Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 2
( Originally Published 1912 )
Contagious vaginitis is a disease which is causing a very extensive loss in the live stock industry, owing to the fact that there are so many valuable and highly bred cows and heifers, which are rendered useless and non-profitable on account of becoming infected with the germ which produces this disease.
It seems a hard problem for the average live stock owner to figure out why he should have in a herd of from thirty to forty head, from one to ten barren cows. Not having lost any calves from abortion makes it still harder to under-stand why this profit destroying disease should attack a herd. Often the trouble is laid to the sire, believing him to be absolutely useless, hence valuable sires are sometimes disposed of for beef, and not until another sire, or even a number of sires have been placed at the head of a herd, has the real cause of this trouble been located.
Barren cows or heifers thus afflicted should arouse the suspicion of a well versed breeder, owing to the fact that they come in heat at irregular intervals, and, when bred, sometimes pass a number of periods before coming in heat again.
To overcome this extensive loss, it is important to treat cows and heifers thus afflicted in a way that is practical and that will bring about favorable results. Experience has proven that it is important to put cows, heifers and bulls thus afflicted on a breeding tonic, which has a tendency to improve and strengthen the genital organs of both male and female.
The genital organs of such cows, heifers, and herd bull should be thoroughly cleansed with Antisepto solution, which destroys the germ and overcomes the acid secretion, or catarrhal discharge, thereby putting them in a strong, healthy, breeding condition.
Take Antisepto and lukewarm water, and with the flushing outfit flush out the genital organs of the cow, as shown in Fig. 3, inserting the hose about six inches into the vagina, and pouring in the solution as indicated.
All cows and heifers having an unnatural discharge from the vagina should have their genital organs washed out with the Antisepto solution, until all discharges cease. This is important, as animals showing a discharge are in a condition to spread the disease.
The sheath of the herd bull should be washed out with the Antisepto fluid. Insert the hose about three inches into the sheath of the bull and pour in the solution, as shown in Fig. 4, a helper holding the sheath to prevent the hose slipping out. This treatment will protect the bull from becoming infected, and will prevent him from infecting cows and heifers bred to him.
The hair on a cow's tail should be kept closely clipped from the tuft or brush up to the body; also the hair at the end of the bull's sheath. When the hair is left long in these places it accumulates pus and other discharges and constitutes a fertile source of germ propagation and infection.
In washing out the genital organs of cows, heifers, or herd bull, with the Flushing Outfit or Syringe, these instruments should be dipped in a strong solution of Disinfectall before inserting them into another animal, as there is always danger of carrying infection from one animal to another.
Keep Stables Clean.
Take an ordinary sprinkling can, fill it with water, put in your Disinfectall, and sprinkle your stable floors and walls freely. If you use whitewash, add one to two ounces of Disinfectall to each pail of whitewash.
Use Disinfectall once a week or oftener.
Care of Herd Under Treatment.
A cow in heat should be kept in (luring that period.
The bull should not be allowed to run with the herd, and should not be permitted to serve cows from other herds; nor should you take your cows to other herd bulls.
A cow that has aborted should not be bred until such time as she would have come in heat if she had carried her calf full time, and not then unless she is perfectly clean and free from any vaginal discharge. This is important, as a disregard of this rule is contrary to nature and hurtful to the cow.
Bury or burn afterbirth or foetus, and thoroughly disinfect the stalls.
Special care should be taken in keeping stables clean and well ventilated. The liberal use of whitewash and plenty of sunlight are desirable; also thoroughly disinfect with Disinfectall.
Full directions for using the abortion treatment will be found on each bottle. package and can.
This Is What a Few of the High Authorities Have to Say in Regard to Dr. David Roberts' Work.
Gentlemen : I appreciate very much indeed the copy of your book, which has just been received. I know it will be found exceedingly valuable, and I am turning it over to the Veterinary Department, with the request that it be given a place in the library for the use of our teachers and students. With best wishes, I am,
Very truly yours,
H. J. WATERS, Dean and Director, University of Missouri.
Gentlemen : I have your letter of the 11th and the book, "Abortion in Cows," which have recently come to hand. I thank you for both and shall give the latter a place in our Station Library for reference. I have read it with interest and profit.
Very truly yours,
E. D. JENKINS, Director, Connecticut Agricultural Station,
Gentlemen Yours of the 11th has been received, also the interesting little book on Contagious Abortion. I have read this book carefully and find it full of interesting facts. We will gladly give it a place in our library. Faithfully yours,
W. L. ENGLISH,
Director, Oklahoma Agricultural Station.
Dear Sir: The writer has received your new book on "Abortion in Cows." We have referred several gentlemen in this state to you, and now desire to have you send your book to another, Mr. James S. Miller, Emory, Va.
WALTER J. QUICK, Dean and Professor of Animal Husbandry, Virginia College of Agriculture.
Gentlemen : Permit me to thank you for your book, "Abortion in Cows." I shall go over this carefully and give my determination of such. I shall certainly give it a place in my library. Thanking you for the same and for past favors, I remain,
Yours very truly,
WM. H. PEW, Animal Husbandman, New Hampshire Agricultural Station.
Gentlemen : I beg to acknowledge receipt of copy of "Abortion in Cows." This is a most valuable little work and one that ought to be in ' the hands of every cattleman. The disease is little understood by the average stockman and anything that will contribute to a better understanding and a more successful treatment of it is a boon to the cattlemen. Very truly yours,
Dean and Director, Illinois College of Agriculture.
Gentlemen: I believe that Dr. Roberts, in his little work on "Abortion in Cows," presents a practical common-sense solution of the abortion problem. The germ theory is the correct one, except in special cases, and the antiseptic and disinfecting treatment of animals appeals to the judgment of thinking men.
M. W. WILLIAMS, Editor, The Ohio Farmer.
SWORN TESTIMONY REGARDING SUCCESS OF DR. DAVID ROBERTS' ANTI-ABORTION TREATMENT.
The Most Impressive Array of Legal Evidence Ever Presented in Behalf of Veterinary Medicines.
This book may reach some who are not familiar with the remarkable, achievements of Dr. David Roberts in stamping out Infectious Abortion by means of his Anti-Abortion Treatment.
For this reason, we take pleasure in submitting testimony in the form of affidavits legally sworn to before properly constituted authorities, which any stock raiser must accept as absolute proof of every claim we make for this Treatment. This testimony is supplemented by many other signed statements from men well known in the cattle industry, whose reputation for truth and veracity is unquestioned.
WISCONSIN EXPERIMENT STATION
Recognizes and Endorses Dr. David Roberts' Anti-Abortion Treatment—Mr. Baird's Herd Saved From Ruin.
State of Wisconsin.
To WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
S. A. Baird, being first duly sworn, on oath deposes and says, as follows :
My herd of cows was afflicted with Infectious abortion for at least six years—losing a large number of calves each year—at the same time trying to get rid of the disease by selling the cows or heifers that aborted and buying new ones in their places, but the new ones would abort very soon after being brought into my herd. In this way the disease seemed to increase, my loss being greater each year. I used various remedies advertised for the cure of this disease, but they all failed to even improve my herd. I began to think it was an incurable disease and was very much discouraged, when I happened to think that the Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station at Madison might be able to give me some information in regard to the disease or a treatment for same. So I wrote to Professor W. A. Henry, who is president of the Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station, and was answered by Professor W. L. Carlyle, who was at the head of the Animal Husbandry, and who advised me to consult Dr. David Roberts of my own city in regard to my afflicted herd, which I did. The doctor advised me to treat my herd with his ANTI-ABORTION TREATMENT, which I began doing on the 19th of December, 1899, and gave them a full treatment, according to directions with the best results. I am positive the TREATMENT cured my herd and it prevented some of my cows from aborting after they had showed symptoms, such as swelling of the udder and vulva. The symptoms would disappear in about ten days, and the cows would carry their calves full time. It has done all that DR. ROBERTS claims for it, and I cannot speak too highly of it. It has given me both pleasure and profit.
Signed : S. A. BAIRD,
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 20th day of November, 1903.
HARVEY J. FRAME. [SEAL.] Notary Public, Wis.
Professor A. S. Alexander, M. D., C. V. S., Veterinarian of the •Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station, Madison, Wis., permits me to refer to him as a believer in the efficiency of DR. ROBERTS' ANTI-ABORTION TREATMENT, and in giving advice by mail to a Wisconsin correspondent some months ago, said: "I must confess, however, that I cannot prescribe anything for contagious abortion that gives as good results as those obtained from the use of Dr. David Roberts' Anti-Abortion Treatment, which to my knowledge has succeeded where thorough application of an antiseptic treatment advised by me had failed to stay or prevent the disease. His other remedies are also reliable and worthy of extended use by stockmen." DR. DAVID ROBERTS.
Yeksa Sunbeam Holds World's Record.
Dr. David Roberts, Waukesha, Wis.
MY DEAR DOCTOR:—It is now just a year since you went over my logging horses. While they are much better than in former years before you gave them attention, it is to be nevertheless presumed that in a bunch of fifty there will be some that need their teeth dressed again and other ailments looked after.
My Guernseys should also have their annual tuberculin, test applied, so when you come bring tuberculin enough to test 80 head. We might do the testing our-selves, but I feel safer to have it done by a skilled hand.
And I think you will want to see Yeksa Sunbeam after taking the world's record on both milk and butter fat production, 14,920 pounds of milk and 857.15 pounds of butter fat, equal to 1,000 pounds of butter. This is a large amount for a cow to produce in one year; but she is not alone in the herd that has done or is doing fine work. The cows are all doing well and the whole herd is doing fine.
There has not been a case of abortion since March last. Cows and heifers are carrying their calves full time and drop sound and healthy calves. We have used your ANTI-ABORTION TREATMENT, as directed, with great effect, and have also had splendid results with your Laxatonic, given with a spoon dry on the tongue, also with the Gall Balm on the horses' shoulders.
In one word, I am satisfied that your veterinary remedies are excellent and are effective for the purposes recommended.
Now, if a trip of 230 miles is not too far to come on such short notice, come while I am here, as I expect to stay till about the 28th or 29th inst. Let me know when you will be here. Yours truly, FRED RIETBROCK.
The retention of the afterbirth or placenta (or failure to clean beyond a certain time after the expulsion of the foetus or calf from the uterus) must be looked upon as an unnatural condition which requires attention. The afterbirth should be shed or expelled soon after the foetus is dropped or the calf is born. With ruminants (or animals that chew the cud) retention of the afterbirth is not uncommon, though even in them there is a difference in this respect according to species, it being more common in the cow than in the sheep or goat.
This frequency of retained afterbirth in the ruminant animals is doubtless due to its peculiar conformation or button-like fastenings.
Cow Ruined As A Profit Producer.
While a cow may appear to be little inconvenienced by the retention of the afterbirth, at the same time he is, if neglected, being slowly ruined as a milker, breeder, or profit producer.
Neglected Cow Endangers the Whole Herd.
A cow that has retained her afterbirth is not only being ruined as a profit producer by being neglected, her milk will not only be short in quantity, poor in quality, but absolutely unfit for human use. She may be also acting as a hotbed for the propagation of the germs of infectious Abortion and Tuberculosis. These may be brought on by decomposition of the retained afterbirth.
The Herd Bull Liable to Infection.
As this, continues the animal absorbs the poisonous formations of matter which causes her to grow weak and lose flesh rapidly, thus putting her in a condition so that when she is bred to the herd bull she may infect him with the germ of infectious abortion and he is then in a condition to spread the disease.
In this manner the disease of infectious abortion may be introduced into a herd and great loss caused.
Danger of Tuberculosis.
This sanie cow, it her run-down condition, may also contract tuberculosis, and than expose the entire herd.
How To Know It.
Usually there is more or less of the foetal envelopes protruding and hanging from the vulva orifice, though sometimes only the umbilical cord is to be seen. Occasionally the mass is so large as to hang below the hocks with little sacks of liquid at the lower end. If recently expelled, it has a fresh tint, not materially different from that of the intestines; but if exposed for some time, especially in the summer, it becomes greyish in color.
Decomposition soon sets in, especially in the exposed parts, and as putrefaction progresses the odor becomes very offensive, and thin, bloody, brown tinted discharges, composed of the decomposed parts of the membrane and secretions from the irritated mucous lining of the genital canal, flow from the vulva, soiling the tail, thighs and hocks, and often making them sore.
Cow Health In Danger.
As these causes continue, the health of the animal suffers. Oftentimes there is dullness, prostration, decreased flow of milk, loss of appetite, quickened respiration and increased temperature and other indications of illness.
Retention of the afterbirth occurs most frequently in cases of abortion or when birth occurs some days before the proper time. Usually a cow that has retained the afterbirth at its first calf will do so at each succeeding birth.
Cow Under Continuous Drain.
Among the breeding cows the consideration of proper care must be made important in order to make either breeding or dairying profitable. The breeding cow must carry a calf every year, and this notwithstanding that she is at the same time suckling another calf.
The dairy cow must breed every year, and at the same time must give a generous flow of milk for her owner's profit from nine to eleven months yearly. If her health is lowered thereby, or her life shortened, the question of profit must be considered, and she should yield her place to another when she fails as a- profit producer.
How To Prevent Retention of the Afterbirth.
There are certain points, however, in which the care of the cow should be considered. The pregnant cow should have exercise, and as regards both exercise and food, nothing is better than Nature's care, such as she gets while at pasture. She should not be given ice cold water to drink, or be exposed to violent excitement, such - as being chased by dogs, riding, or being ridden by cows in heat, driven through narrow gateways, compelled to jump ditches or fences, hooked by other cattle, driven on icy or slippery ground, or being kicked or pounded by vicious attendants.
The diet should be good, clean, wholesome food, such as will produce the greatest amount of strength and yield of milk both for the profit of the owner and the nourishment of the foetus.
Much Expected From The Cow.
Much more is expected from the cow than any other domestic animal. In the breeding cow the value of the calf is the important consideration, and in the dairy cow the yield of milk. In either case the system is at all times under a continuous drain, furnishing blood, muscle, bone and sinews for the foetus, at the same time producing milk either for another calf by her side or for the profit of her owner.
The Cow A Sure Profit Producer.
For this reason the cow should receive a reasonable amount of care and attention. She is the surest and most reliable of all farm profit producers, the one animal which the owner can bank upon to always produce her share of the income, provided she is given a reasonable amount of care, which consists in pure water, good, clean, wholesome food, and such ingredients as will regulate and control the nervous system, and stimulate the sluggish organs, of which a pregnant cow is usually the possessor. The sluggish organs are among the greatest causes of the retention of the afterbirth, at the same time being a cause of constipation, which is only a symptom of the former.
To prevent the conditions which cause a tow to retain her afterbirth it is necessary to give such ingredients with the food as will have an affinity for the genital organs, and will enable them to perform each and every function that nature demands them to perform at the trying and critical period of calving, thereby enabling the cow to deliver herself of her calf without an unreasonable amount of exertion, and at a reasonable time after so doing to expel the afterbirth, without mechanical aid.
Nature Needs Assistance. -
So much is expected of the pregnant cow and the drain upon her system is so great that she should have proper feed and such ingredients added to it, as go to make up a perfect tonic for a pregnant animal.
It is impossible to care for cows as nature would care for them. To a certain extent they are deprived of proper laxative food and water when desired, exercise and sunlight, and such vegetable matter as nature requires to keep her genital organs in a strong, healthy condition. Being deprived of these, it is necessary that they be furnished with something to take their place, thus enabling the genital organs to perform each and every function required, such as contracting upon the matured calf, causing same to be born at the proper time, and expelling the after-birth within a few hours afterwards, enabling the cow to come in heat at regular intervals, and to get with calf when bred.
Breeding Tonic Essential.
Breeding Tonic, which is prepared especially for pregnant cows and heifers, should be fed to pregnant cows in small quantities in their feed during the period of pregnancy. This will keep the genital organs in a strong, healthy condition, thereby enabling them to give birth to strong, healthy calves in the proper manner, at the same time preventing retention of the afterbirth, catarrhal discharges, and barrenness.
By keeping the cow in a perfectly healthy condition, you enable her toward off many diseases that might otherwise be contracted at this critical period. The feeding of this Breeding Tonic to pregnant cows strengthens and invigorates the muscles and all of their genital organs to such an extent that they have no trouble in calving and expelling the afterbirth as Nature intended.
Never Use Force In Removing An Afterbirth.
An afterbirth that can be removed without force or injury to the cow is in a condition to come away of its own accord.
In removing the afterbirth by main force it is only the body of it and such buttons as are torn off that comes away, thus leaving many serious conditions. If the cotyledons or buttons are forcibly torn off, there is great danger of serious internal hemorrhage, as well as leaving a lot of clotted blood in the womb to decompose.
When Force Is Used Parts Remain.
The parts of the afterbirth attached to the buttons are retained and undergo putrefaction, and the buttons torn from the womb leave raw sores, which become infected by the rotting, decomposing, irritating masses of foreign matter of which a large per cent is absorbed by the system.
Danger of Expelling the Womb.
By using force the horns of the uterus may be turned inside out. This will cause the cow to strain violently, and by so doing the womb is often expelled, the result of which is serious and often fatal.
The displacement of either or both horns of the womb will ,cause the cow to strain for some time. This condition may, and often does, cause barrenness.
It is for this reason that barrenness often occurs when the afterbirth is forcibly removed.
The afterbirth should be allowed to remain until the buttons are ripe and in condition to release it by its own weight The afterbirth in this way acts as a drain-age by keeping the mouth of the womb open. This allows the contents of the womb to escape, instead of being retained by closure of the mouth of the womb.
Danger of Poison.
In this case, the animal would be compelled to absorb the poisonous matter, consisting of pieces of afterbirth which are always retained when force is used in removing it. Otherwise, the mouth of the womb would close and cause the womb to fill with matter, a portion of which is expelled, causing a catarrhal condition of the vagina, and acting as a hotbed for the germs of infection to propagate and multiply. This is liable to produce Barrenness and Infectious Abortion, and the cow by absorbing a, large portion of this matter dries up on her milk, grows thin rapidly, and is liable to become a victim of tuberculosis. If she contracts tuberculosis she may then expose the entire herd to the disease.