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Metals (M) - Encylopedia Of Antiques

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MARKS: See HALL-MARKS and Touch MARKS.

MARROW SPOONS: See SPOONS.

MAZER BOWLS: A drinking bowl of medieval times made of mazer (maple) wood, bound and mounted on silver or pewter. Sometimes the bowls were lined with the metal also. This was the earliest type of domestic plate, and came into use in England in the 15th century. They were not made after the 16th century, and almost without exception, those preserved are of maple wood. The "Scrope" mazer at York is 12 inches across and 3I2 inches deep, dating from the beginning of the 15th century.

METAL MOUNTS: A means of opening and shutting lids and doors in the form of hinges (q.v. ), locks (q.v.), and handles. See also BRASSES.

MONTEITH: This name was given to a silver punch bowl or basin with a notched or indented rim, to which the glasses were attached, made in England late in the 17th century. The rim was moveable. The name that is of the fashionable gentleman of the day, Monteith, for whom the bowl was first made.

MORTARS: These were in domestic use from the 16th to the 18th centuries, with the accompanying pestle, in the preparation of home remedies. The form may be described as resembling an inverted bell.

MOUNTS: The handles, escutcheons and any ornamental metal work used on desks, bureaus and other furniture. Until the end of the 16th century, mounts appear to have been the work of the blacksmith. In the 17th century increasing use of mounts made their manufacture a separate industry. See BRASSES.

MUGS: These were made of pewter or silver, usually similar to the bodies of the tankards of the same period, with a handle but without a cover. Some were of the shape of the beaker, the caudlecup, or the stoneware jug. They always had a flat bottom. The so-called "can" or "cup" used in America was made with a rounded bottom and molded base. Mugs were a popular form of drinking vessel throughout the 18th century.