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Horse Racing Wagering System:
Business And Pleasure At The Racetrack
Past Performances Of Horses
Getting Rid Of Goats At The Racetrack
Speed Vs. Class In Horse Racing
Fundamentals Of Handicapping Horse Racing
Colt System
Claiming Race System For Horses
$61,00 For $2 In 30 Days At The Races
Pulliing Out Of A Slump At The Racetrack
How To Bet Horses
More Horse Racing Tips

Horse Race Handicapping - The Colt System

( Originally Published mid 1950's )

The Sultan, silly man, meanders around his palace all afternoon, chatting a few minutes with each one of his hundred wives, and winds up spending the evening alone in the library reading the Istanbul edition of the Morning Telegraph, the official racing paper.

Many a racing fan, silly man, reverses the process. He starts out reading the Morning Telegraph, glances casually for a few minutes at every horse entered in ALL the races, and winds up spending the next evening reading the brochures of the finance companies, after hitchhiking his way home from the track in the afternoon.

A second type of race fan follows different tactics, but with no better results. This is the type who scribbles endless calculations on a pad, or on the tablecloth. Now and then he will run across a horse that seems to have little, or no opposition, so not too much figuring is necessary. But invariably such a horse is a standout and goes off at only even money or less.

Most of the time, however, this second type of handicapper finds himself hopelessly involved in trying to separate two or three horses in a race.

This handicapper tries to match one against the other; figuring class, weight, distance, speed ratings and a dozen other angles. Still he can't separate the contenders. And the first thing he knows, it is three o'clock in the morning, he will have to go to work with all too little sleep, and he still won't have any horse remotely resembling a solid bet when he goes to the track the next afternoon.

The writer, having gone through all these throes of agony for many years himself, finally resolved to throw all traditional methods of handicapping into the ashcan and invent a brand-new formula that would make all this arduous and hopeless work unnecessary. And this formula would be a basic one which could be used as a foundation stone for all systems.

It finally was decided to take only one certain type of horse, a type that year after year wins more races, and at better prices, than any other kind. In the same way, it was decided to eliminate several types of races which seemed to be more risky than others, depending, of course, on what particular type of horse was being checked.

We do not even look at any other horse in the race except our "type" horse. This will save hours of time and leave us with only a few horses to be considered at any one track.

As a result, we will be able to concentrate our undivided attention upon the few remaining eligibles and make sure that they qualify on basic rules. With a little practice, this can be done between races in five minutes' time, once you are able to take a gander at the "tote" (or odds) board and thus can discard short-priced horses and hopeless outsiders.

If one of the handful of remaining eligibles succeeds in passing his few basic qualifying tests, we can be reasonably sure that we have a really solid steed, with no strikes on him.

This might be called a "Cleaver and Scalpel" method. First, you cut out unwanted races, and undesirable types of horses with a meat axe. Next, with scalpel in hand, you probe the past performance record of your few remaining eligibles on all counts to detect any possible weakness. Now we ask you, isn't that more sensible than dillydallying around with every horse in the entries and giving none of them more than a cursory inspection in spite of the fact that the total time involved in such inspection takes hours?

The writer and two associates decided many years ago that it was much more sensible. First we concentrated on claiming races, picking mainly middle-aged geldings. The results were gratifyingly successful.

The next development came from an unexpected quarter when a beautiful Broadway butterfly with whom the writer had an academic sort of acquaintance chanced to confide over the teacups, in discussing her gentleman friends, that she liked them when they were "neither too old nor too young, and earned a lotta dough."

Applying this friendly fireside philosophy to the art of handicapping race horses, the writer was pleasantly surprised to discover that it also would produce financial benefits in this branch of endeavor, if used to handicap colts in high-class races only.

Colts, rather than horses in claiming races, were selected because, running in allowance and handicap races, they naturally earn more purse money than do claiming race performers.

Furthermore, they are not too old because a colt becomes a horse once he reaches the age of five. And we cut out the younger element by skipping two-year-old colts. This leaves us with only colts aged three or four years.

The apparent paradox that a colt may be found unreliable in cheap claiming races, or in claiming races of any kind for that matter, yet still be a formidable factor in the higher-class allowance or handicap races, at first may seem puzzling to beginners, as it did to our little group of handicappers.

Yet we eventually reasoned that this was logical because if a colt generally is kept out of claiming races, he must be considered fairly reliable in a high-class race, at least more so than his claiming-race brother.

In other words, you have to figure that if an owner refuses to run one of his colts in a claiming race, and keeps him in higher-class races where he can't lose him, he must think a great deal of that colt because the steed eventually might become a crackerjack, possibly winning the Kentucky Derby or some other big classic.

So now, let us get down to brass tacks and tell the reader exactly what colt to play, and when to play him. As far as possible, we will in every case furnish an illustration from a colt's past performance to show when he is a play and when he isn't.

First we will explain the rules in detail. Then we will summarize them in crisp fashion so that the rules may be typed on a small card, or on paper if you prefer. For ready reference at the track, this card may be carried in one's wallet or pocket.

The first thing to remember is that we will play only 3 and 4 year-old colts, and only in allowances, handicaps, stakes or futurities. We will avoid races carrying an "added money" value of $50,000 or more because these big-name and big-money attractions (such as the Kentucky Derby) attract so many champs and nearchampions that it is extremely difficult to separate them. We also avoid "classics," "specials," and major derbies.

Next, and perhaps this should have been mentioned first of all as it is in the summarized rules, we will not make any plays at all if at the start of the afternoon's program the track is "muddy" or "heavy" unless the track happens to be Belmont, Aqueduct, Garden State, Arlingon Park or Hawthorne. The composition of the soil at these five tracks happens to be such that a so-called "off" track is not considered to be hazardous.

We also eliminate colts which have been running in cheap races or at minor tracks. These "bad" races will be designated specifically in the summarized rules.

At this point it becomes necessary to indicate just what are the "minor" or small-time tracks. There are so many of them that the easiest way to get around this situation probably is to list the "major" or big-time tracks, thus reducing any other track to a "minor" status. Therefore, with the abbreviations listed in the past performances of your racing paper, the list of major tracks is as follows (This list can be typewritten on a card for your convenience):

Aqueduct AQ
Arlington Park AP
Atlantic City ATL
Belmont Park BEL
Bowie BW
Churchill Downs CD
Delaware Park DEL
Garden State Park GS
Gulfstream Park GP
Hawthorne HW
Hialeah Park HIA
Keeneland KEE
Laurel Park LRL
Monmouth Park MP
Narragansett Park NP
Pimlico PIM
Rockingham Park RP
Saratoga SAR
Suffolk Downs SUF
Tropical Park TRP
Washington Park WP

(Major California tracks, which rarely have any bearing on tracks in other sections of the country, are:

BM Bay Meadows
DLR Del Mar
GG Golden Gate Fields
HOL Hollywood
SA Santa Anita

(In the back of the book will be found a duplicate list of these tracks which can be cut out and stapled onto a card for handy reference.)

Having now eliminated unwanted horses and races from the card, we next come to the "Rules of Selection:" To show the reader how utterly elementary and simple these rules are, we point out immediately that there are only two rules, that is, only two types of colts that we will even consider.

The first type is a colt that in his last race was second or better at the stretch call, gained ground in the stretch from the standpoint of beaten lengths, and won the race.

The second type is a colt that won all of his last three races.

In a nutshell, those two simple rules comprise this system. The only stipulation is that one of these colts must qualify on each of the four qualifying rules which follow. These rules deal with basic conditions which must be considered a part of any system. If a colt qualifies on all of these rules, he not only is considered a play, but also a mighty solid one.

The qualifying rules more or less speak for themselves. Regarding the odds, we do not want to take on any favorites if we can help it, nor do we want to take on any longshots, and we mean by this real longshots. These rules will be summarized a little later in this chapter.

This colt system, when tested over a period of 4 consecutive weeks in the spring of 1952, showed absolutely no losers at all.

No one in his right mind expects 100 percent winners, or anything like it, to continue indefinitely. However, if a race-goer will stick closely to the simple rules given in this system, he should have no difficulty in at least making expenses, instead of practically throwing money away by careless investments.

He may not get very many plays from colts, but there will be plenty of action by the time he has investigated this book's second system which deals with an entirely different type of race-claiming races.

Just before starting this page, the writer read an article by one of America's leading turf writers, which substantiates our policy of completely ignoring so many types of races.

In this article this expert stated that because of the mutuel take of 17 percent, there is not one person in the United States today who is able to beat the races.

That is a rather strong statement, in the view of this department, and we assume that the expert must be referring to the type of race fan who insists upon playing every race on the card, no matter what kinds of plugs are entered.

If this type of fan tries to pick a winner in one of those Belmont Park scrambles in which nearly 30 youngsters may be entered, or maiden, steeplechase, turf course races, cheap claiming races, or any race for two-year-olds until the Fall, he is starting out with two strikes on him right off the reel.

Furthermore, he is monkeying with dynamite even in stake, handicap and allowance races, unless he sticks to the cream of the crop, although this does not mean that his winners necessarily will be short-priced ones.

Plenty of persons who read this book will testify that by sticking to the rules of its two systems, it certainly is possible to beat the races.

In his article the expert in question also complained at some length on what he called the lack of form in racing today. In this connection he pointed out that at the track currently operating in New York, in one week during the Summer of 1952, only three favorites made good in an entire week of racing, and that during this period there was one streak of 25 losing public choices.

At this point, a highly pertinent question arises: Just what is meant by "form," anyway?

Just because the general public makes a horse the favorite, does that necessarily make him a "form" horse? Every day there are dozens of so-called "form" horses that followers of this book's systems, for reasons clearly stated, would not dream of playing. Yet when most of these favorites lose, you will hear thousands of race fans moaning that "form" has gone to the dogs.

In stark contrast to this picture, one system developed by this writer (which he presently is checking further) during the entire month of September, 1951, not only showed no losers at all, but also produced a string of 20 consecutive winners, none of which went off at odds of less than 4 to 1.

Not only that, but 70 percent of these winners paid 7 to 1 or better, and 40 percent of them returned a mutuel of $20 or better.

Now a follower of this book's theories would say that from his standpoint, "form" during this period was 100 percent perfect, as far as he was concerned. Yet at the same time the race fans who play favorites would be tearing their hair and screaming that "form," as they know it, was running downhill.

Also, to be consistent in our reasoning, when a horse picked by one of this book's systems wins and pays $40 or even $80, you would have to insist that this horse won on "form" as we know it. Not only that, but also that it would actually have been an "upset" if our horse had lost.

These are reasons why the writer is weary of reading and hearing chatter about so-called "form," as the general public understands the term.

The writer also was irritated recently by the contents of two books purporting to be of value to the race-goer. The sole conclusion drawn by one of these authors was that "You Can't Beat The Races." The type of race fan who is going to the track and bet even if he has to be taken there in a wheel chair, is not going to derive much nourishment from that.

The second author went to the opposite extreme. He was specific enough, all right, but the trouble was that he was too specific, that is, he gave his readers literally hundreds of angles for which to watch after reaching the track.

A race fan trying to check up on these angles would be stymied on two counts. First, he would find half of the horses in the race eligible in many cases. Secondly, by the time he finished checking all the races on the card, all the fans in the park would have gone home and all the horses at the track would have been bedded down for the night.

The writer had encountered these problems many years earlier and had concluded that the only way to solve them was to arbitrarily eliminate all except a few horses immediately.

The colt rules now will be listed fully, abbreviated for ready reference, then illustrated by examples of both good and bad plays.

The rules are divided into three sections. The first section comprises the "Mass Elimination Rules." This section is designed to enable the race fan to eliminate at one fell swoop unwanted types of both races and colts. This wholesale method of elimination will get rid of all dead wood and save considerable handicapping time.

The second section is definitely on the "positive" side. It discloses what type of colt we want. This section comes under the heading of "Rules of Selection."

The third and final section "Qualifying Rules"-consists of four basic, elementary rules which well might be applied to any handicapping system. These four rules will make sure that there are no "black marks" against our selection from the standpoint of fundamentals. Incidentally, it should be stated now that the part of Qualifying Rule la (see p. 61) which bars colts that are 6 to 1 or better, probably requires detailed explanation. Now in our claiming race- system, which will be described in the next chapter, we welcome horses that go to the post at odds of 6 to 1 or better. But in this colt system, a price of 6 to 1 or better is considered to be a danger signal, and here is the reason why:

In a claiming race, we have a definite, sound common denominator regarding class in the claiming price, such as $4,000, $5,000, $10,000, etc. In these cases we can be sure when, and just how much, a horse is moving up in class.

But in the case of allowance races, there is no such yardstick. For instance, many allowance races are for horses that have done little or nothing to warrant their names even being associated with the common conception of an "allowance race," which to most race fans means a race graded just below a handicap race and certainly of far higher class than a claiming race.

The conditions of allowance races, as noted at the top of the past performances for each race, are varied. For instance, the conditions may state:

"For non-winners of a race other than maiden or claiming."

Now in such a race there may be entered a horse which according to his current past performances, may have raced for a claiming price of as little as $1,500 and may not have won a $2,500 claimer, or even one that high. Yet the next time that horse's name appears in the past performances, it will be indicated that he ran in an "allowance" race last time out. And that is where followers of our colt system will run into trouble if they play colts that are 6 to 1 or better, because such a colt will be a long price (and a probable loser) in view of the fact that he is coming off of an extremely low-grade allowance race, and not a legitimate one.

In many cases, of course, this allowance label will be perfectly legitimate, if his rivals in that last race actually were steeds of allowance race caliber. But in other instances, the truth will be that all or practically all of his opponents were nothing but plugs, so to speak.

An experienced race-goer will be able to detect these "phony" allowance races, and be guided accordingly. But as we stated earlier in this book, we are going to set down every single rule of our systems definitely and without equivocation, so that no errors in picking horses will be possible. Therefore, beginners and casual race-goers are advised to stick to our rule that all colts must go to the post at odds of less than 6 to 1. If a colt is 6 to 1 or better, the chances are that there is something fishy-that does not meet the eye at first glance-about his record.

So here are our summarized rules:


(For colts aged 3 or 4 in Stakes, Handicaps, Allowances and Futurities)

1 ( a ) Except at Belmont Park, Aqueduct, Garden State, Arlington Park and Hawthorne, no good if track is "muddy" or "heavy" at start of program. Skip turf races, derbies, classics or "specials," races carrying added money of $50,000 or more, races over 1 1/4 miles, races at minor tracks and races at Belmont Park where 13 or more horses go to the post. Skip all claiming, maiden and steeplechase races.

( b ) No good if a colt ran his last race in a maiden race or in a claiming race. And all of his last four races must have been at a major track.

RULES OF SELECTION (Also Must Pass 4 Qualifying Rules listed below)

1 Colt in last race must have been second or better at stretch call and won the race, and (unless he won by more than 10 lengths) also must have gained ground in the stretch from the standpoint of beaten lengths. If tie, take the colt that had the latest workout.

2 Only other type of colt that can qualify is one that ( a ) won all of his last three races, ( b ) also has averaged more than $1,000 per race this year, and ( c ) also in all of his past performance races either finished in the money or was beaten for all the money by not more than one length. If tie, pass the race.

(If one colt qualifies under Rule 1 and another under Rule 2, the colt qualifying under Rule 1 takes precedence).

1 Odds, Class & Weight: ( a ) Unless a colt won his last race by more than 10 lengths, he must be 5-2 or better. But he can not be 6-1 or better in any event. (The 6 to 1 rule bars cheap horses.)

( b ) Average money earned: A colt must have averaged $500 or more per race either (1) this year or (2) in the last two years combined if he did not average that much in less than 15 races this year.

( c ) If a colt was in an allowance race in his last race but is in a higher class race today, he must have (1) won all of his last three races or (2) in his past performances he must have run in handicaps, stakes or futurities 75 percent of the time and also in his last race must have led both at the stretch call and the finish and also won the race "easily."

( d ) A colt can't be assigned any kind of an apprentice allowance today or can't carry 128 or more lbs. and, in an allowance race, 119 or more pounds is no good un less the colt gained more than one length in the stretch in his last race; also no good if colt in an allowance race today is carrying 120 or more pounds unless he won his last race by more than 10 lengths.

2 Late Action: ( a ) A colt must have had 3 or more races this year (if he has had exactly 3 races, he must have earned $20,000 or more last year).

( b ) If colt has had 6 or more races this year, he must have won at least two of them.

( c ) Colt must have had at least one race within the last 4 months.

3 Distance: If a colt is going 6 1/2 furlongs or less today, his last race must have been at a distance shorter than 1-1/16 miles.

4 New Track: No good if going to another state from a track in California or Florida, or from Midwest or East to Florida, or from Midwest to East or vice-versa.

Abbreviated, the above rules may be typewritten single-spaced on a card that may be carried conveniently in one's pocket or wallet. Following is a list of the abbreviations used:

Moren More than
Unl Unless
Incl Inclusive
Mdn Maiden
F Furlongs
NRC Never raced in Wt Weight
LG Lost ground (from lengths, not horse's
Str Stretch
FIN Finish or finished
H Horse or horses
W Won
$ Money
R Race or races
LR Last race
AV Average money won
PP Past performances
Auto Automatic Play
Wks Workouts (given at bottom performance record).
Allow Allowance race
Hcp Handicap race
lbs pounds
5dRetc 5-day race
NBB Never been beaten at today's claiming price or lower
NLC New low class
NLW New low weight
2SGW Was second or better at stretch call last race, gained in stretch and won
Tdy Today
4 Aces Led from quarter-mile call (first call) to finish inclusive
2 Aces Led at both stretch call and finish of last race
FEM Females
L Length or lengths
App Allow Apprentice Allowance
SB Slow break last race
OPP Outside post position today
WE Won easily last race
Disq Disqualified or disqualification

So here are the abbreviated rules: Colts (3 or 4) in Allowances, Hcps., Stakes & Futurities


1 ( a ) Except BEL, AQ, GS, AP & HW, NG mud or heavy first race. Skip turf, derbies, classics or specials & added $ of $50,000 up, 1 3/8 up, minors, also BEL if 13 H & up in R. ( b ) L4R must have been majors, &NG LR Mdn R or Claiming R.

RULES OF SELECTION (Also Must Pass 4 Qualifying Rules)

1 Unl W LR by moren 10 L, need LR 2nd or lst Str., gained Str & Won. If tie, take colt with latest workout.

1 Need 2nd or 1st Str LR & W, & ( Unl W by moren 10 L) also gained Str. If tie, take colt with latest workout.

2 W all of L3R & Av. Moren $1000 THIS year AND in all PP R in $ or beaten only 1 length or less. If tie, pass the race.

(If one of each, Rule 1 takes precedence over Rule 2 )


1 ODDS, CLASS & WEIGHT: (a) Unl Won LR by moren 1OL, need 5-2 or better, but 6-1 or better NG. ( b ) AVERAGE MONEY EARNED: Colt must have averaged $500 or more per race either (1) this year or (2) in last 2 years combined if shows less than 15 races this year & hasn't earned $500 or more per race this year. ( c ) If in allowance last race but in higher class race today, must have (1) Won all of L3R or (2) in past performances must have been in a handicap race or higher 75% of the time AND in LR must have led Str & Finish & won easily.

( d ) NG any APPR ALLOW today, or carrying 128 or more pounds. AND, in ALLOW R, 119 or more NG Unl gained moren 1 L Str LR; also 120 lbs up NG Allow R Unl W LR by moren 10 lengths.

2 LATE ACTION: ( a ) Need 3 or more races this year (If exactly 3, must have earned $20,000 or more LAST year). ( b ) If had 6 or more races this year, must have W 2 of them. ( c ) Colt must have had a race within the last 4 months.

3 DISTANCE: If 6 1/2 furlongs or less tdy, LR must have been at a distance shorter than 1 1/16 miles.

4 NEW TRACK: NG if going to another state from a track in California or Florida, or from Midwest to East or vice-versa, or from Midwest or East to Florida.

In the back of the book will be found a duplicate of these rules which can be cut out and stapled onto a card approximately 5" x 7". This card may be carried in a man's pocket or lady's bag for handy reference.

The most important thing to remember in these rules is that our most powerful type of horse, either in the colt system or in the claiming race system which follows, is the type that in its last race was second or better at the stretch call, gained ground (from the standpoint of beaten lengths from the stretch call to the finish) and won the race.

This type of horse is dynamite, in its next start, for two reasons. They are:

(1) In its last race, this horse had enough get up and go to reach a contending position during the stretch drive. (2) The horse then gained ground on his rivals, as if to say: "Goodbye, boys, I'm taking charge now, just come and get me." This "forward urge" type of horse seems to make an excellent repeater (horse which won its last race).

Now that we have listed the rules, let us get down still further to brass tacks and examine the past performance records of some of those colts which maintained an unbroken winning streak for four weeks during the test run taken during the Spring of 1952.

The first colt to become eligible was King Johe, running in the fifth race at Belmont Park, an allowance affair at 1-1/16 miles, on May 21. Here is how he looked that morning:

King Jolie C3 119 1952 14 2 6 4 $11,100
1951 2 M 0 1 $350

16My Bel fast 6f Allow 6 3 3 11 1 2 1/2 118 Drew Clear

Incidentally, the "M" in the win column of the 1951 record indicates that at the end of the year King Jolie still was a maiden, not yet having won a race.

The first thing to determine is that he is a colt, aged either 3 or 4. The "C3" shows us that he is a three-year-old colt.

We note that in his last race King Jolie led at the stretch call by one length, and at the finish had increased his lead to 2 1/2 lengths, thus becoming a play under Rule l, Rules of Selection, if he can pass all of the four qualifying rules.

Next, reading across the other items, we note that King Jolie last ran on the 16th of May over a distance of six furlongs on a fast track at Belmont Park in an allow ance race. Another item in which we are interested (you can check its accuracy either from your track "late changes" on the big board or possibly from a scratch sheet. earlier), is whether your colt for any reason has been assigned more weight than the poundage listed for him in the racing paper. If so, correct this item at once.

We note that King Jolie, who toted 118 pounds in his last race, is carrying 119 pounds today. However, he meets the condition of Rule 1D in the qualifying rules because he gained more than one length in the stretch in his last race.

Finally we note that the colt in 14 starts this particular year won a total of $11,100 in purse money for an average of almost $800 per race.

You can see at a glance that King Jolie qualifies on the few remaining rules. He won and paid $8.10 for $2, or slightly better than 3 to 1.

In looking for these eligible colts, it is possible with a little practice to wade through an entire card in a very few minutes, enabling the race-goer to devote most of his attention to our claiming race system, which follows this one.

With the colts, you run your eye rapidly down the center of the racing paper, looking for a "C3" or a "C4" that in his last race was second or better at the stretch call, gained any ground during the stretch run and won. (At the same time you can look for one that won all of his last three races.) Then it will take you only a minute to check him on the four qualifying rules.

On the same day that King Jolie won, at Garden State, in another allowance race, there was a colt entered, but later scratched, that would not have been a play on two counts, as follows:

Long Bow C4 111 1952 4 2 0 0 $4,800
1951 8 2 0 1 $5,925

14MY GS fast 1 1/8 $6500 4 3 2 11% 1 1 1/4 116 Hard drive

In the first place, Long Bow is not eligible for an allowance race because his last race was in a claiming race, for $6,500.

In the second place, this colt led at both the stretch and finish of his last race, but you will note that he was 1 1/2 lengths ahead at the stretch call but only 1 1/4 lengths at the finish. Thus he lost ground, from the standpoint of beaten lengths, in the stretch instead of gaining.

Here is a "perfect" colt which won the Thomas J. Healey Handicap at Garden State on May 24 (he paid $10.80 for $2):

Alerted C4 116 1952 12 3 4 2 $56,325
1951 31 8 8 6 $101,285

3My Pim fast 1 3/16 Hcp 2 2 1 lh 1 1/2 112 Driving

Alerted's race was at 1 1/8 miles. On the same day the colt Sailed Away won a six-furlong allowance race at Suffolk Downs. Here is how he looked:

Sailed Away C3 112 1952 12 2 3 3 $6,266
1951 16 1 2 4 $4,472

19My Suf fast 6f Allow 3 4 2 2 1nk 108 Game win

Sailed Away paid $9.40 for $2. On the same day there was a bad play at Garden State, as follows:

Buzzing Bee C4 117 1952 2 1 1 0 $4,625
1951 17 2 2 3 $9,550

8My GS fast 6f Allow 2 1 2 lh lh 109 Held gamely

In this case the reader should not be misled by the comment "held gamely," for this reason:

Buzzing Bee was not eligible under the rules because while he did hold his own from the stretch to the finish in his last race, he failed to gain any ground. He was also ineligible because he had had only two races this particular year. He ran out of the money.

On May 27 in the seventh race at Garden State, an allowance affair at a mile and 70 yards, both Lord Priam and King Jolie were eligible so we had to go to the "tie" stipulation in Rule l, Rules of Selection, to break the deadlock. Here is how they looked:

Lord Priam C3 118 1952 6 3 0 0 $7,900
1951 7 1 2 2 $10,950

17My GS fast 6f Allow 2 3 1 Easil Best

King Jolie C3 118 1952 15 3 6 4 $13,700
1951 2 M 0 1 $350

Incidentally, it is not the speed, but the date of the latest workout that counts. We had to take King Jolie because his last workout was on May 26 while Lord Priam's was on May 23. King Jolie won and paid $9.40 for $2.

The complete results of this four-week test run for colts will be listed later on in the book along with the results of our claiming race system, which we will take up in the next chapter.

Incidentally, regarding the last race (on May 21) of King Jolie in the past performance record just given, note that a neck ( nk ) is a greater margin than a head ( h ) . Likewise, a head is a greater margin than a nose (no).

For two reasons, we would like to pay special attention to our next past performance record, which deals with none other than our now familiar friend, King Jolie, again.

The first reason is that although the King did lose ground in the stretch in his last race, from the standpoint of beaten lengths, he qualified under the second rule of the rules of selection dealing with colts which won their last three races. This is the only type of colt which is not required to have gained ground during the stretch run of his last race, as was stated clearly in the rules.

The other reason we are calling attention to our good King Jolie is that although during a ten-day period he did win for us three times in succession, it must be remem bered that each and every time, he qualified under the rules.

What we are trying to get at is that a race fan should not start following a horse out of pure sentiment, that is, because the nag won for him previously. In each suc cessive race, he should not be taken on unless he qualifies absolutely under the rules, in the new set-up. We are making this rather positive because we have seen countless race fans throw away money betting on a horse simply because the steed had won for him the last time out.

Well, to get back to King Jolie, here is the way he looked going into the Jersey Stakes, at a mile and a quarter, at Garden State on the last day of May in 1952:

King Jolie C3 111 1952 16 4 6 4 $17,425
1951 2 M 0 1 $350

27My GS fast 1.70 Allow 4 4 1 1 lh 118 Held gamely

21My Bel my 11/1s Allow 3 2 lh Ink 119 Driving

16My Bel fast 6f Allow 3 3 1 1 1/2 118 Drew clear

The King won and paid $10.60, a rather fat price considering his impressive record.

By the time the reader has checked these past performance records against the rules, he should be able to pick colt winners for himself.

Incidentally, in both systems, when we say the stretch leader lost ground from there on from the standpoint of beaten lengths, we naturally do not mean that he was beaten-we are referring to his margin over the second horse at the stretch call and again at the finish. Likewise, regarding our frequent use in both the colt and claiming race rules of the expression "was second or better at the stretch call, gained in stretch and won," it is obvious that in mentioning gaining in the stretch, we are referring to horses that led at the stretch callbecause if a horse was exactly second at the stretch call and won the race, he must have gained ground in the stretch.

Therefore, the rule is phrased in just the abbreviated form we have used, in order to keep it short and still cover both types of horses.

This winds up our study of colts completely. No further mention, except incidentally, will be made of them. Starting with the next chapter, we now will turn our attention to claiming races.

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