Analyses Of Occupations
( Originally Published Early 1900's )
Introduction.—The United States census lists thousands of "gainful occupations." The majority of these are of no interest to the average individual, as they are chiefly minor subdivisions of main occupations. For instance, in the shoemaking industry are found such occupations as tip maker, vamper, tongue stitcher, heel maker, shank cutter, laster and many others; while in weaving may be found such employments as carder, picker hand, cotton shaker, lapman, mule spinner, warper and stretcher. Obviously, a description of these and thousands of similar occupations would result in nothing but confusion to the student, and would make a wise choice exceedingly difficult, if not impossible.
The trades, professions and business callings analyzed in the following pages were selected not only because of their economic importance, but chiefly because they offer to the individual practically unlimited opportunities for the exercise and development of every kind of aptitude which he may possess. In addition, each occupation is interesting, profitable, honorable, healthful, broadening, stimulating and growing. Success is practically assured in any one of these callings, provided the individual who takes up the work is fitted for it by nature and training.
You will notice that the natural aptitudes and other requirements of the various occupations analyzed, while included in the text, are not tabulated. This is because it has been found that, wherever such tabulations are provided, the student is tempted to make a superficial survey of the requirements instead of reading the descriptions of them in the text. The best results are obtained where the description is read from the beginning to the end, and the desired information picked out and tabulated by the student, as shown in the specimen analysis on page 49.
It is not intended that these analyses of occupations be exhaustive. A more detailed study of each occupation might easily be made—to the extent, in fact, of changing this book into an encyclopedia. But that would defeat the purpose of this work, which is to present a survey of the high spots and distinguishing features of the occupations for easy comparison. A more exhaustive study of the selected occupations can then be made by the use of the references given in the bibliographies.
To facilitate the study and comparison of the occupations, the analyses were made to follow more or less uniform outlines. These were substantially like the one for Architecture, which is here given as an example:
1. The Place of the Architect in Society: (a) Importance of his work, etc.
3. Description of Duties.
4. Advantages and Limitations.
5. Desirable Native Abilities:
(a) Should the prospective architect have constructive imagination, artistic ability, etc.?
6. Financial and Other Rewards :
(a) At the beginning.
(b) After becoming established.
7. Educational Requirements:
(a) General education.
(b) Special training.
(c) Is college training desirable, or apprenticeship with an architect?
(d) Can it be studied at night?
(e) List of schools.
8. Cost of Preparation.
(a) List of books, periodicals, society reports, government reports.
(b) Name of publication, date, author and publisher.
By following the above outline, analyses of occupations other than those listed in this book may be made by the student.
The bibliographies appended to each analysis include only those publications which are of comparatively recent date, and that are easily accessible. The government bulletins and society reports, if in print, may be obtained from their original sources; otherwise they are usually accessible at the public library. The books and periodicals may also be consulted at the public library, or procured from book dealers or the publishers direct.