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Textiles (HI) - Encylopedia Of Antiques

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HAIR-CLOTH: A covering for chair seats and for other purposes, made from horse hair, woven on a warp of cotton, linen or worsted, and in use in this country even before the Revolution and continuing for more than one hundred years. It was economical because of its long-wearing qualities.

HANGINGS: In their application to the history of furniture, hangings include not only bed and window curtains but wall coverings of the various materials used. Tapestries (Arras) were the favored coverings on the walls of the houses of the wealthy. Leather was less used as a wall covering in England than on the Continent. The lighter textiles were naturally preferred for the curtains of beds and windows. Then, from the beginning of the 17 th century through the 18th century can be traced the development of the use of paper as a wall covering. See BED-HANGINGS.

HARRATEEN: A kind of linen fabric mixed with wool in use in Colonial times. It was also used in England for wall-hangings and the drapery of beds in the 18th century.

HATCHEL, HACKLE: A wooden comb with iron teeth used in the preparation of flax for spinning.

HOLLAND: A linen fabric originally made in Holland.

HONITON LACE: A form of lace made in Honiton, England, introduced there by Flemish refugees in the middle of the 16th century. The lace made there never attained the celebrity of that from the great centers in Flanders and the north of France. See LACE.

HOOKED RUGS: See RUGS, Hooked.

HORSEHAIR: See HAIR-CLOTH.

HUNGARIAN-STITCH: See BARGELLO'WORK.

IRISH LACE: Similar to point-lace and known also as Irish guipure. It is distinctly a home industry in Ireland and very little ommercialized.

ITALIAN LACE: See LACE.

ITALIAN TAPESTRIES: See TAPESTRIES.