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Clocks And Watches (V) - Encyclopedia Of Antiques

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Vase Clock: A French clock shaped like a vase in which clockwork moves a REVOLVING BAND around the rim to indicate the time.

Velvet Dial: Early Dutch clock style of a metal (sometimes silver) CHAPTER RING on a velvet background. Employed on the first pendulum clock made for HUYGENS.

Verge Escapement: Earliest mechanical clock ESCAPEMENT, comprising a wheel shaped like a king's crown (and called the 'crown wheel'), the teeth of which are released by two PALLETS on an ARBOR (axle) which carries a FILIOT. Probably invented in the thirteenth century and used in watches with a BALANCE WHEEL to the eighteenth, and as late as mid-nineteenth century in JAPANESE CLOCKS.

Vertical Frame: One of the earliest forms of construction of large church or TOWER CLOCKS in England. The wheels are arranged in a vertical line. All originally had VERGE and FOLIOT escapements. The only one in original condition is the COTEHELE CLOCK. Others with iron frames are at Marston Magna, Sydling St Nicholas, Tytherington, EXETER CATHEDRAL, Ottery St Mary, and Castle Combe. There are two with wooden frames, at Leintwardine in Bedfordshire, and Sharnbxooke in Bedfordshire.

Victoria and Albert Museum Collection: The development of decoration is shown by clocks and watches made from 1500 to mid-nineteenth century, in the Department of Metalwork. They include the earliest dated English clock-a BRACKET CLOCK signed FRANCOY NOWE, 1588, and a very large collection of watches. A collection of clocks in the Department of Woodwork illustrates their history as domestic furniture.

Vienna Regulator: Weight-driven wall clock with PENDULUM and glass fronted and sided case, made in Austria and Germany. Not strictly a REGULATOR. First made in the early nineteenth century in Vienna and called 'laternuhr' (LANTERN CLOCK) because of the case. These had SECONDS PENDULUMS. Later, 3/4-seconds pendulums were used and, with these, the SECONDS HAND does not in fact record seconds.

Virgule Escapement: Watch ESCAPEMENT invented about 1750, with similar layout to the CYLINDER ESCAPEMENT, but not so popular.

Vulliamy, Benjamin Lewis (1780-1854): Maker of fine clocks and ROYAL CLOCKMAKER, many by him being in the ROYAL COLLECTION. Tendered for the making of 'BIG BEN'. Claimed to have invented the BEAT PLATE. Converted many earlier clocks to LEVER ESCAPEMENT, which upset antiquarians.