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REMMEY WARE: The name given to heavy stoneware made at the Remmey pottery in New York in the 18th century. This ware is heavier than the Crolius ware (q.v.), also a New York product. It has a semiglazed surface in blended brown colorings with but little attempt at decoration.
RESIST: A term common to several crafts, in general meaning a method of decorating by coating a background with a soluble film, which is later removed, so that the actual decoration will be retained only where desired. Here the term is often used to describe silver lustre ware madc by a resist process, with the ground of platinum (silver) and the ornamentation in white or color. See LUSTRE WARE.
REVERBERATORY FURNACE: This is a kiln so constructed that ceramics fired in it do not come into direct contact with the fuel. The flame goes over a fire bridge of brick and is reflected or reverberated on the material beneath.
RIDGWAY WARE: Job Ridgway, the founder, one of Wedgwood's apprentices, started in business in 1794 at Shelton, Staffordshire, and in 1802 built the works known as Cauldon Place. Later, the businesses of several others of the Staffordshire potters were combined with this factory. Ridgway made a good grade of earthenware similar in many respects to ironstone china, and also made porcelain of excellent quality. The firm flourished, especially during the management of John Ridgway, son of the founder, from 1814 to 1855. During that time they made a set of dark blue design called "Beauties of America" with a border of rose-leaf medallions.
ROCKINGHAM WARE: This ware was first made at a factory located at Swinton, England, established in 1757 by Edward Butler. It took its name from the Marquis of Rockingham, on whose property the factory was located, and the cream ware made there, covered with a heavy lead glaze richly and warmly colored in brawn, became very popular and was copied by other English potters. The so-called "Cadogan" tea-pots without any cover and filled through a hole in the bottom were a celebrated Rockingham product. In 1806, Brameld & Co. took over the works, and continued the various manufactures. In 1820 and until the factory was closed in 1842, porcelain of good quality was also made at Swinton. This porcelain is famed, both for its beautiful ground colors and for the exquisite finish of its painting in enameled colors, and for its gilding. Rockingham ware as made in this country is made from natural buff-colored clays, covered with a dark brown glaze and often mottled by spattering the glaze before it is fired. It was first made here by James Bennett, an English potter at work at East Liverpool, Ohio, in 1839. Later many of the factories were producing it. It was a notable production of the Bennington potteries.
ROOKWOOD POTTERY: It is safe to say that no cexarnic establishment in this country has come nearer to fulfilling the requirements of a distinctively American institution than this pottery at Cincinnati, Ohio, and it equals, if it does not surpass, anything produced by European potters. The works were established in 1880 by Mrs. Maria Longwortll (Nichols) Storer, who surrounded herself with skilled workmen and able artists. They at first made domestic white and yellow ware of a superior quality for which native clays were used, with blue and brown underglaze printed decoration.
This ware was gradually superseded by the more elegant and decorative forms, which have since attracted so much attention. The ware since produced at Rookwood is a true "faience" and may be classed under three general headings: Cameo or shell-tinted ware, dull-finished ware and, most characteristic of Rookwood, the richly-glazed "faience" in rich tones of black, yellow, red, olive, green, brown and amber. The body partakes of some of the qualities of stoneware and some of the properties of semi-porcelain. The surface is only equaled by the finest Oriental porcelains, and Copenhagen porcelain is the only Occidental porcelain which rivals Rookwood in its management of high-light colors. The harmony of all of the elements, color, decoration and glaze combined, makes Rookwood beautiful. Today, the exquisite ceramic creations of Rookwood may be found in every prominent art museum in this country and in almost every home of culture and refinement.
ROUEN (France) WARE: A manufactory of artistic pottery is believed to have been located here in the 16th century. From about the middle until the close of the 17th century a true French "faience" was produced extensively at several different factories. It was characterized by accuracy of drawing, elegance of modeling and richness of coloring. About 1673, softpaste porcelain was made here, specimens of which are very rare. The body has a slightly greenish hue. The painting, nearly always in blue, is over the glaze before the firing, and the decoration is French in design. None of it was marked. Factory was closed in 1696.
ROYAL WORCESTER PORCELAIN: See WORCESTER.
RUSSIAN PORCELAIN: See PORCELAIN, Russian.