Horse Health & Care - Part 2
( Originally Published 1912 )
BARRENNESS IN MARES
Barrenness, sterility or failure to breed in mares is due to imperfect, unnatural, or diseased genital organs. Imperfection of the genital organs may be due to an undeveloped womb or ovaries.
Unnatural Condition of the Organs.
An unnatural, swollen and inflamed condition of the genital organs may be brought on by a retention of the afterbirth, this being allowed to be retained in a decomposed condition until the mouth of the womb becomes irritated, scalded and sore, so that when it closes it heals so firmly that it cannot always be opened without mechanical aid.
The genital organs may become diseased from several causes, the main cause being neglect, when they become affected with a catarrhal discharge. This disease is called Leucorrhoea, or Whites, and if a mare be served while in this condition the semen of the stallion will be destroyed by this corrosive discharge, thus pre-venting conception.
All Healthy Mares Should Breed.
All reasonably healthy mares should be made to breed. This can be done with little trouble and slight expense if given proper attention. Many a valuable mare has been sacrificed or disposed of for the reason that she would not breed. This may have been due to a lack of proper information pertaining to this subject. It is a very important thing that a mare, in order to conceive, be in a reasonably healthy condition. The genital organs- should be in a condition to perform their functional duties as nature would have them. A lack of secretion or an excess of. secretion renders conception difficult. A lack of ambition or vigor, or an over amount of same, renders conception difficult. This should be overcome and controlled by the use of the Breeding Tonic, which contains ingredients that will regulate and control the genital organs. A mare should not be too thin (emaciated), thus lacking the strength which nature demands. Neither should she be too fat (plethoric), or over stimulated, for in this condition conception would be difficult.
Favorable Signs for Breeding.
A mare before breeding should be carefully examined to make sure that there is no unnatural discharge from the vulva. An unnatural discharge from the vulva may be a mucus streaked with or containing drops of matter, or pus, having a disagreeable odor and being of a very sticky nature, adhering to the tail or thighs. This would indicate a diseased condition of the genital organs and should be given prompt attention.
Antisepto Solution Important.
The genital organs of all barren mares should be washed out with this solution until they conceive, whether they have a discharge or not. This solution will overcome the acid secretion which kills the semen of the stallion and prevents the mare from conceiving. It will also prevent and destroy germs, soothe and heal all inflamed mucous membranes, thus preventing the formation of germs and the spread of the disease. If a mare be cared for according to the demands of nature and fails to get with foal, after being bred a reasonable number of times, she should have the mouth of the womb opened. This is done while the mare is in heat by inserting from one to two fingers. This will dilate the neck of the womb and make conception easy.
Treatment of Barrenness.
Barren mares should be given Breeding Tonic in their feed and their genital organs should be washed out with the Antisepto Solution.
As barrenness is either due to a diseased or weakened condition of the genital organs, it is unreasonable to expect a mare to breed until this condition is over-come. The Breeding Tonic contains such ingredients as will tone and strengthen and regulate the genital organs, in this manner putting them in a strong, healthy breeding condition. The neck of the womb can be opened by the fingers, if necessary, after this treatment.
See Prescription No. 83 for Treatment of Barren Mares, page 177.
Bloating is due to indigestion and is caused by feed hard to digest. In order to avoid this trouble, which often proves fatal, see that your horses are digesting their feed. Their teeth should be well dressed.
This bloating is more often called Wind Colic. It usually comes on rather suddenly and continues, if not checked, until the animal's abdomen becomes very much distended, and unless the horse receives a dose of Colic Drench it may be necessary to resort to tapping. This is done on the right side of a horse, and the left side of a cow, and the seat of operation is located a little below the point of hip and the last rib. The instrument used is a trocar and a canula, which is usually a little smaller than a cattle trocar.
Before the operation the parts should be washed with a solution of Germ Killer. Cut a slit one-fourth of an inch long through the skin before attempting to insert the trocar. The instrument should be thoroughly washed with a solution of Germ Killer and dipped in Healing Oil. This will prevent infection. An injection of four quarts of warm water (per rectum) should be given by the use of a Flushing outfit.
See Prescription No. 84, page 177.
See Blood Poisoning in Cattle, page 63. See Prescription No. 10, page 177.
This is a distension of the synovial bersa and is located just in front and to the inside of the hock joint and is usually caused by strains.
The treatment, which is very effectual in colts, consists in washing off the hock thoroughly with soap and water, allowing it to dry. Clip off the hair and apply the Absorbent according to directions. The animal should rest during the treatment, but good results have followed even when the treatment has been applied and the animal worked.
See Prescription No. 85, page 177.
Bone Spavin in horses is known by the limp and the enlargement, which is a hard, bony growth on the inner side of the hock joint, usually low down and a little forward of the center of the leg. In traveling there will be a quick hitch with the sound leg and a stiff movement of the lame leg, bearing the weight on the toe, most noticable in starting. The enlargement is due to a growth between the outer edges of the hock joint bones.
The proper way to treat this is to absorb the growth between the edges of the bone by the use of Bone Blister. When this is done the lameness will cease. See Prescription No. 86, page 177.
Broken knee means that a horse has fallen on his knees and broken the tissues, oftentimes so extensively as to cause the joint oil to flow.
The treatment consists in washing the parts thoroughly with a solution of Germ Killer. Then apply Healing Oil around the wound to the bruise, and apply Absorbent to the wound itself.
Keep the animal quiet and free from exercise. If the animal has a desire to bite the sore, its head should be tied up.
See Prescription No. 87, page 177.
Broken Wind is similar to Heaves and should be treated in the same manner. See Prescription No. 88, page 177.
Bronchitis is similar to Pneumonia or Lung Fever and should be treated in the same manner.
See Prescription No. 89, page 177.
Bruises and swellings affecting any part of the body should be treated by thoroughly rubbing in Badger Balm and applying Antiseptic Poultice. This should be repeated and continued until all heat and swelling have disappeared.
See Prescription No. 90, page 177.
BRUISES OF THE FROG.
This is usually due to traveling on stony roads, and the treatment consists in applying the Antiseptic Poultice and continuing same until all soreness. heat and lameness have disappeared.
See Prescription No. 91, page 177.
BURNS AND SCALDS.
All burns and scalds should be treated by applying Healing Oil or Badger Balm, followed with Antiseptic Poultice.
See Prescription No. 92, page 178.
A calk wound is usually caused by one horse stepping on another one; and a horse may calk itself.
The hair should be clipped from the injured parts and the parts washed off with a Germ Killer solution; then by the use of the blacksmith's knife all parts of the broken hoof should be trimmed down as closely as possible to give the wound a good drainage and prevent the formation of pus or matter which usually forms there. Lack of drainage will have a tendency to cause the horse to lose its hoof.
Apply Healing Oil around the wound and touch the wound with Absorbent. Then apply Antiseptic Poultice to the entire wound. The animal should receive laxative and soft feed during the treatment.
See Prescription No. 93, page 178.
CAPPED ELBOW OR SHOE BOIL.
This is an enlargement usually due to bruising of the point of the elbow where a collection of liquid gathers in the form of a large sack. If the sack is quite large and very soft it should be opened and thoroughly washed out with a solution of Germ Killer ; then inject the Absorbent. If the shoe boil is not ready to open it may be removed by applying the Absorbent.
See Prescription, No. 94, page 178.
Capped Knee may be treated in the same manner as Capped Hock. See Prescription No. 95, page 178.
This is an enlargement due to bruising of the point of the hock and should always be looked after and treated in its earliest stage. The treatment consists in clipping off the hair, washing off the parts and when dry applying Absorbent. One washing is usually sufficient. If a blister is required, apply the Bone Blister according to directions.
See Prescription No. 95, page 178.