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Dog Training: Collar, Lead And Other Equipment
( Originally Published 1943 )
The lead (or leash-we prefer the term lead) is the cord, with which, attached to the collar, the master keeps the dog by his side or under control. Chains kink, rust and make noise. A leather lead is preferable. More recently flat fabric material has been used also.
A chain is to be used for tieing as the dog cannot chew it into shreds as he can almost any other lead. This chain should have a swivel at center or near the collar end to prevent Linking. The holding end should have a loop for the hand and the collar end should have a snap or swivel so that the turning of the dog does not twist the lead. A swivel for the hand loop also is excellent.
For shortcoated dogs a flat collar, preferably narrow, is recommended; for longcoated dogs, a round or narrow flat collar. A wide collar does damage to the coat of a longhaired dog. for a shortcoated dog also. In general, a all breeds.
Felt or any other trimming or lining soon becomes insanitary. A chain collar harms the coat, except on shortcoated dogs.
It can be a choke collar, whose loose end attached to the lead, tightens around his neck when he pulls his front legs out of shape, and to the discredit of his owner, hasn't learned to heel, that is, to walk by one's side without tug and strain.
Collars on puppies do not cause goiter. If the goiter condition exists in the neck, the use of a collar may hasten its development.
The use of the harness has many devotees but they are not found among professional dog people, handlers and trainers. Do not use a harness at any time. It enables the dog to tag and pull with full strength; it almost makes impossible the training of a dog on lead; it tends to "pull A wide collar does A round collar is satisfactory round collar is preferable for out the elbows" in the young dog, is more insaniiary tban a. collar, and in general, has little to recommend its use.
For retrieving, a wooden dumb bell, a stuffed glove or sock are satisfactory.
An ordinary policeman's whistle should be available. The "silent" whistle, a whistle of very high pitch (not really silent) can be used to cover distance and to avoid irritation to persons by reason of noise. Dogs respond to the high-pitched sound.
Play toys should not be painted or varnished. Balls should be large rather than small in order that they may not be swallowed. Solid balls are preferable and more lasting. An ideal play tool is a stuffed sock sewed tightly.
Blankets, sweaters and other clothing are to be eschewed by the owner if not chewed by the dog; they are insanitary, unheaItlrful and not necessary except for ailing dogs, weakling dogs, and sissy dogs.