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Antique Collectors' Dictionary (I)

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Ice-glass: Pitted, frosted surface; Venetian originally.

Imari Ware: Japanese porcelain from Arita (q.v.) characterized by over-decoration in red, blue and other colours inspired by brocades ('Brocaded Imari'). These wares, which reached England in increasing quantities during the eighteenth century, were copied by many English factories. The Chinese copied them too. Then in the late nineteenth century the Japanese copied themselves-though not very happily-and exported considerable quantities of this product. (Imari was the port a few miles from Arita through which the wares were shipped to Europe.)

Ince (William) and Mayhew (John): Cabinet-makers whose book of designs, the Universal System of Household Furniture appeared in parts during the period 1759-63. Their style is a mixture of rococo and Gothic elements in elaborate symmetrical patterns. Ornate chair backs are a feature. Cabinets, stands, mirrors, sconces are frequently decorated with fauna and tendrils.

Incised Decoration: Ceramics decoration, the design being executed with a pointed tool, a manner of decorating as old as pottery itself. (See Sgraffito for a sophisticated variation.)

'India' or 'Indian' Goods: Term in use throughout the seventeenth and a good deal of the eighteenth century to describe any articles imported from the Orient.

Inlay (Furniture): A method of decorating furniture by laying small pieces of differently coloured woods (or bone, ivory, etc.) in prepared recesses in the surface of the piece to be decorated. This inlay was a popular form of decoration in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries on oak and walnut furniture. See Marquetry.

Intaglio: Engraved design which is sunken below the surfaceas in glass, ceramics, jewellery.

Intarsia or Tarsia: Inlay of coloured woods (or metal, ivory, etc.) much used in Italy in the fifteenth century, particularly on chests. Much esteemed is the work of Fra Giovanno (1459-1525), in which landscapes, vistas of cities and human figures are represented. This form of decoration is the parent of marquetry (q.v.).

Ironstone China: Opaque stoneware made first by Spode at the beginning of the nineteenth century and later by several makers, including Mason of Lane Delph and Ridgway of Hanley.