( Originally Published 1955 )
Contemporary American painter who works in a style of meticulous realism with Surrealist overtones. His earliest work was an outgrowth of Cubism (see), but in the early 1930's he turned toward Surrealism (see) and achieved recognition with South of Scranton (Metropolitan), which won first prize at the 1934 Carnegie International. In The Eternal City (1934-1937, Museum of Modern Art) he undertook a social statement of complex symbolism. His most recent work has been almost purely a minutely detailed transcription of reality. He was born in Russia, grew up in Brooklyn, and studied at the Educational Alliance, Art Students League and the Beaux-Arts.