loose by giving Laxotonic and injections of four quarts of warm water (per rectum) by the use of flushing outfit.
In very severe cases of influenza, one ounce (two tablespoonfuls) of good whiskey should be added to the Fever Paste. If there be loud breathing, apply Antiseptic Poultice to the throat. Disinfect stables with Germ Killer or Disinfectall, hanging around the sick stall sacks that have been dipped in the solution, three times daily.
See Prescription No. 124, page 179.
The usual method to inject warm water into the rectum of an animal is by the use of a flushing outfit, and this is a very important thing to do in all ailments and diseases except where the bowels are already too loose.
An injection makes it possible and easy for an animal to empty and expel the contents of the rectum without straining enough to injure itself in any way. The amount of warm water used is from two to six quarts and is injected into the rectum by the use of a flushing outfit, placing the tube from four to twelve inches into the rectum, holding the funnel up as high as the hose will permit, and pouring warm water into it as fast as it will run into the animal.
The chief work of the kidneys is to expel all impurities from the system, and if they fail to do this, you will soon have a sick animal. You will know it by a stiffened gait of the hind parts, the horse taking very short steps and being stiff in turning, showing an inclination to stretch as if wanting to pass water. This is a very serious disease and must receive prompt and proper attention.
In the early stage of the disease give a Physic Ball and follow with the Kidney Aid. Give warm water injections, bran mashes, good hay and plenty of drinking water. All horses should receive Kidney Aid daily when subject to this disease.
See Prescription No. 125, page 179.
Lameness is a disease or an injured condition of a joint, ligament, tendon, hoof or muscle of an animal, and can be located usually by heat, swelling, inflammation, enlargements, and lack of action in any part of the body or limbs. The signs of locations are as follows.
Hoof lameness improves with exercise. In cases of splint lameness a horse walks as though sound, but trots lame. In shoulder lameness a horse stumbles considerably. Joint lameness is usually indicated by heat and swelling. Tendon lameness the same. In ligament lameness there is no swelling, no heat and there will be no recovery unless the trouble is located and treated. In ringbone and curb lameness there is always an enlargement present. Bone spavin lameness sometimes appears without enlargement. The animal starts off on the points of his toes, and warms out of it as he is exercised. Bog spavin or thoroughpin always shows an enlargement.
Apply Antiseptic Poultice until all heat and inflammation are gone from the seat of the injury; then the parts should be clipped, washed, dried and Absorbent thoroughly applied in each of the following ailments : Ligament Lameness, Bog Spavin, Thoroughpins, Capped Elbows, Wind Puffs, Corns, and all unnatural enlargements on the body or limbs. In other forms of lameness the parts should be prepared as above mentioned and Bone Blister applied to the following ailments : Splints, Curbs, Ringbones, Bone Spavins and Capped Hock.
See Prescription No. 126, page 179.
The parts should be clipped, washed, dried and Lucky Four Blister thoroughly applied where the following ailments exist: Shoulder Lameness, Sweeny, Stifle Lameness, Hip Joint Lameness, Sprained Joints, Tendons, and all parts requiring good, deep, stimulating blister. Hoof lameness due to nail wounds, gravel or bruises, should be thoroughly poulticed with the Antiseptic Poultice, and all cavities washed out with a solution of Germ Killer, after which inject Healing Oil. Plug all holes in bottom of hoof with absorbent cotton dipped in Healing Oil to pre-vent foreign matter from getting into the wounds. The poultice should be applied after the hoof is thus treated, as it keeps down inflammation and lessens the danger of Lockjaw.
See Prescription No. 127, page 179.
Is an inflammation of the lining of the throat and is often accompanied by a sweIling which causes the animal to breathe very hard. Unless proper care and treatment are given there is great danger of the horse smothering to death. In these cases it is often necessary to insert a silver tube through an incission made into the wind-pipe, at a point about 12 inches below the angle of the jaw.
Give Fever Paste. Apply White Liniment to the throat from ear to ear, and if there is hard breathing, apply the Antiseptic Poultice to the throat from ear to ear. Keep up appetite with Horse Tonic. Keep bowels open by warm water injections, disinfect stalls with solution of Germ Killer or Disinfectall.
See Prescription No. 128, page 179.
This is a catarrhal or inflamed condition of the mucous membrane or lining of the genital organs, and is a very detrimental disease if neglected. It often prevents mares from getting with foal.
Give Breeding Tonic. Wash out the vagina with a solution of Antisepto, by the use of a flushing outfit.
See Prescription No. 129, page 179.
Lice are small insects which infest live stock and do a great deal more damage to them than the average stockman realizes.
It is a positive fact that if a stock owner knew just how much untold agony, to say nothing of the loss of flesh, that lice cause, he would not sleep until he had done all in his power to destroy the restless pests.
Diolice should be thoroughly applied and dusted into the hair on all parts of the animal.
See Prescription No. 130, page 179.