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Textiles (JK) - Encylopedia Of Antiques

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JACQUARD LOOM: This loom, which has played so important a part in textile weaving since its invention, was perfected by Joseph Marie Jacquard of Lyons, France, about 1806. The Jacquard attachment may be applied to almost any style of loom and it is used in weaving large and complex patterns. One of the earliest used in this country was at the Northrup Woolen Mill at Roanoke, New York, in 1820.

JEAN: A twilled cotton cloth resembling fustian.

KERSEY: A coarse, smooth-faced narrow wool fabric something like broadcloth but lighter in weight, distinguished by the diagonal ribbed appearance of its upper surface, where the nap, not being raised, allows its structure to be seen.

KIDDERMINSTER CARPETS: See CARPETS, Kidderminster.