Horse Health & Care - Part 3
( Originally Published 1912 )
CASTRATION OR CUTTING COLTS
This is an operation which the owner of horses very seldom undertakes, but in case he should desire to do so, the parts should be thoroughly washed with a solution of Germ Killer and then apply a little Healing Oil. All the instruments used, and the operator's hands, should first be thoroughly washed in a solution of Germ Killer and dipped in Healing Oil to prevent infection.
See Prescription No. 96, page 178.
CATARRHAL FEVER OR PINK EYE.
Catarrhal Fever is similar to Distemper or Strangles, affecting the mucous membrane, especially the air passages, and if neglected often causes Pneumonia and Bronchitis. There is usually a discharge from both nostrils. First it is a thin, watery discharge, but it often becomes thick and matter-like. Again in many instances the horse may have Catarrhal Fever without discharging from the nostrils. There will be a soreness of the throat, inability to swallow, and loss of appetite,
If the temperature does not exceed 103 degrees the animal should be given a Physic Ball. If it should, omit the Physic Ball.
Apply White Liniment to the throat from ear to ear. If there be loud breathing, apply Antiseptic Poultice from ear to ear to allay the inflammation. Give Fever Paste to reduce the temperature (in bad cases add one ounce of good whiskey to each dose of Fever Paste), and give Horse Tonic to keep up the appetite, and warm water injections to loosen up the bowels. Make a solution of Germ Killer or Disinfectall and dip gunny sacks in it and hang them around the stables to destroy the germs.
Allow the animal plenty of cold water to drink, and laxative food, such as bran mashes and grass in season.
See Prescription No. 97, page 178.
This is a stoppage of the food in the swallowing tube or gullet. Usually the obstruction stops just before entering the stomach, and as the animal swallows, each swallow is stopped in the tube until the tube, or gullet, is filled up with saliva and food. It will then begin to come out of the horse's nostrils in a mixture of feed, froth and saliva.
The animal, in its effort to swallow, appears to have a spasm, often squealing in a desparate effort to pass the food down.
Lead the animal down a steep embankment, stopping him at the steepest place, where the hind parts will be very much elevated above the front parts. Then, by pressing the head downward, a great part of the matter will pass out through the nostrils. You are then to lead Aim back into the stable ; back him into a single stall, and by the use of a Drenching I-look draw his head up gently and give him half a dose of Colic Drench, but only give him one swallow at a time and that through the mouth, never through the nostrils. Then turn him loose in a large box stall. He should not be allowed to eat a mouthful of food of any kind. Neither should he be allowed to drink any water.
In an hour lead him again down the embankment, and after so doing give him another dose of Colic Drench. This should be repeated in the manner described every hour until the horse recovers. Feed sparingly after he recovers.
See Prescription No. 98, page 178.
To prevent and overcome Cocked Ankles, the toe calk should be left off and the heel of the shoe raised with heel calks. Apply White Liniment to the tendons from the hock or knee to the ankle. This should be continued until the proper results are obtained.
See Prescription No. 99, page 178.
COLD IN THE HEAD.
A cold in the head may be thought by most attendants to be Distemper, but as the treatment is like that of Distemper, it does not matter.
The treatment consists of applying White Liniment to the throat from ear to ear, giving the Fever Paste to reduce the temperature, and giving the Horse Tonic to keep up the appetite. Warm water injections should be given (per rectum), to empty the bowels.
See Prescription No. 100, page 178,
Constipation in itself is not a serious ailment, but frequently leads on to more dangerous conditions and should be prevented and overcome by the use of a colic drench and four quarts of warm water injections (per rectum) by the use of a flushing outfit. The animal should receive Laxotonic, soft food and regular exercise.
See Prescription No. 102, page 178.
Corns are brought on by improper shoeing and bruises of the feet, and the treatment consists in removing the shoe, poulticing the foot with Antiseptic Poultice, trimming out the diseased and bruised tissues and applying Absorbent according to directions.
See Prescription No. 103, page 178.
A Cough is due to an irritation of the throat and is often brought on by taking cold, or coming down with a catarrhal disease, such as Distemper, Influenza, etc.
Apply White Liniment to the throat from ear to ear and give the Fever Paste as directed; in stubborn cases a Physic Ball should be given, as in some instances the cough may be due to an irritation caused' by Indigestion.
See Prescription No. 104, page 178.
Cracked Heels may be due to several causes, such as an impure condition of the blood, stocking and swelling of the limbs, traveling in cold, slushy mud, or snow water.
Give the horse a Physic Ball and follow with the Horse Tonic.. Wash the affected parts of the heels with warm water and soap. After they are clean and dry apply the Badger Balm. After the parts are once cleansed, washing should be omitted entirely, as water has a tendency to irritate and aggravate the Cracked Heels.
See Prescription No. 105, page 178.
There are only two kinds of Colic, Spasmodic and Wind Colic. They are often caused by a disturbance of the stomach and bowels, viz., indigestion and fermentation of feed.
Wind Colic does not cause the animals to be in such intense pain as Spasmodic Colic, but in both cases they look around to their sides. There is pawing, stamping and kicking at the stomach; frequent getting up and lying down; rolling from side to side and oftentimes lying on the back.
Colic is usually an ailment easy to detect, and unless it is given proper and immediate attention it often terminates in rupture or inflammation of the bowels, in which case death follows.
Back the horse into a single stall and by the use of a Drenching Hook drench him (see cut) with a dose of Colic Drench. Turn him into a loose box stall with plenty of bedding and give him an injection of four quarts of warm water (per rectum) by the use of a flushing outfit. Place a blanket on him. Give another dose of Colic Drench in from one to three hours if necessary, and follow with Laxotonic; apply a quarter of a pound of mustard thoroughly mixed with a little warm water, making a thin paste, which should be thoroughly rubbed on the abdomen or belly. Apply lard over the mustard in 12 hours to prevent its blistering.
Always allow a horse with Colic to lie down if he so desires. Never walk, trot or exercise a horse with Colic. A horse that is supposed to be subject to Colic should have his teeth examined and be given a Physic Ball and Tonic several times during the year, as this will prevent him from having Indigestion and Colic.
See Prescription No. 101, page 178.
A drench means a liquid dose of medicine which is given to a horse by pouring same down the throat. While this may be a simple act, it is, however, accompanied by great danger, therefore a little knowledge and good advice may be very beneficial to the one who does the drenching.
Never drench a horse if he has a sore throat.
Never drench a horse through the nostrils.
How To Drench.
Back the horse into a single stall. Fasten a Drench Hook to the rafters just above the horse's head; by means of a rope place a loop around the front upper teeth, and gently draw the horse's head up.
The medicine should be well shaken before giving. Drench the horse slowly, by giving him one swallow of the medicine at a time, allowing him sufficient time to swallow before pouring more medicine into his mouth.
A horse that is unable to swallow should have the medicine given to him in the form of a powder or paste, on the tongue, by the use of a spoon.
Great care should be exercised in examining a horse's throat to determine whether it is in a condition to be drenched or not. This can be ascertained by pinching the throat with the thumb and finger, and if this causes the horse to cough, then great care should be taken in drenching the animal.