Pickles And Olives
( Originally Published 1926 )
323 Q. What is chow-chow and why is it so called?
A. Chow-chow is the trade name for chopped pickles mixed with prepared mustard. The name was borrowed from the chow-chow of the Chinese, which is a mixture of chopped ginger, orange peel, and several other ingredients with syrup.
324 Q. What are the various articles used in making "mixed" pickles?
A. Cucumbers, green tomatoes, green peppers, beans, onions, and cauliflower are the articles commonly used.
325 Q. What are gherkins?
A. This is the trade name for several varieties
of cucumbers, used for pickling. They have
prickly skins, and are gathered when small.
326 Q. What are nubbins?
"Nubbins" known as "crooks and nubs." They are pickled and sold as "nubbins" and are also cut up and added to mixed pickles or other combinations of which cucumbers form a part, such as chow-chow, relish, etc.
327 Q. What are mango pickles?
A. Pickled mango melons or pickled green peppers stuffed with finely chopped pickles.
328 Q. From where do the green Queen olives come?
A. Practically all of the Queen olives sold all over the world grow within a radius of twenty miles from the city of Seville, Spain.
329 Q. Are there no green olives produced in California?
A. Yes, but to a very small extent only, be-cause the American growers and packers cannot compete with the imported green olives from Spain, on account of the very low labor costs in that country, the cheaper ocean freight rates, and the present low tariff duty on green olives.
330 Q. What is meant by" 70-80s ", "80-90s", etc., when referring to green olives?
A. To say that certain olives are "70-80s," for instance, indicates that they run from 70 to 80 olives to a kilo. ("Kilo" is an abbreviation for "Kilogram," which is equal to approximately two and one-fifth pounds.)
331 Q. What are the various sizes of green olives?
A. There are twelve sizes. See illustrations.
332 Q. How many of the green olives are there to a quart of each of the various sizes?
A. 70- 80s run from 44 to 50 to a quart.
SIZES OF GREEN OLIVES
333 Q. How do ripe olives compare with green olives regarding the content of oil,
A. Ripe olives contain an average of 22 per cent of olive oil, while green imported olives contain an average of 8 per cent of oil.
334 Q. Why is the green olive more popular than the ripe olive although it contains so much less oil?
A. The value of the green olive lies in its peculiar flavor which is the result of the process given it in the "curing," and which piquant flavor makes it quite popular as a relish, or appetizer.
335 Q. Where are the ripe olives produced?
A. All canned ripe olives are produced in the United States. With the exception of a small quantity produced in Arizona, all of the canned ripe olives are grown and packed in California.
336 Q. What are the different varieties of ripe olives?
A. There are four varieties : (1) Mission variety, with oil content of about 25 per cent; (2) Manzanillo variety, with oil content of about 16 per cent; (3) Sevillano variety, with oil con-tent of about 10 per cent; and (4) Ascolano variety, with oil content of about 10 per cent. The Mission and Manzanillo varieties comprise 90 per cent of the total output and make the best ripe olives because of their higher oil content, better texture, and better flavor. The ripe olives of the Sevillano and Ascolano varieties are much larger in size and make a fine appearance, but they are inferior in flavor, texture, and oil content.
337 Q. How many sizes are there of Mission and Manzanillo ripe olives?
A. There are five sizes: "Small," "Medium," "Large," "Extra Large," and "Mammoth."
338 Q. How many sizes are there of Sevillano and Ascolano ripe olives?
A. There are three sizes : "Giant," "Jumbo," and "Colossal."
339 Q. How can one know what is the variety of ripe olives in a can?
A. If the olives are of the Mission variety, that name will invariably appear on the label. If the variety is not stated on the label and the size is either "Small," "Medium," "Large," "Extra Large," or "Mammoth," the olives are either of the "Mission" or "Manzanillo" variety, much more likely of the "Manzanillo" variety, for the packers of Mission ripe olives usually see to it that the word "Mission" is on the label. If the variety is not stated on the label and the size is either "Giant," "Jumbo," or "Colossal," the olives are of the Sevillano or Ascolano variety.
340 Q. How can one know what size ripe olives are in a can?
A. The size is invariably printed on the label "Large," "Extra Large," etc., as the case may be.
341 Q. What are the containers in which ripe olives are put up?
A. Ripe olives are put up in cans of four different sizes : Buffet (5-oz. net weight), Pint (9-oz. net weight), Quart (18-oz. net weight), and No. 10 can (66-oz. net weight).
343 Q. Do olives sell according to size?
A. Yes. The larger the olive, the higher the price. This is true of both green and ripe olives.