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TEMPLE (New Hampshire) GLASS WORKS: The first glass factory to be started in the Colonies after the Revolution was started here. The life of the project was short and the output limited. Bottles and some decanters and probably some other shapes were made of glass of a greenish color, but little, if any, genuine Temple glass is now known to be in existence. Robert Hewes of Boston started the works in 1780 and the history of the works is a story of an interesting personality rather than that of a successful industry. He was a man of versatile talents, not only familiar with glass-making but a good surgeon. In 1787 he became identified with the Essex Glass Works in Boston (q.v.).
THREE-MOLD GLASS: See GLASS, Three-Mold.
TIFFANY GLASS: Known as Favrile Glass, an invention of Louis C. Tiffany in 1893 as a medium for use in making stained-glass windows. Later it was used for blown-glass forms but it was always hand-made. The tinting of the glass is wonderfully rich, and the iridescent and gem-like effects are astonishingly brilliant. The name Favrile is a derivation from an old Saxon word meaning hand-wrought. Each article is marked with the Tiffany name or initials and all unusual pieces bear a number with the letters of the alphabet being used, at first as a prefix, later as a suffix to the number.
TOOLS: No great variety of tools are used in glass-making, and they have undergone but little change since the time of the Romans. The principal ones are the pucellas, a pair of blunt shears working like a pair of sugar tongs, used in shaping blown glass; the spring tool, a kind of simple tongs; the blowing-iron, a hollow tube about four feet long; the pontil or "punty" rod, made solid in various sizes and-attached directly opposite the blowing iron; and the marver (French marbre, meaning marble), a slab of iron on which the lump of glass is rolled to smooth the outside before blowing.