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ORIENTAL CARPETS: See CARPETS and TURKEY-WORK.
ORIENTAL RUGS: See RUGS, Oriental.
PADUASOY: A strong corded or grosgrain silk fabric, originating at Padua, an Italian city long known for the excellence of its fabrics. Much worn by both sexes in the 18th century. A serge fabric, also from Padua, was called paduasay.
PAISLEY SHAWLS: See SHAWLS.
PARAGON: A woolen material used for garments, hangings, and upholstery in the 17th and 18th centuries.
PATCHWORK: See QUILTS.
PERSIANA: A light silk printed with floral designs.
PETIT-POINT: Sometimes called tent-stitch. It is a slanting stitch, worked usually in silk or wool over a single thread or mesh of coarsely woven canvas. It was much used in the walnut period of furniture. Anything above eighteen stitches to the inch is petit'point. The smaller the stitch, the more enduring the work. Petit-point of over twenty-four stitches to the inch will outwear fine velvet. Coarser work, using the same stitch, is known as gros-point (q.v.). See NEEDLEWORK.
PINTADO: A variety of East Indian chintz printed or painted in colors, and used for wall-hangings in England in the 17th century.
PLUSH: A textile fabric with a pile or nap longer than that of velvet. It is made of cotton, wool or silk.
POINT-LACE: It is believed to have originated in Venice in the desire to produce light and graceful effects in embroidery. See LACE.
POPLIN: A fabric with a silk warp and worsted weft, having a corded surface.
PORTIERE: A door hanging or curtain. PRINTING ON TEXTILES See TEXTILES.
PURL: Fine wire closely bound with silk, then coiled around a fine rod and pushed off in the form of a coiled tube. Short lengths of purl were freely used in needlework of the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
QUILTING: A favorite decoration for coverlets (q.v.), also for table covers, tester valances, petticoats, etc. It consisted of many intricate stitches needed to make the desired patterns, some of which were very elaborate. The feather designs, both single and double, were used more frequently than any others for quilting valued coverlets. Then there were the tulip, the basket of flowers, the running vine, the twisted rope and many others.
QUILTS: They were at first plain piece-work of cotton or linen made of small blocks of various shapes and sizes, sewed together, usually of some geometric design, with a lining often fixed in position by stitching. A "patchwork" quilt is one upon which the design is laid on like a patch and sewed into place. In other words the design is cut separately and applied to the quilt. It is also known as a pieced quilt. See COVERLETS.