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Metals (JK) - Encylopedia Of Antiques

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JAPANESE PEWTER: This ware has been made in a variety of forms for more than one thousand years. Examples of the antique pewter are on exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

JAPANNED WARE: Although fine japanned work, which is lacquering or varnishing on metal, was done in Holland, France, and Spain following the early importations of Chinese lacquer, the best of the early work was done on tin-plated iron at Pontypool, England, near Wales, late 17th century, where a fine varnish, heatresisting, hard-drying and with a surface peculiarly well adapted for decoration, had been discovered. The first mill for rolling iron was erected at Pontypool in 1664, and the invention of tin-plating speedily followed. The manufacture of japanned ware began next, lasting a hundred years. Examples of that work are things of beauty, worthy of a place of honor today. The chief difference to be noted between modern japanned ware and that of older date is the delightfully mellowed coloring of the old and the shiny brightness of the new. Japanning was done on pewter and on tin, also, in the 18th century. In this country, japanned tin ware was made and sold in great quantities and variety during the first half of the 19th century. See TOLE.

KNIVES, TABLE: These began to appear in England in the Restoration period, although they did not become common until the 18th century. Early knives were of steel with bone or ivory handles. Later handles of porcelain or silver were used.

KNOCKER, DOOR: The earliest knocker was of the S type and its knock was deep, sharp and resounding. These were at first made of wrought iron, then of brass. Early brass knockers came from England, as casting iii brass here was not begun until late in the 18th century. In the Georgian period, the "urn" knocker came into favor, and continued in use until well into the 19th century. These knockers were often hand-chased and they were attached to the door by wrought-iron bolts. After the Revolution knockers were made in this country, cast in sand molds from wood-carvers' models of the English pattern, in a variety of shapes and designs.

KNOP: An architectural term often applied in other fields, and used in early times to designate the terminal of a spoon.