Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 3
( Originally Published 1912 )
TREATMENT FOR RETENTION OF AFTERBIRTH
To overcome this condition the cow should be given a loose stall, dry, clean, and warm, with plenty of sunlight and good ventilation. A blanket may be placed on her if necessary. Plenty of warm drinks, good, clean, warm, sloppy, nourishing food, containing such ingredients as will loosen the bowels by toning them; and will tone and stimulate the genital organs so as to put the cotyledons or buttons in a perfectly healthy condition. This will enable the cow to naturally expel the after-birth, which should be removed from the box stall as soon as expelled, so as to prevent the cow from eating it.
The ingredients which will enable the genital organs to perform their functional duties and will enable a cow to expel her afterbirth in a natural manner are contained in the Cow Cleaner, which is prepared especially for and should be given in all cases of retained afterbirth.
Prevent Blood Poisoning.
In retention of the afterbirth it is very essential to prevent putrefaction, decomposition, and absorption of the decomposing mass; also to prevent and destroy germs, soothe the irritated parts, prevent inflammation and hasten the expulsion of the afterbirth. It is very necessary to use such ingredients in the form of a solution for washing out the vagina while the afterbirth is retained, and even after the expulsion of same and until all discharge ceases, as will accomplish all this. At the same time the solution must he harmless in case the animal absorbs part of it, which she is very liable to do. Many a valuable cow has been ruined or destroyed by absorbing powerful, poisonous solutions for washing out the genital organs.
To avoid this danger, use Antisepto for preparing an Antiseptic solution which is to be injected with a hose and funnel into the vagina of all cows afflicted with retention of afterbirth. This Antisepto is an especially prepared remedy for washing the genital organs of cattle.
Antisepto is invaluable for this purpose, as it contains ingredients that prevent and destroy germs, at the same time is healing and soothing to the delicate organs of the cow and is harmless if absorbed.
An abscess may be detected, if situated externally, by heat, pain, redness, and swelling in the early stage.
The opening of an abscess should be encouraged by poulticing with Antiseptic Poultice. However, if lanced, care should be taken not to open too soon. The time to open an abscess is just before it is ready to break.
The cavity should be kept open and syringed out with a solution of Germ Killer once or twice daily, then inject the Healing Oil and Healing Lotion, alternately, as directed.
See Prescription No. 4, page 174.
Anthrax in cattle is an infectious disease which is caused by bacteria, or germs known as anthrax baccili. While Anthrax is somewhat limited to cattle and sheep, it may be transmitted to other animals, but poultry are immune.
It is a dangerous disease, owing to the fact that man is susceptible to it and is sometimes infected by removing the hide from animals which have died from this disease.
When cattle are afflicted with this disease there is usually a high fever; the temperature may run from 106 to 107 degrees; the pulse beats from 80 to 100 beats per minute; they quit chewing their cud, and have an anxious look upon their contenance; they are soon taken with chills; the ears and horns are cold, and the coat staring.
The animals appear dull and stupid, and manifest great weakness. There is champing of the jaws, spasms of the limbs, kicking and pawing the ground. They usually breathe hard, and the nostrils become distended, the mouth opened, and the head raised. The mucous membrane of the nose and mouth become blueish. They usually manifest their pain by moaning and groaning. In the last stages of the disease, blood usually oozes from the mouth, nose and bowels.
The use of Anthrax Vaccine as a preventative for stock against a subsequent attack of Anthrax is advisable, but owing to the fact that this Vaccine contains anthrax baccillus, which though having been modified may have power to take on its original destructive' power, too much stress cannot be laid upon the necessity of having the Vaccine administered by one who thoroughly understands the detailed conditions of the case in question.
See Prescription No. 5, page 174.
Cattle thus afflicted have a strong desire to lick the walls, eat dirt and filth, that a healthy animal would have no desire for.
Give good, clean, wholesome feed, and give Cow Tonic, according to directions. Medicate all salt with STOKVIGOR.
See Prescription No. 6, page 174.
The government estimates the country's annual loss of live stock by disease to be fully twenty million dollars. This loss can be greatly reduced by the study of live stock, their care and- improvement, their symptoms and diseases, their cure by prevention and treatment.
An inferior, non-profitable, pure-bred or grade cow should be slaughtered rather than let her produce more of the same kind.
It is surely more advisable to keep a few well bred, high producing cows in place of a lot of inferior non-producing cows that are in reality only boarders.
Barrenness, sterility, or failure to breed in cows and heifers, is due either to imperfect, unnatural, or diseased genital organs.
Imperfection of the Genital Organs.
This is one of the causes of barrenness, and may be due to an undeveloped womb or imperfect ovaries.
It is usually the case that when a twin heifer and bull calf are born, and the bull proves to be fruitful, the heifer is barren, and vice versa. If this be the case with the heifer, she is not liable to come in heat at all, and is very apt to take on a masculine appearance ; more often having the appearance of a steer than a bull. Even after she has arrived at breeding age, the breeding organs are undeveloped and there is no sign of an udder, this being proof of imperfect genital organs.
An animal thus afflicted can never be made to breed.
Unnatural Condition of the Organs.
An unnatural, swollen and inflamed condition of the genital organs may be brought on by retention of the afterbirth, this being allowed to be retained in a decomposing condition until it rots away, leaving the mouth of the womb irritated, scalded and sore, so that when it does close, it heals closed so firmly that it cannot be opened without mechanical aid in the form of a dilator.
The genital organs may become diseased from several causes, chief of which is neglect, in cases of retained afterbirth, the same becoming decomposed and converted into matter, causing a catarrhal condition of the mucuous membrane of the womb and vagina.
If a cow be served while in this condition, the semen of the bull will be destroyed by this corrosive discharge, thus preventing conception.
Diseased Bull May Cause Barrenness.
If a healthy cow be bred to a bull infected with germs of abortion, she is very liable to become infected. This infection will set up a catarrhal condition of the womb and vagina, and irritate the mouth and neck of the womb to such an extent as to cause sane to become sore, and when this sore heals, the scar tissue and cartilage formations are so firm and rigid that they will not open without mechanical aid.
Tumorous Growth May Cause Barrenness.
A slow catarrhal condition of the womb oftentimes causes a gristly, sticky, pliable- formation of mucous, called Neoplasm. This renders conception more or less difficult. The formation of small growths, such as tumors, which are liable to form on any part of the genital organs, but are more apt to be at the mouth or in the neck of the womb, often prevent conception.
Barrenness May Be Transmitted.
A barren cow, afflicted with a catarrhal discharge of the genital organs may be bred to a perfectly healthy bull; the bull then becoming infected. He in turn may be bred to a perfectly healthy cow, which has never been afflicted with barrenness, and she may in this way become infected and rendered barren.
How To Know It.
A reasonably healthy cow or heifer that may be bred once or twice at different periods of heat to a reasonably healthy bull, and fails to get with calf, should be looked upon as barren, unless it may be the fault of the bull, which is very seldom the case., This can be determined very easily by breeding the bull to several of the cows and watching the results. If any of them conceive, that proves that the bull is not at fault.
In case a cow does not conceive it is not advisable to take her to outside bulls, as by so doing chances are being taken of introducing into your herd diseases that may prove more serious than barrenness.
Suspicious Signs of Barrenness.
A cow coming in heat at irregular intervals, or at unreasonable periods, such as the day following the expulsion of a foetus or the birth of a calf, are signs of barrenness.
The mere fact of a cow coming in heat at any time after she is bred should be looked upon with suspicion, and should receive proper attention as early as possible, for the reason that the longer a cow remains barren the more difficult it will be to get her with calf.
All Healthy Cows Should Breed.
All reasonably healthy cows and heifers should be made to breed.
This can be done with little trouble and slight expense if given proper attention. Many a valuable cow and heifer have been sacrificed or disposed of for the reason that they were not made to breed. This may have been due to a lack of proper information pertaining to this subject.
It is very important that a cow in order to conceive be in a reasonably healthy condition. The genital organs should be in a condition to perform their functional duties as nature would have them. A lack of secretion or an excess of secretion, renders conception difficult. A lack of ambition or vigor, or an over amount of same, renders conception difficult, a lack or an excess of either being an unnatural condition of the genital organs. This should be overcome and controlled by the use of the Breeding Tonic, or ingredients that will regulate and control the genital organs.
First of all, the cow or heifer should be in a reasonably healthy condition. She should not be too thin (emaciated), thus lacking the strength which nature demands; neither should she be too fat (plethoric), or over-stimulated, for in this condition conception would be difficult.
Favorable Signs For Breeding.
A cow before breeding should be carefully noticed, to make sure that there is no unnatural discharge from the vulva. A natural discharge would be a discharge of mucous that has every appearance of the white of an egg, and at the period of heat usually contains a little blood.
Unfavorable Conditions for Breeding and Danger of Infection.
An unnatural discharge from the vulva may be a discharge of mucous streaked with or containing drops of matter or pus, or a discharge that is all matter or pus, very sticky in nature, adhering to the roots of the tail, at the same time having a very disagreeable odor. This discharge indicates that the organs are very much diseased.
Sign of Abortion.
Another discharge which is often noticed, and which often follows abortion, is a brownish red, or chocolate-colored discharge, very profuse, having a sweetish, sickening odor. These discharges often stimulate and irritate the genital organs of a cow or heifer, thus causing them to come in heat at irregular periods, such as a day or so after expulsion of the foetus or calf, and if the cow or heifer in such condition be bred to a perfectly healthy bull it may not only infect him and render him in a condition to infect other cows, but may also produce an acute irritation and inflammation, which may leave his organ in such a sore, irritated" condition that he will have no desire to serve a cow until he has been treated with an antiseptic solution.
Bulls Should Have Attention.
The solution, which should be injected into the sheath of the bull, should destroy germs and soothe and heal the irritated and inflamed mucous membrane.
This will enable him to serve a cow when called upon to do so, at the same time preventing him from infecting cows that he may be bred to, also preventing him from becoming infected.
TREATMENT OF BARRENNESS.
All barren cows and heifers should be given Breeding Tonic in their feed, and their genital organs should be washed out with the Antisepto Solution.
Barrenness is due either to a diseased or weakened condition of the genital organs. It is unreasonable to expect a cow or heifer to breed until this condition is overcome.
The Breeding Tonic contains such ingredients as are necessary to tone, strengthen and regulate the genital organs in this manner putting them in a strong, healthy, breeding condition.
Antiseptic Solution Important.
The genital organs of all barren cows and heifers should be washed out with this solution until they conceive, whether they have a discharge or not.
This solution will prevent and overcome the acid secretions which kill the semen of the bull and prevent the cow from conceiving.
It will also prevent and destroy germs, soothe and heal all inflamed mucous membranes, thus preventing the formation of germs and the spread of the disease.
If the cow or heifer be cared for ac-cording to the demands of nature and fails to get with calf after being bred a reasonable number of times, she should then be classed as a barren animal. Upon examination of the neck of the womb it is usually found to be tightly closed. The neck of the womb contains three cartilage rings, which in this closed condition are found to be much contracted. This should be overcome by the use of a womb sound and dilator.
Artificial Means Necessary.
Insert the Womb Sound, then follow with the Womb Dilators which over-come this unnatural diseased condition by being placed as far into the neck of the womb as possible. These dilators contain a preparation which, when it comes in contact with the neck of the womb, or cartilage rings, is absorbed, the result being that the neck of the womb and cartilage rings relax their rigid and contracted condition. The dilator at the same time absorbs moisture, and slowly but firmly expands, and by so doing dilates the neck of the womb, rendering conception easy. In case a cow or heifer does not conceive after the use of one dilator,a second should be used, as perhaps the dilation of the second or third ring had not been accomplished, and in case they do not conceive after the use of the second dilator, a third should be used, as this will open the third and last ring, in this manner overcoming barreness. After the third dilator has been used the cow should be bred at several different periods of heat, in the natural way, without any artificial means.
Apply lard or vaseline to the hand, and introduce it into the vagina of the cow when she is in heat. Dilate the neck of the womb as much as possible with the Womb Sound, then withdraw the hand and introduce the Womb Dilator into the vagina and insert it into the neck of the womb; allow Dilator to remain there for eight or ten hours; then remove it by pulling on the attached cord. After removing Dilator the cow should be bred at once, and kept from the balance of the herd for twenty-four hours.
The Womb Dilator can be inserted by anyone; no professional skill required. See Prescription No. 7 for Barren Cows, page 174.
Bloating may be known by a swelling of the left flank. This swelling rises above the level of the backbone, and when tapped with the finger sounds like a drum.
There is always great danger of smothering. For this reason a Trocar should always be kept on hand.
The animal should he tied tip and compelled to stand on a box or platform which will elevate front parts from six to twelve inches; give Laxotonic as directed, and place a gag in the mouth. In very severe cases they should be tapped by the use of a Trocar. The point of this operation is on the left side, just midway between the point of the hip and the last rib. Point the Trocar inward and downward. Dip Trocar in Germ Killer Solution before tapping. Give an injection of warm water per rectum (2 to 4 quarts).
To Prevent Bloating.
One box of Stokvigor should be mixed thoroughly with 25 pounds of salt and put in troughs in a sheltered place where the cows can have free access to it in passing to and from the pasture; this will not only prevent them from bloating, but will keep them in a healthy condition.
See Prescription No. 8, page 174.
For sometime it was the general opinion that Anthrax and Blackleg were practically one disease, but upon later investigation it has been proven that they are two separate diseases, each one originating from a separate germ.
Blackleg is a germ disease, the germs entering the body, usually with food, but sometimes through scratches or sores in the skin. The germs are very hardy and live in the soil for a number of years. They may be carried long distances and be distributed upon lands heretofore uninfected. The grave of an animal that has died with Blackleg may keep a pasture infected for several years, and cattle grazing upon such a pasture are liable to contract the disease; a stream running near such a grave may carry the infection all along its course, and grass cut near the spot will communicate the disease to the animal fed upon it. The germs multiply so rapidly and are so easily conveyed, that an entire herd or neighborhood may become infected from a single case.
Owing to the short duration of the disease, the development of symptoms accompanying same are very noticeable, there being in the first stages loss of appetite, a general lack of ambition, and high fever. The most important symptom is swelling which appears in various parts of the body, usually on shoulders or thigh, and when handled cause a crackling sound due to the formation of gas underneath the skin.
Up to date there has been no positive cure found for animals thus afflicted, and for this reason the importance of vaccinating all animals with Blackleg Vaccine, which acts as a preventative, should be put into force whenever there is a possibility of animals having been exposed; or better still, all young stock from three months to* two years old should be vaccinated once or twice a year, especially before being turned into low pastures for the summer.
See Prescription No. 9, page 174.
This is a condition resulting from the absorption into the -system of putrid, poisonous matter or pus, such as follows retention of the afterbirth in animals.
There will be a high fever, rapid but weak pulse and fast breathing. Loss of appetite, staring coat and delirium in the last stages of the disease.
Discover the cause, if possible, and if it is an abscess open it and wash it out with a solution of Germ Killer. Then inject Absorbent. If it is a sore, wash it with Germ Killer solution and apply Absorbent. Often internal treatment is very important and consists in reducing the fever and keeping up the action of the heart. This is done by the Fever Paste; give every three hours with two ounces of good whiskey.
See Prescription No. 10, page 174.
Boils in cattle usually appear about the, size of a hen's egg.
The abscess begins as a small, round bunch and gradually increases in size.
Antiseptic poulticing should be done; apply Healing Oil twice daily until the core is formed, when the abscess should be opened and syringed out once or twice daily with Absorbent.
See Prescription No. 11, page 174.