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Furniture (K) - Encylopedia Of Antiques

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KAS or KASSE: The Dutch name for cupboard, although it was really more of a wardrobe than a cupboard. Many of those in this country were made by the Dutch descendants of the early settlers of New York. Some of them are very large and usually are mounted on bun feet. Some were fitted with shelves, usually with doors and some of them had a drawer or drawers beneath the cupboard. They were usually painted or carved on the front, or decorated in marquetry in the Dutch style.

KETTLE FRONT: A swelling or bulging form of Dutch inspiration of earlier date and sharper curves than the "bombe" (q.v.) front.

KNEE: The uppermost curve of the cabriole leg, where it is thickest.

KNEE-HOLE DESKS: See DESKS, Knee-Hole.

KNIFE BOXES Or CASES: Made usually in pairs to contain knives and forks and sometimes spoons, to be set on ends of early sideboards. They were usually of mahogany or of soft wood, lacquered, about twelve inches high and with lid sloping down in front, which was either flat or serpentine in form. The knives and forks were inserted with their handles upwards and spoons with the bowls upwards. They were most popular from middle to end of 18th century and it was in England that the knife case appeared most widely and in greatest variety.

KNIFE URNS: These were in common use in England during last half of 18th century but were seldom seen in this country. At first they were placed on pedestals made especially for them, but with the development of the sideboard by Shearer, they were made lighter in form and placed at each end of the sideboard. The partitions in these were arranged concentrically about the central stem to which the lid was secured and kept up by a spring when required. They were contemporary with knife boxes, served a similar purpose, and like them were usually made of mahogany, although metal urns, lacquered or japanned, were made.