Nuts And Nut Product
( Originally Published 1926 )
307 Q. What kind of walnuts are those known as "budded" walnuts?
A. They are larger than the ordinary walnuts, and their meat is of a much better quality and superior flavor. This variety of walnuts is produced in this way : The black walnut, which is native to California, is planted in a nursery; when the seedling is one year old, the bud from a selected English walnut tree is bedded under the bark and waxed over. The nuts produced from this "budded" tree are the walnuts known as "budded."
308 Q. Are the imported walnuts superior to those grown in California?
A. No. The California walnuts are of superior quality to any of the imported walnuts and easily take the preference.
309 Q. How do Brazil nuts grow?
A. This nut is the seed of a gigantic tree,
Brazil Nut Pod The Nuts Inside growing in Brazil and in some of the other tropical countries of America, attaining a height of about 120 feet. The tree branches at a height of about 100 feet. The nuts grow in-side of a hard, round shell, which averages about 5 inches in diameter and contains from 15 to 25 compactly arranged nuts. The shells have a rough surface, and are so hard that a large hammer is required to break them. The nuts mature in October and the pods drop during November and December. The nuts are harvested during January and February and reach the United States about the first of April. New Brazil nuts are quite juicy and taste like fresh cocoanut. The Brazil nuts that are on the market around Thanksgiving are nuts harvested some nine or ten months before and do not taste the same as the new nuts that come on the market early in the spring.
310 Q. What is meant by "washed" Brazil nuts?
A. Brazil nuts that have been immersed several times in a stream in order to wash off the dirt accumulated during the harvesting and to remove any empty nuts. During this process the light empty nuts rise to the surface and float off in the stream.
311 Q. How many grades of almonds are there?
A. There are three grades: (1) Paper Shell, (2) Soft Shell, and (3) Hard Shell. Both the domestic and the imported almonds come in these three grades.
312 Q. What is the difference between the Jordan and Valencia shelled almonds?
A. The Jordan almond is oblong in shape, while the Valencia is pointed on one end and somewhat flat at the other end. The Jordan is a better looking almond, but the Valencia has the better flavor.
313 Q. What is almond paste and for what is it used?
A. Almond paste is prepared from ground sweet almonds with the addition of sugar. It is used for making cakes and candies and in the manufacture of macaroons.
314 Q. Are filberts and hazel nuts the same?
A. Practically so. The husks of the filberts not only cover the entire nut, but extend beyond it, while the husks of the hazel nut are shorter than the nut itself. With the husks removed, it is practically impossible to tell a filbert from a hazel nut. Both varieties are known as filberts.
315 Q. How is canned cocoanut prepared?
A. The canned cocoanut is prepared by shred-ding or grating the meat of the cocoanut and canning it in its own milk, giving it the natural flavor of the fresh nut.
316 Q. What are the different forms in which shredded cocoanut is sold?
A. There are two kinds of cocoanut : Domestic Prepared and Ceylon. Generally speaking, the Domestic Prepared is treated with sugar. It comes in the following "cuts": Thread, Shred, and Desiccated, of which the last consists of small, coarse particles. These three "cuts" are the ones usually found in the grocery stores, the Shred being the most common. The Ceylon cocoanut is unsweetened and comes to us, already prepared, from Ceylon, India, in the following "cuts": Sliced or Chipped, which is a thin, broad chip, about two inches long; Thread, similar in cut to the domes-tic prepared Thread; Shred, a uniform, medium, short shred; and Fine, or Macaroon—almost a powdered cocoanut. All of the four Ceylon cuts are used by the bakery and confectionery trades.
317 Q. When do new cocoanuts come on the market?
A. Cocoanuts grow the year around, but their greatest harvest is during the months of July, August, September, and October, during which four months shipments usually reach about two-thirds of the total quantity imported during the entire year. Thus, while new cocoanuts arrive on the market at all times during the year, the largest shipments are made during the fall.
318 Q. What is the difference between the Virginia and the Spanish varieties of peanuts?
A. The kernel of the Virginia variety is large and oblong, while that of the Spanish variety is small and almost round. (See illustration.) The peanuts of the Spanish variety contain more oil than those of the Virginia variety.
319 Q. Does peanut butter contain anything else besides peanuts?
A. A little salt—that's all.
320 Q. Since only peanuts and salt are used in the manufacture of peanut butter, why do some peanut butters cost more than others?
A. Because high-grade peanut butters are made from high-grade peanuts, which cost more.
321 Q. Does peanut butter that is put up in air-tight packages remain in good condition indefinitely
A. High quality peanut butter will retain its sweet flavor for many months when packed in air-tight receptacles. Of course, in time some of the oil will gather at the top, but it can be mixed together with the peanut butter upon opening of the package.
322 Q. What is meant by "peanut flour"
A. Mills producing the highest grade of virgin peanut oil, shell the peanuts and remove the germs and the skins. When the oil is extracted there is left nothing but the pure, clean meats, which are ground up and used for human consumption in the form of peanut flour.