( Originally Published Early 1900's )
Many varieties of fabrics are used for spreads, the purchaser making her choice on the basis of color, texture, and pat-tern suited to the type of decoration of the bedroom where the spread is to be used, its washability or cleanability, as well as its resistance to wrinkling, slipping, and catching, particularly when fabrics having long floats in the weave are being considered.
Candlewick and chenille spreads have as a background unbleached muslin sheeting with tuftings of colored or white cotton in simple or elaborate designs. The chenille spreads are tufted by machine, the candlewick ones by hand. Spreads of this type are eminently satisfactory, stay in place well, and do not wrinkle; the tufts are fast color if piece dyed, and the spread requires no ironing, simply a thorough shaking and brushing to restore fluffiness to the tufts. Dip dye spreads are less satisfactory as to color fastness. They are dyed in the power laundry type of machine, while the ground cloth in piece-dyed chenille spreads is vat dyed.
Chintz and cretonne, because of their firmness of weave, give satisfactory service as spreads, are easy to launder, and do not catch or wrinkle easily.
Crocheted spreads are heavy enough to stay in place well on the bed, do not wrinkle, and usually require no ironing.
Dimity spreads are made of a light-weight cotton fabric with a heavy thread stripe characteristic of dress dimity. They are attractive, inexpensive, and very easy to launder.
Jacquard fabrics in cotton are practical. for hard wear if the floats are not too long. When of sufficient weight to stay in place they give a trim appearance to the bed.
Linen, either plain and heavy or decorated with lace or embroidery, forms a very handsome spread but wrinkles badly and is difficult to iron because of the size of a spread.
Mohair fabrics, without pile, are appropriate in a bedroom that requires a tailored bedspread. Because of the resiliency of the fiber, mohair fabric spreads do not wrinkle. They clean well and well repay their initial cost. Care should be taken that moths do not reach this material.
Organdie spreads are crisp, fresh looking if the organdie has had a permanent finish, easy to launder, and do not wrinkle very badly. Because of the transparency of organdie, spreads of this fabric require a sheet or other cover between them and the blanket.
Ripplette is a crepe fabric bearing a trade name, made of cotton and rayon, with stripes of plain weave combined with stripes of .crinkled effect. It is light in weight, easily laundered, and comparatively in-expensive.
Satin spreads of either all silk, silk and cotton, or rayon fiber make very luxurious spreads but are not only expensive to purchase but costly to keep up as they look better when dry cleaned than when washed. The long floats of the satin weave tend to catch on rough objects.
Taffeta of either silk or rayon makes a light-weight spread with good wearing qualities; it is most attractive when suited to the decorative scheme of the room and well fitted to the bed. It spots very readily.