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Textiles (FG) - Encylopedia Of Antiques

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FARANDINE: A cloth of silk and wool or hair, invented about 1630 by one Ferrand.

FEATHER EDGE: Ribbons and braids, ornamented on one edge with loops or tufts.

FLAME-STITCH: See BARGELLO'WORK.

FLAX: The vegetable growth from which linen is made. It was the most used fiber until superseded by cotton at the close of the 18th century.

FLEMISH TAPESTRIES: See TAPESTRIES.

FLUSHING: A heavy coarse cloth made from shoddy, taking its name from Flushing, Holland.

FRENCH TAPESTRIES: See TAPESTRIES.

FRIEZE: A coarse woolen cloth with a rough, shaggy nap, usually on one side only.

FRINGE: An ornamental border of hanging cords. See UPHOLSTERY.

FULLING: A textile term for a process of scouring and pressing whereby woolen goods are cleaned of grease and thickened into a compact finished material.

FUSTIAN: A coarse, twilled cotton or linen material such as corduroy, frequently used for bed-hangings in early times.

GALLOON: A cotton, silk or worsted fabric, used for dress trimmings, also a thin tape of silk woven with metal, used for uniforms.

GIMP: (French Guimpure, Guipure) A lace trimming for dress made from silk, wool or cotton in which fine wire is twisted into the cord. Gold and silver wire are used in the manufacture of military cord.

GINGHAM: A cotton fabric of a light or medium weight, woven from colored yarns in stripes or checks. The woven design differentiates the fabric from printed calico, some of the designs on which resemble those of ginghams.

GOBELIN TAPESTRIES: See TAPESTRIES, Gobelin.

GROS-POINT: Needlework, on a coarse, canvas ground, of wool or silk, which crosses two meshes of the canvas as distinct from petit'point (q.v.), which crosses only one mesh, See NEEDLEWORK.