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Federico Barocci (1526-1612)

( Originally Published 1955 )

Umbrian painter who was born in Urbino and worked there and in Pesaro, Rome, Milan, and Genoa. A follower of Correggio, he produced an art which because of its softness of forms and pastel color may seem to modern tastes oversweet and mannered, but which in its revolutionary treatment of light, movement, and space, and in its emotionalism, was extremely important to the general development of seventeenth-century Baroque art in Europe, influencing both Bernini and Rubens. He began his career under his father, Ambrogio di Federico, and studied with Battista Franco, a Venetian influenced by Michelangelo, working in the Cathedral of Urbino between 1546 and 1551. He was then sent to his uncle, Bartolommeo Genga, architect to Guidobaldo II, in Pesaro and c. 1546 went to Rome where he studied Raphael. He was working in Rome in 1560 with the Maniera (see) painter Federigo Zuccari in the Casino of Pope Pius IV when he was taken very ill. From then on he worked only sparingly and slowly, refusing all large commissions. Among his most famous and much copied works are the Madonna del Popolo (1579, Uffizi), a Deposition (Perugia Cathedral), and an Entombment (Confraternita di Santa Croce, Sinigaglia).

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