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( Originally Published 1951 )
Throughout the eighteenth century, France remained the leader in art and design. The French Rococo style appeared on the Continent about 1725, but it took two more decades for it to be accepted in the isolated North. In Sweden the time of its adaptation is usually known as the Period of Fredrik I.
In the new period, which was similar to the late baroque with its Berain-inspired ornamentation, forms were more symmetrical, as appears in the pear-shaped coffeepots. Contours were emphasized by chased vertical ridges, one of the most popular decorative devices of the time. A teapot made in 1730 in Kristianstad by Albrecht Hoborg (1705-1747) is typical. Except for the engraved coat of arms of the owner, it has no decoration but the chased ridges. A later style is seen in a teapot made in 1747 by Gustaf Stafhell (1714-1755). The plain surface and round, rhythmic form were popular in the rococo period.
In time, coffeepots were elongated and either gently rounded, or horizontally marked. The rounded type, made by Henrik Losch (1727-1759) of Stockholm, is decorated in an engraved and mat-punched pattern combined with vertical ridges. The plain coffeepot was designed by Johan Wennerwall of Gothenburg (1737-1773).
The tureen was a new article of silver which originated in France early in the eighteenth century. The French word terrin indicates the use of potter's clay, and most tureens of the eighteenth century-Swedish as well as French-were of faience. As the century progressed, however, tureens appeared in pewter, glass, and also in silver. One of the earliest Swedish silver tureens was made in 1722 by Johan Friedrich Steltzer (1721-1753). It is a well-proportioned, handsome piece, the round, smooth, profiled form effectively set off by well-spaced ridges, a fluted knob, and mask-shaped handles.
Many late baroque pieces continued to be made in their more or less original forms. Chased trays were still produced, though somewhat smaller, especially by rural craftsmen. The threefooted tankard remained popular, and only differed from its predecessor in the addition of an engraved rim. A unique and decorative piece was made in 1749 by Petter H. Henning (1735-1766) of Stockholm. Characteristic of the times is the lavish ribbon engraving. Spherical feet have been replaced by a molded base of fluted ridges. Three-footed bowls kept the early form. One made by E-Ienrik Wittkopf the Elder (1724-1756) of Stockholm, dated 1733, has traditional lines, but the new concept appears in the Berain-inspired engraving on bowl and cover.