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Textiles (M) - Encylopedia Of Antiques

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MANTILLA: The national head-dress of lace for women in Spain. The name is derived from manto, the veil with which Spanish ladies were accustomed to cover the face, after a custom of Moorish women.

MANTUA: A silk fabric made in Italy.

MOCKADO: Inferior cloth made in several parts of Europe, and much used for clothing in the 16th and 17th centuries.

MOHAIR: A fabric composed of the hair of the angora goat, mixed with silk or wool, used occasionally in the 17th and 18th centuries for upholstery and hangings. Later, the name was applied to a material of silk.

MORAVIAN-WORK: See NEEDLEWORK PICTURES.

MOREEN: A woolen fabric, sometimes mixed with cotton, in imitation of watered silk (moire), used for hangings in the 18th century.

MORTLAKE TAPESTRIES: See TAPESTRIES, English.

MULE SPINNER: A machine for spinning fine threads. The invention of this machine by Samuel Crompton (q. v. PART 6 ) in 1779 revolutionized the cotton-spinning industry. The spindles were set in a traveling frame to reduce the strain of the process of spinning, by rollers, producing finer strands, which enabled English textile makers to manufacture muslins equal to those formerly imported from India, and brought great prosperity to Manchester. See SPINNING JENNY.

MUSLIN: A fine cotton fabric of Oriental origin deriving its name from Moslem. It somewhat resembles gauze in appearance, but it is woven plain without any looping of the warp threads on the weft. The term "muslin" is now also applied to a coarser and heavier cotton cloth suitable for sheets and pillow cases.