Oriental China - Manadarin China
( Originally Published 1911 )
Painted in colours over the glaze, with gilt scroll-work. This pair of conical egg-shell Vases with short necks is i8 in. high. There is no mark. M. Jacquemart divides the Mandarin class into seven sections, which he distinguishes by the decoration :
(1) Pieces having painted in compartments with Indian ink back-grounds and gold borders.
(2) Where the spaces between the reserves or compartments are covered with gilt scroll-work diaper or pattern as in the illustration.
(3) With black borders and key pattern in gilt, usually having iron-red grounds.
(4) With variegated grounds, designs in iron-red and black, pink and other colour filagree-work.
(5) With spaces between the reserves covered with round dots or points resembling shagreen either green or white. When the dots and ground are white the Chinese name it "chicken's flesh."
(6) With indented wreaths or flowers traced in the paste and decoration in under-glaze blue and over-glaze enamelled medallions.
(7) In camaieu or in a single colour under or over the glaze, usually mandarin, blue and white.
The egg-shell Mandarin is the best of this class. Generally the porcelain is rather thick than thin. Often it has the wavy surface which shows that it has been cast and moulded. Then, too, the decoration is usually painted, not enamelled. This process changes the tone of the colouring. The rose tints derived from gold become purplish ; lilac, water-green, bright iron-red, and a curious rust-colour called chamois are common. Stippling and hatching are applied to the flesh and to the folds of the draperies. Often the ground-work with its dotted surface is covered with turquoise-green or turquoise-blue. The paintings on the reserves of the examples given will show the miniature-like character of the decoration. The examples given are Keen-lung.