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TASER, ELNATHAN (1784-1854): Native of New Bedford, Massachusetts, of Quaker parentage. He went to Roxbury and served as an apprentice to Simon Willard, afterwards engaging in clock-making on his own account. When Willard retired in 1839, Taber bought most of his tools and the goodwill of the business. His clocks equal in quality those of Willard.
TAYLOR, JOHN N. (1842-?): President of Knowles, Taylor and Knowles Co., of East Liverpool, Ohio, one of the largest producers of earthenware and tableware of the 19th century.
TERRY, ELI (1772-1852): A leading American clock-maker of Plymouth, Connecticut. His first clock was a long-case with wooden works made by hand, as were all of his early clocks, in 1792, and it is still in good running order. In 1793 he began to manufacture clocks for sale, and 1797 was granted a patent for an improvement in clocks. He specialized on thirty-hour clocks of the shelf type with wooden works, for a number of years. In 1809 he formed a partnership with Seth Thomas and Silas Hoadley, which association lasted but one year. Many later prominent Connecticut clock' makers were apprentices of Terry at one time or another, before engaging in business on their own account. Mr. Terry seems to have occupied the same position with regard to Connecticut clock-makers that Wedgwood did to Staffordshire potters. He originated, they copied. His younger brother Samuel and his son Eli, Junior, were also clock-makers.
THOMAS, SETH (1785-1859): Connecticut clock-maker, associated first with Eli Terry and Silas Hoadley. In 1812, he began business on his own account and acquired a fortune. He was not only a good mechanic but a clever business man as well. His early clocks had wood works and were of the shelf type, then very popular. In 1853 he organized the Seth Thomas Clock Company and the works are still in operation. After his death in 1859 the town of Plymouth was divided and that portion where the works was situated was named Thomaston in his honor.
TOFT, RALPH: A potter, brother of Thomas Toft. Specimens of his work dated 1676 and 1677 are in the British Museum.
TOFT, THOMAS: A pioneer Staffordshire potter of whom it may well be said that he has earned a foremost place in the history of British ceramics. Although but little is known of him personally, he is thought to have begun production about 1660. Between twenty-five and thirty dishes of his product are in various museums and collections. One is dated 1671. All are slip-decorated and are signed with his name.
TOMPION, THOMAS (1638-1713): The "father of English clock-makers." He was born in Bedfordshire, a Quaker, and was admitted to the Clockmakers' Company in London in 1671. During his lifetime the English domestic clock developed from the "bird-cage" type into the tall-case clock, and for much of this development Tompion was responsible. He invented the cylinder escapement, with horizontal wheel, improvements in striking clocks and the balance springs for watches. After his death his business was carried on by George Graham (q.v.), an associate for several years. Tompion was buried in Westminster Abbey.
TOPPAN, ABNER (1764-1836): A Newburyport cabinet-maker, examples of whose furniture are now to be seen in the homes of families in that locality. He was a craftsman of good ability and prominent in local woodworking circles.
TOWNSEND, JOB (1700-1765): A cabinet-maker at Newport, Rhode Island. It is claimed by some authorities that he may have been the originator of the block-front design, usually credited to John Goddard.
TOWNSEND, JOHN (1733-1809): A cabinet-maker at Newport, Rhode Island, son of Christopher Townsend, and cousin of John Goddard. He made block-front furniture and is noted for some fine work in the Hepplewhite style.
TRACY, EBENEZER (1744-1803): Chair-maker of Norwich, Connecticut. He made a specialty of Windsor chairs, and there are many examples of these chairs with his brand E B TRACY burned in the bottom of the seat, surviving to the present time.
TRASK, ISRAEL (1786-1867): Pewterer of Beverly, Massachusetts. He was active from about 1812 to 1842 and made whale-oil lamps, tea-pots, tankards and casters. Trask was one of the few pewter workers in this country who used chiseled decoration on his pieces. Israel's brother, Oliver (17921877), was also a pewterer of note.
TRYON, ISAAC (1741-1823): Cabinet-maker of Glastonbury, Connecticut, of good repute.
TUCKER, WILLIAM ELLIS (1800-1832): The maker of the first American porcelain worthy of note. He began about 1825 in Philadelphia and his business grew rapidly. A great variety of domestic and ornamental wares, some of it an excellent copy of Sevres ware, were made. After his death his partner, Joseph Hemphill, organized the American China Manufactory (q.v. PART 2).
TUFFT, THOMAS (?-1793): A Philadelphia cabinet-maker. His known work compares favorably with that of Gostelowe and Savery, both of Philadelphia.
TURNER, JOHN (1739-1786): Master potter of Lane End, Staffordshire, contemporary with Wedgwood and associated with him in the working of some Cornwall clay pits. Turner started business in 1762, and in the production of unglazed stoneware he surpassed anything his contemporaries had done. He made jasper ware resembling porcelain, basalt and stoneware of cane color. His two sons, John, Jr., and William, succeeded to the business and carried it on until 1803.
TURNER, THOMAS (1749-1809): English potter, employed in his early years at the Worcester porcelain factory where he became a skillful draughtsman and designer under Robert Hancock (q.v.) of that factory. In 1772 he went to Caughley and started there the manufacture of porcelain similar to the Worcester product, in which he was very successful. Turner introduced the famous under-glaze "willow pattern" decoration, and this blue and white tableware became very popular. The Caughley factory was sold to Coalport in 1799.
VANDERBURGH, CORNELIUS (1652-1699): Silversmith of New York. He ranked well among the craftsmen of the period and several examples of his work are in existence today. Together with Jacob Boelen (q.v.) he was appointed in 1695 as an officer to regulate weights and measures in New York.
VAN DYCK, PETER (1684-1750): Silversmith of New York of Dutch descent. He was a craftsman of artistic gifts, surpassing in that respect most of his contemporaries. His son Richard continued the business after his father's death.
VERNON, SAMUEL (1683-1737): A famous silversmith of Newport, Rhode Island, who was also prominent in civic affairs. He produced a large quantity of silverware of superior quality. Vernon was highly esteemed in the community.
VOYEZ, JOHN: A French modeler employed in 1768 by Wedgwood, afterwards by H. Palmer. His work was of the classical order and his designs are to be found in the relief medallions of that period. His later work, among which are copies of Wedgwood models, is marked Voyez. The best known of his productions is the "Fair Hebe" jug made in 1788. Voyez was no doubt responsible, also, for many of the satyr-mask cups and jugs of that period.