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Clothing Of The Persians

( Originally Published 1928 )

In 558 B.C., Cyrus overthrew the Medes and built up the great Persian Empire, which lasted until 330 B.C. The bas-reliefs from Perseopolis, and the famous Frieze of the Archers done in colored tiles found in the Palace of Darius at Susa, give us a procession of quaint figures from which the main points about the Persian costume may be easily gathered.

The Tunic.—The Persian tunic was long, with a sleeve spreading in fanlike pleats from the elbow. The dress was invariably pulled in tight about the hips, ending in elaborate and heavy draperies. Borders were much used. The Mantle.—A cloak, through which the head passed, was worn looped up over the sword hilt.

The Bonnet.—Tall, curiously wide at the top, the bon-net rather resembled a fez worn upside down. The tiaris was a cap or bonnet, covering both ears and tied down under the chin. The hats of the workmen were conical.

Long hair and beards were arranged in precise curls.

Shoes were pointed.

The Persian king is represented walking under a parasol carried by an attendant. The tunics of the workmen are short, with elbow length sleeves over vests which show the V opening at the neck.

Wool and silk were popular materials.

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